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VOL. >£ JAHuAHT., 35/81 HC. 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 



Like a river, glorious 

Is God's perfect peace , 
Over all victorious 

In its bright increase; 
Perfect > yet if floweth 

Fuller every day; 
Perfect, yet it grcwetb 

peeper all the way* 

Hidden in the hollow 

Of His bledsed hand, 
Never fee can follow, 

Never traitor stand; 
Net a surge of worry, 

Not a shade of care, . 
Not a blast of hurry, 

Touch the spirit there. 

Every joy or trial 

Falleth from- above, 
Traced up»n our dial 

By the Sun of Love. 
We may trust Him fully, 

All, for us tc do; 
They who trust Him wholly 

Find Him wholly true . 

Stayed upon - Jehevah , 
Hearts are fully blest; 
Finding as He promised , 
Perfect peace and rest. 

-Frances R. Havergal 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel P. Wolf. 


Walking out in the brush this morning, I came upon 
a bright pink plastic ribbon tied to the fence. I 
looked around and, sure enough, there was a stake 
driven into the ground with a number written on it. 
Evidently the neighbor was having our back line fence 
surveyed. Thinking on this I realized it could mean 
a change in the neighborhood. Perhaps the adjoining 
property would be sold for subdivision or some other 
development. Land development is just one of the 
changes taking place around us. 1981 may bring many 

Scientists tell us the world is constantly chang- 
ing. We can see some of these changes in the form of 
surface erosion, plant growth, and shifting of the 
earth's crust resulting in earthquakes and volcanos, 
and also the changes brought by floods, glaciers, and 
violent storms. Come to think of it, nearly every- 
thing is changing. We are changing. Our children 
are growing, and with that, their needs are changing. 
Even the church is changing in a sense. New members 
come on as older ones pass away, or some, for various 
reasons, drop out or move on. 

Only God and His realm are reliable and constant. 
He says in halachi 3*6, "For I am the Lord, I change 
not. . . " Hebrews 13:8, " Jesus Christ the same yes- 
terday, and to day, and for ever." James 1:17, "Ev- 
ery good gift and every perfect gift is from above, 
and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom 
is no variableness, neither shadow of turning." 
Psalm 119:89, "For ever, Lord, thy word is settled 
in heaven." Jesus said in Matthew 2^:35, "Heaven and 
earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass 
away." So we see by the word of Gcd that neither God 
the Father nor His Son Jesus Christ nor His word will 
change in 1981 or ever. This is an incomparable comr- 
fort to the believer as he sees around him a changing 



Some changes we are sad to see. It seems that 
wickedness is increasing or perhaps just coming out 
into the open more- A recent instance of arson, in 
which a restaurant owned by Jewish people was burned 
inside and some threats written on the walls, was the 
first open example of anti-Semitism In our county. 
Merchants can tell of the changes in the need for home 
security and protection against theft and the result- 
ing increase In sales of locks, burglar alarms, out- 
door lighting and other security equipment. The state 
parks, once known for their freedom from vandals and 
thieves, now post signs warning campers to keep valua- 
ble items in safe places. This list could go on. 

Other changes we can rejoice to see. It makes us 
glad to see our young people turning to the Lord and 
desiring to be of more and more service in the Kingdom 
of God. We can rejoice in our own lives when by God ! s 
grace we see progress in our desires for holiness and 
closer communion with Jesus Christ and less need for 
the world of show, fun, and entertainment. While we 
are sad to see our trusted leaders and parents grow 
older and fail physically, it makes us glad to know 
that they are not changing their minds but are holding 
fast to Jesus Christ and seeing more and more clearly 
the heavenly home and joy forevermore. 

We have always heard that a Christian should be 
willing to change when God gives him better under- 
standing of his duty. Surely we should be fully per- 
suaded in our beliefs and our Christian walk, but we 
should also be open to truth. One historian says this 
was one reason the Brethren at first did not write 
down a creed or set of rules outside the scriptures. 
They felt that they had been led in the past to see 
things more and more clearly and weren't sure that 
this progress had reached its final state. They wanted 
to remain open to new truth and not have written codes 
besides the Word of God that would be hard for them or 
their children to change if they saw the need. 

Perhaps, then, these would be good thoughts to pon- 
ponder as we begin a new year: Let us be open to fur- 
ther light on the never-changing word of God. Let us 


resist any change that would place us or our children 
more under the influence of a crafty adversary. Let 
us encourage spiritual growth in our own lives and in 
the lives of those we may influence* l£t us hold 
fast to the One who does not change. 

Henry F. Lyte in 1847 wrote the words to "Abide 
With Me", evidently in the last year of his life. 
His second verse reads: 

Swift to its close ebbs out life's little day; 
Earth* s joys grow dim; its glories pass away; 
Change and decay in all around I see; 
Thou who changes t not, abide with me. 

— L.C. 


The thought of being balanced, or to understand 
the word and will of God in its true meaning, has 
pressed upon me at different times. Among men, Bible 
teachings have been carried from one extreme to anoth- 
er. We know when the Lord speaks, He means what He 
3ays, and His words are truth. It is a challenge to 
every believer in Christ to seek the will of God with 
a pure heart, to hunger and thirst after righteous- 
iioss. Proverbs 2:1-6 says, "My son, if thou wilt re- 
ceive my words, and hide my commandments with thee; 
So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply 
thine heart to understanding. . ♦ If thou seekest her 
as silver, and searcliest for her as for hid treasures; 
Then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and 
find the knowledge of God. For the Lord giveth wis- 
dom; out of his mouth cometh knowledge and under- 

Jesus says in Matthew 7:7,8: "Ask, and it shall 
be given unto you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, 
and it shall be opened unto you; For every one that 
asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and., to 
him that knocketh it shall be opened." We see by 
Scripture teaching that those that come in faith be- 
lieving and love the truth will receive of the Lord. 

Why then are there so many^ifferent teachings and 


understandings of the Scriptures? The answer is sim- 
ple: There is a deceiver, an. enemy of God, that is 
rut to kill and to destroy. Satan came to our fore- 
parents in the garden, and by adding one word to what 
God had said, changed the truth of God into a lie. 
"And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of 
the fruit of the trees of the garden: But the fruit of 
the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath 
said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch 
it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, 
Ye shall not surely die; For God doth know that in 
the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, 
and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil." 
(Genesis 3:2-5) 

God has given man choice. It is written all through 
the Bible. This is the way God is honored; by man 
serving Him willingly, kver since the fall of man, 
Satan has been busy. II Corinthians 11:14,15 says; 
"And no marvel; for Satan himself Is transformed into 
an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if 
his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of 
righteousness; whose end shall be according to their 

One day lately as I was conversing with a pastor's 
wife, I was shocked at a teaching their fellowship 
held. They believe in unconditional security (or once 
a person has accepted the Lord Jesus as his Saviour, 
he could never lose his salvation). She went on to say 
that if, after accepting the Lord, one sinned badly e- 
nough to be a poor witness, God could take his natural 
life but take the person home to heaven. We believe 
this to be out of balance with the word of God. All 
through the Old and New Testaments comes the thought 
of blessing if £e continue and cursing if ye turn away 
from following the Almighty God. 

First, let's consider the blessing: God speaking 
of Abraham : (Genesis 18:17-19) "And the Lord said, 
Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do; Seeing 
that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty na- 
tion ? and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed 

child?L Sd h^ n hnn«^ ? i5 ha l he wil1 command his 
cniiaren and his household after him, and they shall 


keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; 
that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he 
hath spoken of him." 

God speaking to Isaac : (Genesis 26:3-5) "Sojourn 
in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless 
thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give 
all these countries, and I will perform the oath 
which I sware unto Abraham thy father; And I will 
make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and 
will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in 
thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; 
Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my 
charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws." 

God speaking to Moses : (Exodus 19:4-6) "Ye have 
seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare 
you on eagles 1 wings, and brought you unto myself. 
Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and 
keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treas- 
ure unto me above all people: for all the earth is 
mine. And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, 
and an holy nation. These are the words which thou 
shalt speak unto the children of Israel." 

God speaking to David concerning Solomon : (I 
Chronicles 28:6-9) "and he said unto me, Solomon thy 
son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I 
have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his fa- 
ther. Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, 
if he be constant to do my commandments and my judg- 
ments, as at this day. Now therefore in the sight of 
all Israel the congregation of the Lord, and in the 
audience of our God, keep and seek for all the com- 
mandments of the Lord your God: that ye may possess 
this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for 
your children after you for ever. And thou, Solomon 
my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve 
him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for 
the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all 
the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, 
he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he 
will cast thee off forever." 

In the New Testament the blessing comes to those 


that ". . . Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou 
shalt be saved* . ." (Acts 16:31 ) This is the key to 
light and life. But the devils also believe and trem- 
ble. (James 2:19) What then is meant by believing? 
By light of the Scriptures, to believe on the Lord is 
to trust and cling to Him and to wholeheartedly accept 
Him as Saviour and to be willing to follow His teach- 
ings. Also to believe is a present tense word. Other 
Scriptures of blessing: "For God so loved the world, 
that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever be- 
lieveth in him should not perish, but have everlasting 
life. H (John 3:16) "But God commendeth his love to- 
ward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ 
died for us." (Romans 5:8) "And this is the record, 
that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life 
is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he 
that hath not the Son of God hath not life." (I John 
5:11,12) Eternal life starts at the moment one truly 
accepts the Lord Jesus. "And this is life eternal, 
that they might knew thee the only true God, and Jesus 
Ghrist, whom thou hast sent." (John 17:3) John 8:51 
says: "Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep 
my saying, he shall never see death." John 10:26-28 
says: "But ye believe not, because ye are not of my 
sheep, as I said unto you* hy sheep hear my voice, 
and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto 
them eternal lifej and they shall never perish, nei- 
ther shall any man pluck them out of my hand." 

(To be continued next issue) 

v ( — Kenneth Garber 

Hughson, California 


Soaring on high, through starry sky, 
Quickly to land, where spirits dwell; 
Leaving below all pain and woe, 
Bright angel band, all fears dispel. 

Peacefully rest with all the blest, 
Until thy Lcrd shall bid thee rise; 
No angry foes, no tempest blows, 
No fateful sword in Paradise, 

I. Cover 



The shepherd was tired, oh so bone weary from 
treading the grassy hillsides all day long. The sheep 
seemed extra restless and kept him running- But now 
he had found them a good grazing pasture and they 
were contentedly taking advantage of it. As he lazily 
watched them, he thought; "How nice it would be to 
have a fence; then I wouldn't have to watch them to 
keep them together and from danger — the fence would 
do that! 1 ! "But no," the thought suddenly struck him, 
n then the sheep would trust in the fence and lose 
their trust in me. So because of their lost faith in 
me, I would have to build fences everywhere! Maybe 
it wasn't so bad to be tired after all," he decided. 

Jesus felt the same way. He came to fulfill the 
law (in a sense, tear down the fences). He gave us 
"the perfect law of liberty." (James 1:25) He gave 
us the Holy Spirit, the "Comforter", our Holy Shep- 
herd, to guide us and to speak to us through His Holy 

Word in which we are, fed. It is when men become weak 

(self centered) that they begin to stray away from 
the Shepherd and desire fences. 

Let's study the Scriptures and see if we (lambs of 
God) need fences. 

First, Christ came to set everyone free from sin. 
(Luke 4:18) "But I see another law in my members, 
warring against the law of my mind (Holy Spirit), and 
bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is 
in my members." (Roiftans 7:23) God forbid that any 
other law should be found in us., for THE LAW OF OUR 
MIND is the only "law" accepted unto God. 

"For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus 
hath made me free from the law of sin and death." 
(Romans 8:2) 

", . . GLORIOUS LIBERTY of the children of God." 
(Romans 8:21) 

MAN'S CONSCIENCE?" "... Whatsoever ye do, do all 
to the GLORY OF GOD." (I Corinthians 10:29,31) 

". . . For the letter killeth,. but the spirit 


giveth life," (II Corinthians 3:6) 

"Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit 
of the Lord is, there is LIBERTY." (II Corinthians 3:17) 

Galatians 2:4 tells about false brethren "unawares 1 ] 
who spied out the brethren's liberty In Ghrist, trying 
to find fault and bring them under bondage * Then Paul 
goes on to say "... For by the works of the law 
shall no flesh be justified." (v. 16) "I DO NOT 
FRUSTRATE THE GRACE OF GOD: for if righteousness come 
by the law, then Christ is dead in vain." (v. 21) The 
Greek word for frustrate here is "atheteo" which means 
"to put aside". If we put aside the grace of God, 
then what happens? We degenerate into legalism, and 
we are actually saying that Christ died for us In vainl 

The Galatian brethren had problems with legalism. 
In chapter 3 Paul calls them "foolish Galatians". "Are 
ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now 
made perfect by the flesh (making rules)?" Notice how 
Paul explains the purpose of the law: (v. 23,24) "But 
before faith came, we were kept under the law. . . 
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster, .to bring us 
unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith." 
But after we are in Christ, HE becomes our school- 

"Stand fast therefore in the LIBERTY wherewith 
Christ hathmade us FREE, and be not entangled again 
with the yoke of bondage." (Galatians 5:1 ) 

"Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever 
of you are justified by the lawj ye are fallen from 
grace. » (v. 4) 

". . .Ye have been called unto LIBERTY; only use 
not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love 
serve one another." (v. 13) What he is saying here is, 
"Let us not abuse our freedom and think we can do any- 
thing (even sin)." The Spirit constrains (holds us to- 
gether), so if we are led by the Spirit , we will not 
abuse our freedom and we will not use the law. (v. 18) 

So, stop and think a minute: if we have this liber- 
ty, or freedom in Christ, do we need fences as long as 
we stay in His presence? Without fences we know it 
when we stray from Him, for we become lost. But He is 
there, looking for us. If we had feuces, we just 


wouldn't need Him. 

Fences, or legalism, are very popular. But legal- 
ism is when one loses sight of LOVE for Christ and 
the brethren because of too much CONCENTRATION on the 
physical rules. 

As we become more and more centered on the law, or 
rules, we can ! t help but become more conscious of how 
OTHERS are falling short of it, than we are in our 
OWN lacking in FAITH. Remember that we are to remove 
the moat from our own eye before we remove the beam 
in our brother's eye. 

Our task, as Christ's disciples, is to submit all 
we have and are to Him, and to walk our daily paths 
in the Holy Spirit. There are some very good ques- 
tions to be asked regarding what our walk. should be 
like, but let's be careful that we don't impose, on 
ourselves and others, rules and regulations and codes 
that are not true reflections of God's revealed will 
in the Bible. By doing so, we seek to be under the 
law again, and being under the law means to nullify 
Jesus' work as Savior. Our eyes must be on CHRIST, 
and with humble, forgiving, and understanding hearts, 
we long to be obedient to our LORD, living lives of 
MODERATION in ALL things, and loving service to all. 

"Set your affection on things ABOVE, not on things 
on the earth.' 1 (Colossians 3:2) What it all boils 
down to is this: are we worldly or unworldly? Have 
our minds been truly TRANSFORMED by the RENEWING of 
them? If so, we will be able to "PROVE what is that 
good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God." 
(Romans 12:2) 

How can we tell if we are worldly or not? Let's 
look at some effects, or fruits of worldliness: 1) 
Anything that destroys the influence of the Truth, 
the word of God. (Matthew 13:22) 2) Anything that 
deludes men into a state of false security. (Matthew 
24.:?8,39) (We rest in men's opinions.) 3) Anything 
that makes earthly affections supreme. (I Corinthians 
7:32,33) U) Anything that molds the activities and 
plans of life. (Ephesians 2:2) 5) Anything that 
leads to religious apostasy (we turn from God). (II 
Timothy 4: 10 j James 5:5) ' 


Do we live by opinions, or do we live by faith? 
Some people* s faith seems to be- regulated by mere opin- 
ions. Why do we obey God? Because we love Him and be- 
lieve His purposes will be vindicated? Or because 
everyone else in our denomination or clique group 
"obeys" him in opinionated areas? 

"Opinionists" permit no learning along the way and 
no open minds* If a mind is open, they feel certain 
the wrong facts will slip in and destroy "the way weVe 
T always ! done things." So we are faced with two 
choices: opinion, or truth. The TRUTH is the only 
sure way that can set us free from the world. 

So, again, why do we need fences, or extra rules be- 
sides the Holy Word? We see that to have these rules 
actually sets our minds more on worldly things instead 
of less. These rules promote material judging among 
brethren. Jesus said, "Judge not according to the ap- 
pearance, but judge righteous judgment." (John 7:2/0 

"BEWARE lest any man spoil you through philosophy 
(worldly wisdom) and vain deceit, after the tradition 
of men, after the rudiments of the world (rules), and 
not after Christ. For in HIM dwelleth all the FULNESS 
of the Godhead bodily, md ye are COMPLETE IN HIM, 
which Is the head of all principality and power." 

The coming of Christ "blotted out the handwriting 
of ORDINANCES that was against us, which was contrary 
to us, and took It out of the way, nailing it to his 
cross. " 

"Let no man therefore JUDGE YOU in meat, or in 
drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, 
or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things 

"Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the RUDI- 
MENTS of the world, why, as though living in the world, 
are ye subject to ORDINANCES, (Touch not; taste not; 
handle not; Which all are to perish with the using;) 
things have Indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, 
and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any 
honor to the satisfying of the flesh." (Colossians 2: 
8-1 0,U, 16-1 7,20-23) (Continued on page 15) 

12 -THE -PILGRIM _ „_... __ 


For this month we will print another account of 
the organizing of the Brethren in Germany. This re- 
cord Is given by Alexander Mack, Jr. and is also tak- 
en from Brumbaugh's A History of the Brethren . — L*C. 

It pleased the good God in his mercy, early in the 
beginning of this (last) century to support his 
"grace, that bringeth salvation, and which hath ap- 
peared to all men," by many a voice calling them to 
awake and repent, so that thereby many were aroused 
from the sleep and death of sin* These began to look 
around them for the truth and righteousness, as they 
are in Jesus, but had soon to see with sorrowful eyes 
the great decay (of true Christianity) almost in ev- 
ery place. From this lamentable state of things they 
were pressed to deliver many a faithful testimony of 
truth, and here and there private meetings were es- 
tablished besides the public church organization, in 
which newly-awakened souls sought their edification. 
Upon this the hearts of the rulers were embittered by 
an envious priesthood, and persecutions were comr- 
menced in various places, as in Switzerland, Wurtem- 
berg, the Palatinate, Hesse and other places. 

To those persecuted and exiled persons the Lord 
pointed out a place of refuge, or a little "Pella", 
in the land of Wittgenstein, where at that time .ruled 
a mild count, and where some pious countesses dwelt. 
Here liberty of conscience was granted at Schwarzenau, 
which is within a few miles of Berleberg. md from 
this cause, though Wittgenstein is a poor and rough 
country, many people, and those of various kinds, 
collected at Schwarzenau, and this place, which had 
been but little esteemed, became so much changed that 
in a few years it became a place extensively known. 

Those who were brought together there from the per- 
secutions, though they were distinguished by differ- 
ent opinions, and also differed In manners and cus- 
toms, were still, at first, all called Pietists, and 
they among themselves called each other brother. But 
very soon it appeared that the words of Christ, 


Matthew 18, where he says, "If thy brother shall tres- 
pass against thee, go and tell him his fault between 
thee and him alone," etc., could not be reduced to a 
proper Christian practice, because there was no regu- 
lar order yet established in the church. Therefore 
some returned again to the religious denominations 
from which they had come out, because they would not 
be subjected to a more strict Christian discipline ; 
and to others it appeared that the spiritual liberty 
was carried too far, which was thought to -be more dan- 
gerous than the religious organizations they had left. 

Under these circumstances, some felt themselves 
drawn powerfully to seek the footsteps of the primi- 
tive Christians, and desired earnestly to receive in 
faith the ordained testimonies of Jesus Christ accord- 
ing to their true value. At the same time, they were 
internally and strongly impressed with the necessity 
of the obedience of faith to a soul that desired to be 
saved. And this impression also led them at the time 
to the mystery of water-baptism, which appeared unto 
them as a door into the church, which was what they so 
earnestly sought. Baptism, however, was spoken of a- 
mong the Pietists in very different ways, and the man- 
ner in which it was sometimes spoken of caused pain to 
the hearts of those that loved the truth. 

Finally, in the year 1708, eight persons consented 
together to enter into a covenant of a good conscience 
with God, to take up all the commandments of Jesus 
Christ as an easy yoke, and thus to follow the Lord 
Jesus, their good and faithful shepherd, In joy and 
sorrow, as his true sheep, even unto a blessed end. 
These eight persons were as follows, namely, five 
brethren and three sisters, The five brethren were, 
George Grebi, from nesse-Gassel, the first; Lucas 
Vetter, likewise from Hessia, the second; the third 
was Alexander Mack, from the Palatinate of Schriesheim, 
between Mannheim and Heidelberg; the fourth was Andrew 
Bony, of Basle, in Switzerland; the fifth, John Kipping, 
from Bareit, in Wurtemberg. The three sisters were, 
Joanna Noethiger, or Bony, the first; Anna Margaretha 
Mack, the second; and Joanna Kipping, the third. 

These eight persons covenanted and united together 


as brethren and sisters into the covenant of the 
cross of Jesus Christ to form a church of Christian 
believers. And when they had found, in authentic 
histories, that the primitive Christians, in the 
first and second centuries, uniformly, according to 
the command of Christ, were planted into the death of 
Jesus Christ by a threefold immersion into the water- 
bath of holy baptism, they examined diligently the 
New Testament, and finding all perfectly harmonizing 
therewith, they were anxiously desirous to use the 
means appointed and practiced by Christ himself, and 
thus according to his own salutary counsel, go for- 
ward to the fulfillment of all righteousness. 

Now the question arose, who should administer the 
work externally unto them? One of their number, who 
was a leader and speaker of the Word in their meet- 
ings, had visited, in sincere love, different congre- 
gations of Baptists (Taufgesinnten) in Germany, most 
of which admitted that holy baptism, when performed 
by an immersion in water and out of love to Ghrist, 
was indeed right; but they would also, besides this, 
maintain that pouring of a handful of water might al- 
so do very well, provided all else would be right. 
The conscience, however, of them (the brethren) 
could not be satisfied with this. They therefore de- 
manded of him, who led in preaching the Word, to im- 
merse them, according to the example of the primitive 
and best Christians, upon their faith. But he, con- 
sidering himself as unbaptized, required first to be 
baptized of some one of them before he should baptize 
another. So they concluded to unite in fasting and 
prayer, in order to obtain of Christ himself, the 
founder of all his ordinances, a direction and open- 
ing in this matter; for he who was requested to bap- 
tize the other, wanted to be baptized by the church 
of Christ, and the rest had the same desire. 

In this their difficulty they were encouraged by 
the words of Christ, who has said so faithfully, 
"Where two or three are gathered together in my name, 
there am I in the midst of them. » With such confi- 
dence in the precious and sure promise of God, they, 
tinder fasting and prayer, cast lots to learn which of 


the four brethren should baptize that brother who so 
anxiously desired to be baptized by the church of 
Christ. They mutually pledged their word that no one 
should ever divulge who among them had baptized first 
(according to the lot), in order to cut off all occa- 
sion of calling them after any man, because they had 
found that such foolishness had already been reproved 
by Paul in his writing to the Corinthians . 

Being thus prepared, the Eight went out together 
one morning, in solitude, to a stream called the Eder, 
and the brother, upon whom the lot had fallen, baptized 
first that brother who desired to be baptized by the 
church of Christ, and when he was baptized, he baptized 
him by whom he had been baptized, and the remaining 
three brethren and three sisters. Thus these Eight 
were all baptized at an early hour of the morning. 

And after all had come up out of the water, and had 
changed their garments, they were also at the same 
time made to rejoice with great inward joyfulness, and 
by grace tney were deeply impressed with these signif- 
icant words, "Be ye fruitful and multiply!" (pp. 35-40) 

(Continued from page u) If we are in Christ, why do we 
worry sc much about material things? Why must we demand 
rudiments, ordinances, and commandments of men? These 
things are for the weak and worldly minded, and not for 
one of Christ. May none of us be found guilty of "frus- 
trating the grace of God." "For (we) are dead, and (our) 
life is HID WITH CHRIST IN GOD." (Colossians 3:3) 

I would like to close with the words of Elder Peter 
Nead which he wrote in 1834: "I have stated that it is 
the duty of the believer to unite himself to that church 
which has nc other rule for her government but the New 
Testament, not in word only, but in deed; for there are 
many whc say they have no other rule but the Nqw Testa- 
ment, and yet do not keep house in the church agreeably 
to that blessed book..." (As quoted in The Old Brethren 

by James H. Lehman, p. 48) 

-Ronald L. Cable 
Goshen, Indiana 

J 6 CH^LBiMK l 8 PAGE ^ ' 


It's a ptfld winter day. Ponds and lakes are boun^ 
in ice, Tre^s stand shivering. Streams are strugglir^g 
as the xoy banks try to cover their flowing waters. 

Somehow, out in that wintery world, life goes on. 
^ut how do the birds keep from freezing as they fly 
from branch to branch? And how do the deer keep warm 
as they yander through the bare, frozen forest? 

-The secret to their survival is in the way they~£r6 
;iac1e, for God designed His creatures well* As long as 
they can fin$ food, their bodies produce plenty of heat 
to keep them warm. And they are covered with a layer 
uf "insulation 11 to keep the heat from escaping too 
quiuj^ly* Furry animals have a thick wool in winter, 
and birds have warm down beneath thejr outer feathers* 

Some qreatures store fat in their bodies to keep 
them warm, and sleep in dry caves and hollow places. 
Others wrap their tails around their faces like warm 
scarves* Smaller mammals, such as field mice, spehd 
much of their time in warm tunnels made under the snow* 

God has also designed us well. If there were no 
such thing as sin, we could always be contented, feut 
sin, like the raging cold of winter, settles down" ag- 
round us and tries to "freeze" our souls— to make our 
hearts as hard as ice and our conscience numb. 

Like the creatures of the forest, we need food to 
keep warm. If we feed ofi our parents' teachings from 
the Word of God, we will find ourselves getting warmer 
in our innermost souls. And our insulating covering, 
a life of humble obedience and separation from evil, 
will keep us warm, free forever from sorrow and death. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd- 

Tuolumne, Calif* 


VOL, 28 FEBHJARY, 1981 NO. 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


More holiness give me, 

More striving within, 
More patience in suffering, 

More sorrow for sin, 
More faith in my Saviour, 

More sense of His care, 
More joy in His service,- 

More purpose in prayer. 

More gratitude give me, 

More trust in the Lord, 
More zeal for His glory, 

More hope in His Word, 
" More tears for His sorrow. 

More pain at His grief, 
More meekness in trial, 

More praise for relief. 

More victory give me, 

More strength to overcome, 
More freedom from earth stains, 

More longing for home, 
More fit for His coming, 

More used would I be, 
More blessed and holy, 

More, Saviour, like Thee. 

—Philip Bliss 

Selected by Mary Ellen Lavy 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Outstanding among the failings of our free and fun- 
loving nation is the sin of waste. While millions in 
the world suffer from physical needs, other millions 
in the wealthy nations are blissfully throwing it out, 
sating it up, or thinking it must be replaced* As 
Christians we need to be aware of the responsibilities 
connected with being surrounded by so much that can 
either be used or abused- If we are in the world "on 
trial" then this area of materialism is certainly one 
point on which we are being tried; 

*It is said that the nations of the rich world have 
45 times more wealth than the poorer countries, which 
contain more than half the world's population. Also, 
some 900 million people in the "have-not" nations sub- 
sist on ^40 to #80 a year, less than many people in 
wealthy countries make in a day. Poor people in the 
developing nations are paying up to 85 per cent of 
their earnings for food (subsistence diets). And it 
is said that if all the oil the United States uses in 
just 34 days were put into oil drums, the stack of 
drums would reach the moon! 

Here we certainly wish to be understood. We are 
not promoting the idea of a "social gospel n or human- 
ism. The priorities of Christians should remain on 
calling men and women to Christ and our growth in the 
Lord. Whether or not people have plenty of food and 
material goods does not make them Christians. Chris- 
tian martyrs have suffered the loss of all things, as 
Paul did, and won Christ. But how easy it is to say 
these things from a standpoint of abundance of bless- 
ings I How difficult it is to put ourselves in the 
shoes of others! 

---From the Program Resource Package published by CROP, 
the Community Hunger Appeal of Ghurch World Service 


The facts of this matter show that the world is in 
great distress- The population is expected to double 
in the next thirty years. We can take the rich man ! s 
attitude of neglect and carelessness toward Lazarus, 
or we can, as Christians should, be aware of the con- 
ditions and be available to help and share. We may 
think we are too small to do anything to help. But so 
is everyone else. The purpose of this writing is not 
to solve the world ! s problems but to point to our in- 
dividual responsibility and to suggest a few things we 
can do to help. 

We began by stating that our country is wasteful. 
Our country is made up of individuals, and if individ- 
uals are wasteful, so is the country. Our parents and 
grandparents have generally given us good examples of 
frugality. But how easy it is to lose this concept! 
Food is one of the crying needs of the world and we 
should not be guilty of wasting it. Use the leftovers! 
Glean up the plates! Eat a little less and chew it 
well! These are things we can do even If we cannot 
help the waste of businesses and government* 

I,y mother used to say: 

"What e*er you waste and throw away, 
You'll live to want another day." 
This applies to more than just food. Almost anything 
can be used wisely and well, or it can be wasted. 
Minutes and hours and days can be wasted. Or we can 
redeem the time as Paul writes in Jiphesians 5:1 6. 

How do we regard our material possessions?' Do we 
feel that since we worked hard for them they are right- 
fully ours? Paul writes in I Corinthians 4:7, "For 
who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast 
thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst 
receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not 
received it?" Material possessions bring with them 
the greatest responsibility to use them wisely, hold 
them lightly (Be ready to give them up.), and share 
them freely. 

Having so much brings in attitudes that are decid- 
edly unchristian. Words, or even thoughts, such as: 
"I hate spinach!" or "I can T t stand to wear long 


socks!" or the famous, "I'd rather be dead than not in 
style!" can only find expression in a land where there 
is no want. People who are hungry receive any food 
gratefully. Those who dress in rags are not concerned 
if the colors don't match. 

When we see material things in the light of Eter- 
nity we can get a better view. In another article in 
this issue the writer mentions being clothed with 
humility and putting on the new man. This is the way 
a Christian is well dressed in God's sight. His well- 
fitted, matching clothes really don't make him better 
inside. And the fine food that we all like so well — 
this is not what makes us grow and stay healthy spir- 
itually. We need to feed on the bread and water of 
life — the Lord Jesus Christ. 

We are surely among these to whom much has been 
given and from whom much will be required. In the 
parable of the unjust steward, Jesus has some conclud- 
ing statements (Luke 16:10-13): "He that is faithful 
in that which is least is faithful also in much: and 
he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much. 
If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unright- 
eous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true 
riches: And if ye have not been faithful in that 
which is another man's (We believe the Christian does 
not really own his money and goods.) , who shall give 
you that which is ycur own? No servant can serve two 
masters: for either he will hate the one, and love 
the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise 
the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon." Surely 
Jesus teaches here that we should use money and pos- 
sessions and serve God. Satan and the world would have 
it the other way. 

Soneone has wisely said, "Extravagance is sin, even 
if 'we can afford it. r " Timothy was to "Charge them 
that are rich in this world, that they be not high- 
minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the 
living God, who giveth us richly all things, to enjoy; 
That they do good, that they be. rich in good works, 
ready to distribute, willing to communicate." (I Tim. 
6:17,18) We should do likewise. — L.C. 



In the "Farewell Discourse ,! of Jesus (John 14-17), 
John records that Jesus introduced a new phrase to His 
disciples. Seven times He uses "In "My name 11 , a phrase 
which has been the source of much speculation. Al- 
though this phrase has been enigmatic to many, an "ex- 
amination of the biblical context in which it is found 
sheds much light on what Jesus actually meant. 

The first reference in the gospel of John in which 
Jesus uses this phrase is John 14:13 where Jesus says, 
"And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I 
do, that the Father may be glorified In the Son. 1 ' 
Five of the other uses of "in My name" also refer to 
what appear to be unconditional promises to the be- 
liever that Jesus (or in some cases the Father) will 
answer whatever the believer should ask (John 14:14; 
15:16; 16:23,24,26). The lone reference to "in tty 
name" which does not mention prayer or asking is John 
14:26 where Jesus says; 

"But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom 
the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you 
all tilings, and bring all things to your remembrance, 
whatsoever I have said unto you." Although at first 
glance this may not seem related to the other refer- 
ence, a moment's reflection shows that it is concerned 
with supplying a need, just as the other six refer- 

The problem which faces the Christian is what does 
"in My name" mean., Is it a magic formula or incanta- 
tion to be tacked on the end of every prayer? Does It 
give the Christian, a "blank check" for obtaining what- 
ever he might desire? Experience tells us it is nei- 
ther of these. What is it then? 

To understand what Jesus meant we must know what 
was the occasion for the promises which contain this 
phrase. The "Farewell Discourse" occurred at the Last 
Supper and following when Jesus was acutely aware of 
His impending suffering and death. Up to that point 
He had always been with His disciples. Now it was 
time to prepare them for His departure. Therefore He 


began to teach them about the resources that they 
would have after He was no longer physically present 
with them. As He taught them He stressed several 
things. First of all, He told them that His purpose 
in leaving them was to prepare a place for them (14:2) 
Secondly, He taught them the way to God: "No man 
cometh unto the Father, but by me" (14:6). Thirdly, 
He stressed His equality with the Father (14:9-11). 
Fourthly, He pointed out His submission to the Father 
(14:10b). Finally, He explained that great power was 
available to the believer because of the work which 
He (Jesus) would do (14:12). 

The implication for the disciples was that even 
though Jesus would not be physically present, they 
would still have adequate resources on which to draw. 
The basis for this power was to be Christ's person 
and work, hence the words "in My name". However, 
even as Jesus told them about this power He made it 
clear that it was only for those who were believers. 
It is significant that these promises were delivered 
after Judas had left [13? 30). Furthermore, there is 
constant exhortation to be in the right relationship 
with Jesus: "Believe me that "I am in the Father" 
(14:11 J; "He that believeth on me . . ." (14:12); "He 
that hath my commandments, and keepeth them" (14:21); 
"If a man love me, he will keep my words" (14:23); 
"Abide in me" (15:4); "without me ye can do nothing" 
(15:5); and "If ye abide in me, and my words abide in 
you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done 
unto you" (T5:7). Many more verses could be men- 
tioned which follow the same theme. 

What are the applications for the believer today? 
First of all, there are great resources available to 
us "in My name". However, it should be abundantly 
clear that to claim these resources without a proper 
relationship to Christ is sheer presumption* Such 
verses as 14:24; 15:2,4,6, and 23 show that these 
promises are of no effect to an unbeliever. Further- 
more, nominal Christianity is not adequate. The in- 
tent of "in My name" is not to be a magical formula 
for those who profess but do not possess the Holy 


Spirit and do not abide in Christ. 

Secondly, and just as important, is that even the 
true believer must constantly be in close fellowship 
with and in proper submission to Jesus Christ. This 
is in part the implication which Jesus sought to bring 
out in stressing His own relationship to the Father 
(14:10). This would preclude any selfish request n in 
My name" as such requests could not issue from one 
who is properly submitted to Christ. Kather, a person 
submitted to Christ will see the world from His per- 
spective- When a believer is walking this close to 
the Lord he can rest assured that whatever he asks 
will be given to him. 

There is a corollary to this second implication. A 
believer who is properly submissive will not attempt 
to dictate to the Lord how his petitions must be an- 
swered. Instead, he will bring to the Lord the needs 

which the Holy Spirit (who guides him into all truth 

16: 13) has shewed him. Then he will wait for the 
Father to supply in the way, manner, and time which He 
knows will be best. 

The final implication for twentieth century be- 
lievers is that not only has Jesus made ample re- 
sources available, but He will meet all of our needs. 
Therefore we need not be troubled (14:1^27-). Jesus 
has promised us the Holy Spirit ,! in My name" (14:26). 
He has promised that as we live close to Him we can 
ask for whatever we need in our walk with Him "in My 
name". Far from being a magical formula or a means of 
meeting our selfish desires, "in My name" represents 
the power available to us as we live close to Him and 
seek to carry out His purpose in this world. 

— Glen W. Shirk, M.D*,.La Mirada," California 


Again cur hearts were made to rejoice when another 
precious soul, Rosemary Boone, gave her heart to the 
Lord and requested Christian Baptism February 8 after 
services at Bradford, Ohio, May true joy and peace 
accompany her throughout her days as she humbly seeks 
'God's will for her life. — Melvin Coning 



"And when the king came in to see the guests, he 
saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment." 
(Matthew 22:11) And the man was bound and cast into, 
outer darkness. 

What kind of a garment am I wearing? This ques- 
tion should be considered by every sincere Christian. 
The scriptures are full of different kinds of cloth- 
ing. The Greek definition of "wedding garment" as 
used here is "anything put on". The Apostle Paul in 
Romans 13:14 says, "But put ye on the lord Jesus 
Ghristj and make not provision for the flesh, to ful- 
fil the lusts thereof. " Again the Greek definition 
of "put on" as used here is "to clothe, go into cloth- 
ing". In I Peter 5:5: "... Yea, all of you be sub- 
ject one to another, and be clothed with humility: 
for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the 
humble." Also Colossians 3:12, "Put on therefore, as 
the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, 
kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsufferingU 
Ephesians 4:24 instructs us ". . . that ye put on the 
new man, which after God is created in righteousness 
and true holiness." 

There is no amount of man-made laws that can pro- 
duce true Christian apparel. The clothing of a 
Christian is primarily that of the inner man, the new 
man, which is true holiness. In order to begin, we 
must have the love of Christ as the controlling mo- 

This is not to say the outer garment is of no im- 
portance, because if we truly are "clothed with hu- 
mility," we will manifest it on the outside, too. 
The outside must agree with the inner man to be con- 
sistent; otherwise our witness is in vain. 

The Apostle Paul was concerned with those who 
"glory in appearance and not in heart." It is possi- 
ble to glory in plainness as well as extravagance; 
but If we are in Christ we will adopt His plain, sim- 
ple life which never drew attention to Himself (out- 
wardly). The way He lived and taught was evidence of 


a spirit of love, humility, power, and submission to 
the laws of God. 

So may we be found wearing wedding garments in. that 
great day when a great voice will say, "Let us be glad 
and rejoice, and give honor to him; for tLe marriage 
of the Lamb is come, and his wife heth made herself 
ready. And to her was granted that she should be ar- 
rayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine 
linen is the righteousness of saints." (Revelation 19; 


— he ride th Cable 
Goshen, Indiana 

(Continued from last issue) 

The thought of balance, or understanding God's word 
correctly, comes forcibly to me now. The ones who be- 
lieve in unconditional salvation would have us believe 
that it is impossible to lose one T s salvation once you 
have accepted Christ. The Bible teaches that if you 
continue or abide in Christ, salvation is sure because 
Christ is eternal and life and light. The thought of 
choice enters here. Christ does not force us to serve 
Him. We must serve Him because we love Him and choose 
to serve willingly. The Lord wants us to have the 
peace and joy of knowing Him and the blessing of for- 
giveness of sins through his shed blood. 

Throughout the Bible the promise of blessing is 
given if the people* would hear His word, and a curse 
if they turned away from following Him. Joshua 24:20 
says: "If ye forsake the Lord, and serve strange gods, 
then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, 
after that he hath done you good. Deuteronomy 8:19 20 
says: "And it shall be, if thou do at all forget the 
Lord thy God, and walk after other gods, and serve 
them, and worship them, I testify against you this day 
that ye shall surely perish. As the nations which the 
Lord destroyed before your face, so shall ye perish; 
because ye would not be obedient unto the voice of the 
Lord your God." II Chronicles 15:1,2 says: "And the 

10_ _ THE ; PIL GRIM __ _ _ 

Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded; And 
he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye 
me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The Lord is with 
you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he 
will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will 
forsake you." 

In the New Testament the words of Jesus come with 
power. In hatthew 7:13,14 He says: "Enter ye in at 
the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is 
the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there 
be which go in thereat: Because strait is the gate, 
and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and 
few there be that find it." Then later in" the same 
chapter (v. 26,27), "And every one that heareth these 
sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened 
unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the 
sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, 
and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it 
fell: and great was the fall of it." "And whosoever 
shall fall on this stone (Jesus) shall be broken: but 
on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to 
powder." (Matthew 21:44) "• • • Whosoever will come 
after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, 
pad follow me. For whosoever will save his life shall 
lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake 
and the gospel's, the same shall save it. . . Whoso- 
ever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words 
in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also 
shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in 
the glory of his Father with the holy angels." (Mark 

In Matthew 24:4 after the disciples had asked Jesus 
about the signs of the end, the first thing Jesus said 
was "Take heed that no man deceive you." Then later 
in the chapter (v. 12,13): "And because iniquity 
shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold. But he 
that shall endure unto the end , the same shall be 

John 15:4-7 speaks of abiding in the vine (Jesus). 
In this chapter the word "abide' 1 appears nine times 
and "continue" once. ' In verse 6 it says; "If a man 


abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is 
withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the 
fire, and they are burned. 11 Hebrews 5:8,9 says; 
"Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the 
things which he suffered; And being made perfect," he 
became the author of eternal salvation unto all them 
that obey him-" Hebrews 6:4-6;, "For it is impossible 
for those who were once enlightened, -and have tasted 
of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the 
Holy Ghost, And have tasted the good word of God, and 
the powers of the world to come, If they shall fall 
away , to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they 
crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put 
him to an open shame." We feel very strongly if the 
unconditional salvation doctrine is true, the word 
would never have been written (if they shall fall 
away. . . ). .... 

II Peter 3:16,17 says; "as also in all his epis- 
tles, speaking in them of these things; in which are 
some things hard to be understood, which they that are 
unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the oth- 
er scriptures, unto their own destruction." And Paul 
immediately adds: "Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye 
know these things before, beware lest ye also, being 
led away with the error of the wicked, fall from, your 
own stedfastness." II Peter 2:20,21 says: "For<if af- 
ter they have escaped the pollutions of the world 
through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus 
Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, 
the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. 
For it had been better for them not to have known the 
way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, 
to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto thenu" 

I Thessalonians 3:8: "For now we litre, if ye stand 
fast in the Lord." (In the Strong's Concordance "if" 
means: particle of conditionally; if, whether.) 
Colossians 1:21-23 says: "And you, that were sometime, 
alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, 
yet now hath he reconciled In the body of his flesh 
through death, to present you holy and unblameable and 
unreproveable in his sight: If £e continue in the 


faith grounded and settled. . . " Hebrews 3:5,6: And 
Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a ser- 
vant, for a testimony of those things which were to be 
spoken after; But Christ as a son over his own house; 
whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence 
and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. " V. 
12-14 in the same chapter: "Take heed, brethren, lest 
there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in 
departing from the living God. But exhort one another 
daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be 
hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. For we are 
made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of 
our confidence steadfast unto the end." (To be con- 
cluded next issue.) 

— Kenneth Garber 
Hugh son, California 

Another year has just begun; 
What it contains we dc not know. 
The path looks steep and dark and scary, 
"0 Lord, how dare we forward go? 
It's toe hard; we cannot do it," 
In fright we cry toward Heaven* 
"Patience, children," is our answer, 
"As each day comes, help will be given," 

— E.S. 


We, the members of the eastern district of the Old 
Brethren, have appointed a lovefeast and communion 
for the 23rd and 24th cf May at the Wakarusa meeting 
house. The Lord willing, we are looking forward tc 
a time cf sweet fellowship and feeding upon His Word. 
A hearty invitation is extended to all of our brethren, 

sisters, and friends. 

— Melvin Coning 



Undoubtedly we fail to appreciate properly the 
stand the first Brethren made In 1708. To us it may 
seem simple and easy and the obvious course for the 
eight to take. But at the time and for those involved, 
it must have been a big step of faith. They had many 
people and a number of circumstances to discourage 
them. But for encouragement they had their under- 
standing of the Word of God and their faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ whom they determined to follow in 
humility and obedience. Their knowledge of the his- 
tory of the early Church gave them hope that they, too, 
could take and follow the New Testament as their only 
rule for faith and practice. 

To discourage them, on the one hand were their fel- 
low Pietists who thought their stand and their empha- 
sis on inward faith proven by outward obedience were 
unnecessary. Those whom they respected and with whom 
they had fellowshipped much not only thought the obe- 
dience in outward forms was unnecessary, but also they 
accused Alexander Mack and his company of sectarian- 
ism— beginning a new sect to the exclusion of their 
Christian friends. 

On the other hand were the rulers who attempted to 
suppress by persecution and expulsion any who began a 
new fellowship, ill fellowships were unlawful except 
the three: Catholic, Lutheran, and Reformed; and 
these only in their own areas. This suppression fell 
on the Pietists in. general but particularly on this 
, group who conducted open baptisms and attempted to 
form a fellowship which would have identity as the 
Church of Jesus Christ. 

In spite of the resistance and hardship, the faith 
spread and prospered reaching possibly 250 or more 
members in the 25 years they remained in Europe. 
Brumbaugh records (page l£ in History of the Brethren) ; 
"The Schwaraenau congregation florished from 

the beginning. Its missionary spirit led to the 


founding of a second congregation in the 
Marienborn district. After their persecution 
in Marienborn this new congregation found ref- 
uge in Creyfelt in 1715* A third congregation 
w as established at Epstein, and many members 
v ere living in Switzerland of whom we have no 

"The Schwarzenau congregation in 1720 was 
bitterly persecuted and its members under 
Alexander Mack fled for protection to Westervain 
in West Friesland." 
Also from Brumbaugh (Alexander Mack T s account, pp. 


"Moreover the Lord called, during those seven 
years (1708-1715), several laborers, and sent 
them into his harvest, among whom were, John 
Henry Kalkleser, of Frankenthal; Christian Libe 
and Abraham Duboy, from Epstein; John Nasz and 
several others from Norten; Peter Becker, from 
Dillsheim. And to these were added also John 
henry Trout and his brothers, Heinrich Holsapple, 
and Stephen Koch. The most of these came during 
those seven years to Crefeld; John Henry Kalkleseij 
however, and Abraham Duboy came to Schwarzenau; 
so did also George B. Ganz, from Umstatt, and 
Michael Eckerlin, from Strasburg. 

"But as they found favor with God and men on 
the one hand, so (on the other hand) there were 
also enemies of the truth, and there arose here 
and there persecutions for the Word's sake. 
There were those who suffered joyfully the spoil- 
ing of their goods, and others encountered bonds 
and imprisonment; some for a few weeks only, but 
others had to spend several years in prison. 
Christian Libe was some years fastened to a 
galley, and had to work the galling oar among 
malefactors; yet, by God's special providence, 
they were all delivered again with a good con- 
science. n — \L.Ca 



Heaven, that wonderful, wonderful place 
Where we 1 11 see Jesus face to face. 
His precious blood He shed for you, for me 
That we the beauties of Heaven might see, 

Ch! how I long, yes long to go there, 

Heaven 1 s eternal joys to share. 

Oh I how I long to live, yes live 

In that beautiful home where Jesus is. 

Chi there I'll never, ho nevBr grow old 
In that city with streets of crystal gold 
With gates of jewels, oh, so rare, 
And the tree of life is blooming there. 

Oh I there my tears God shall wipe away; 
There T no night, for all is day; 
There'll be no pain and no more sorrow; 
No fearful dread of the coming tomorrow* 

Oh I how I long, yes long to tell you 
Of my Saviour who died to save you too; 
Of the home He'll give you, oh, so fair, 
And how I long to meet you over there. 

Oh! don ! t you want, yes want to go there — 

Heaven's eternal joys to share? 

Ohi don't you want to live, yes live 

In that beautiful heme where Jesus is? 

June Fountain 
Auburn, California 


Joseph Wagner 2437 Temperate Ave. 

Modesto, California 95351 



"The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face 
of the deep is frozen." These words were spoken by 
God Himself about one of the marvelous things He made 
long ago— ice. If you have ever fallen and bumped 
your head on ice, you know it really- seems as hard as 
stone. But no other "stone" melts and turns into soft 
flowing water when the sunshine warms it. 

Ice is indeed strange. KL though it is hard; it is 
not especially heavy — it even floats on water. This 
is necessary, for if ice sack as it formed, the water 
would freeze from the bottom to the top, and all life 
on the earth would perish. 

Ice reminds us of a trait called "determination". 
At times our determination is a real blessing to us, 
helping us to become what God wants us to be. It 
helps us to develop a pleasing personality. It helps 
make us strong and stable and keeps us from being too 
"wishy-washy". Determination helped the heroes of the 
Bible to grow up into men and women of God; for "their 
hearts were fixed (as rigid as ice) in overcoming sin 
and temptation. 

But sometimes determination becomes our enemy and 
is better' called "stubbornness". Sometimes it refuses 
to yield to wisdom, to reason, to patience. Sometimes 
we would be better off if our determination would melt 
away* like ice in the sunshine, and let us submit to 
God, to our God-fearing parents, and to others- 

When our feelings are as hard as ice, let's be 
doubly sure they are hard against evil, and are not 
hardened in evil." — Stanley K. Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 MARCH, 1981 NO- 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


If all our hopes and all our fears 

Were prisoned in life's narrow bounds; 
If, travelers through this vale of tears, 

We saw no better world beyond, , 
what could check the rising sigh? 

What real joy would pleasure give? 
C who would venture then to die? 

who could then endure to live? 

Were life a dark and desert moor, 

Where mists and clouds eternal spread 
Their gloomy veil behind, before, 

And tempests thunder overhead; 
Where not a sunbeam breaks the gloom, 

And not a floweret smiles beneath. 
Who -could exist in such a tomb?.. 

Who dwell in darkness and. in death? 

And such were life without the ray 

From our divine religion given; 
*Tis this that makes our darkness day; 

f Tis this that makes our earth a heaven. 
Bright is the golden sun above, 

And beautiful the flowers that bloom; 
And all is joy, and all is love, 

Reflected from a world to come, 


Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 

XH EI PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


11 Judge not, that ye be not judged," (Matthew 7:1) 
ijhat a responsibility this is for each Ghristian liv- 
ing today! The meaning of this statement by Jesus 
goes deep beneath the surface, both spiritually and 
physically- What are some of the consequences that 
my be suffered from judging one another? What does 
the Bible tell us, and how should we apply it to our 


Jesus tells us in Matthew to search ourselves and 
examine our own lives before finding fault with our 
brother or sister. Fault-finding is often used to 
further one's own ideas and is usually done at. the ex- 
pense of another, now sad it is when Christians let 
this happen and what a detriment this is to the growth 
of Christ's Church. 

On the other hand, if we examine ourselves and 
evaluate our own motives and then go to our brother 
or sister in a spirit of charity, what a difference 
it can make! Paul tells us, "Charity never faileth." 
(I Corinthians 13:8) That tells me that if differ- 
ences between two Christians are handled in a spirit 
of love, nothing but good and growth can come from it. 

Do two wrongs make a right? Of course not! Well 
tuen, can two rights make a wrong? My grandmother 
told of how that in the early days of the Brethren 
Church it was considered worldly to have folding, soft- 
topped buggies. The question arose at one annual 
meeting; Members in- California were getting folding 
top buggies — should this be allowed? After some dis- 
cussion which included some pretty uncharitable re- 
marks about these "worldly" brethren, an elderly 
brother took the floor. 

"Dear members," he began, "I have been among those 
western brethren several times. Buggies are hard to 
find in their country. In fact, plain, enclosed 


buggies aren't made in California. The only ones 
available are soft-topped buggies. The cost of trans- 
porting buggies from the East is more than these mem- 
bers can afford. I can tell you that they are doing 
the best that they can. 11 The case was put to rest. 

We see here that what one saw as carnal another saw 
as plain necessity with no intention of being worldly- 
minded. It isn't always easy to put one's self in the 
shoes of another. Not o#ly should we take considera- 
tion of another person's situation, we must if we want 
to follow the Scripture's teachings. That isn't say- 
ing that we have to agree on everything, but we do 
have to acknowledge each other's views. 

Working with and around the public has been and is 
a rewarding experience for me. Sometimes a rough- 
looking character will walk in the front door and blow 
smoke in my face. A first impression is quite fre- 
quently not very good, but before that person leaves, 
my impression sometimes changes quite a bit. I've 
found that if you are looking for good traits in peo- 
ple you'll usually find them. 

A sincere Christian should always have a positive 
attitude toward others, especially his or her own 
brethren or sisters in Christ. If we criticize one 
another, we both suffer. Paul in his letter to the 
Ephesians, chapter 4, verse 3 says, "Endeavouring to 
keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace . " 
Paul knew that inner peace was of the utmost impor- 
tance, both for individuals and the Church, and he em- 
phasized this many times throughout his letters. (See 
Eph. 4:31-32, 5:1-4, 6:23, Phil. 3:15-17, I Thess, 5: 
13, and Col. 3:15.) 

In this day and age Christians everywhere need 
unity like they've -never needed it before. Satan is 
doing his best to get quarrels started, feelings hurt, 
and the Body of Ghrist wounded. As a young Christian, 
I feel the need for peace more all the time as I see 
the world changing. We, as young people, need to see 
unity practiced in and between our little congrega- 
tions, something that we can stand firmly on and be a 
part of. 


The peace of God is the one thing that we know 

will last eternally. May we all strive to attain 

that spirit of peace and unity in Jesus ; Christ, the 

perfect peacemaker. 

— Iloyd Wagner 

Modesto , California 


As I waited for the dentist to come into the room, 
a framed saying caught my eye. I leaned forward from 
the reclining chair to read its message; 

Beware of bargains in parachutes, 
life-preservers, fire extinguishers, 
brain operations, and dental care J 

The point was obvious I I was being reminded that 
dental caie, like the other things mentioned, is so 
important that a "bargain" can prove to be very ex- 

As I thought about the message, it seemed hard to 
imagine that anyone would shop for bargain parachutes 
or bargain brain operations. What a terrible price 
they might pay if something went wrong 1 But what 
about the even more important choices of life? 

I wish the sign would have closed with one more 
warning; "Beware of bargain religions." All around 
us, cheap religions are being peddled to easily- 
deceived people. The price seems right. The "pur- 
chaser" is assured that that particular religion is 
the real thing — all others are counterfeits. 

Don't people care about quality ? Don't they care 
what God has to say about religion? Are they de- 
ceived so easily? Is their only concern that they 
find a religion with a cheap price tag attached — one 
that involves no self-denial or rebirth? 

"Only believe," shouts one huckster. "If thou 
shalt confess with thy mouth the lord Jesus, and -- 
shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him 
from the dead, thou shalt be saved." But he does not 


mention the next verse about believing "unto right- 

Another salesman smiles, "Jesus is everything! all 
you need to do is just love Jesus." But he seems to 
forget that Jesus said, "If a man love me, he will 
keep my words . " 

"Come to our church, " another false teacher per- 
suades. "We have what you need. Confess your sins 
to the priest, and you can live however you want to." 

"If you accept Christ as your personal Savior, " 
says the tract, "sign your name right here on this 
dotted line, and write down the hour and day you 
first believed." 

Bargain hunting? Are you looking for an easy reli- 
gion? Would you like a religion with no sweat, no 
tears, no blood, no problems, no sacrifice? You won't 
find it in the New Testament. And if you think you 
have found such a religion, beware. Its promises 
will be empty, its assurances vain. 

"Beware of false prophets, which come to you in 
sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening 
wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits." 

Bargain hunting? The teachings of Jesus Christ 
are not easily obeyed, for our human nature is self- 
ish and stubborn. But, oh, the rewards to the faith- 

The gospel that saves is available to all who will 
pay the price of faith and obedience. And, in the ' 
long run,- it will be the greatest barg ain of time and 
all eternity. 

Beware of cheap substitutes and frauds. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 
Goshen, Indiana 

And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh 
unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the 
chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked 
of him: For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and 
scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. 

— Hebrews 12:5,6 


". . .THOU HAST TRIED US,. . ." 

God has blessed me richly both spiritually and 
naturally, but lest I forget He is the Giver. of all 
good things, He has given me an infirmity of the 
flesh by which He has withheld one blessing very dear 
to my heart. Why. "does He Who can heal hearts, and 
souls and bodies allow infirmities which cause- pain, 
disappointment, and trial? This question has re- 
peatedly brought me to God's Word. Here we learn the 
Lord tries the hearts of men. (I Peter 1:7, Proverbs 
17:3, Psalm 66:10, Job 23:10, Isaiah 4-8:10) With, pa- 
tience we must endure the trials God allows in our 
lives. They are to purge our souls that we might 
yield "the peaceable fruit of righteousness." (Hebrews 


The promises in God's Word to the believers are 
strength and courage to remain faithful. (Psalm 18:32, 
27:14-, 31:24) There are times when we long for the 
Lord to call us Home where we will know no more trial, 
temptation, and sorrow, but God wants our faith pure. 
Faith is life's best child; it is what He gives .to 
those who ask for it and what He wants in each of us, 
complete and without doubt. (Hebrews 10:38, Job 13*15) 
We must trust in God's infinite wisdom and believe He 
knows what is best for us; how to cause our faith and 
trust in Kim to grow. He never, makes a mistake and 
has promised He will never leave us nor forsake us. 
(Hebrews 13:5, Deuteronomy 31*6) Psalm 84:11 tells 
us ". . . no good thing will he withhold from them 
that walk uprightly." (Romans 8:32, Hebrews 6:13-15) 
May we learn to patiently wait on the Lord and be 
content in His will for our lives. (Psalm 37:7.) 

This life is but* a short while. Gan we not bear 
all He calls us to bear in joy and with gladness, as 
did the Apostle Paul? (II Corinthians 12:7-10) 
"Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for 
when he is tried, he shall, receive the crown of life, 
which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. " 

(James 1:12, Re.velation 2:10, Matthew 24: 1 3 ) 

— Loraine Bayer 
Dayton, Ohio 


(concluded from last issue) 

In I Corinthians 10, Paul tells how our fathers 
were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 
"And were all baptized unto hoses in the cloud and in 
the sea . . . for they drank of that spiritual Rock 
that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. But 
with many of them God was not well pleased: for they 
were overthrown in the wilderness. Now these things 
were our examples, to the intent that we should not 
lust after evil things, as they also lusted." Then 
Paul goes on to tell of the things that displeased 
God: idolaters, fornicators, tempting Christ, murmur- 
ing. "Now all those things happened unto them for en- 
samples: and they are written for our admonition, upon 
whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let 
him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall . " 
The thought of balance comes forcibly again. The Lord 
does not give assurance without caution. When King 
Saul was little in his own eyes he pleased the Lord, 
but when he exalted himself and took his own way, the 
Spirit of the Lord departed from him. (I Samuel 15) 
Paul, speaking to the Romans concerning Israel (Romans 
11:20-22): "Well; because of unbelief they were bro- 
ken off, and thou stand est by faith . Be not high- 
minded, but fear: For if God spared not the natural 
branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee. Be- 
hold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on 
them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, 
if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also 
shalt be cut off." 

Jesus says; "Come unto me, all ye that labour and 
are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my 
yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and low- 
ly in heart; and ye shall find rest unto your souls. 
For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." (Matthew 
11:28-30) Yes, the early Christian martyrs found His 
yoke easy and burden light as they died a martyr's 
death, singing their victory songs as they died. The 
true Christian throughout history and even today finds 


His grace sufficient. May we always remember what 
Jesus said in John 15s 5, "I am the vine, ye are the 
branches: He that abide th in me, and I in him, the 
same bringeth forth much fruit : for without me ye can 
do nothing . n Also Jesus says in John 3:5: ". . . Ex- 
cept a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he can- 
not enter into the kingdom of God." 

Our God is a reasonable God. He doesn't expect 
more of us than what He gives strength and power to 
perform. "He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not 
his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in 
him. But. whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is 
the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we 
are in him." (I John 2: 4-* 5 ) n So likewise ye, when ye 
shall have done all those things which are commanded 
you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done 
that which was our duty to do." (Luke 17:10) "For by 
grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of 
yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest 
any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, 
created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God 
hath before ordained that we should walk in them. " 
(Ephesians 2:8-10) By Jesus shedding His precious 
blood on the cross, -He did for us what we could not 
do for ourselves, nis grace saves us. Solvation 
comes to us by accepting Him as Saviour and lord. 

One condition of salvation is found in Matthew 6: 
14,15: "For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your 
heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye for- 
give not men their "trespasses, neither will your 
Father forgive yout trespasses." Hebrews 1 1 : 6 says; 
"But without faith it is impossible to please him: 
for he that ccmeth to God must believe that he is, 
and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek 
him." James 2:20 says: "But wilt thou know-, vain 
man, that faith without works, is dead?" 

itfow the Bible is like a jigsaw puszle in that all 
the pieces must be put. in their proper places to get 
the true picture. Praise the Lord, He has sent His 
Holy Spirit to be our Guide and Comforter. (Caution, 
there are many spirits gone out into the world. ) 


Galatians 5:1 6 says: "This I say then, Walk in the 
Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh!' 
Galatians 6:7-9: "Be not deceived ; God is not mocked: 
for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 
For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh 
reap" corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit 
shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. And let us 
not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall 
reap, if we faint not . 11 Romans 8:12-14: "Therefore, 
brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live 
after the flesh. For if ye live after the flesh, ye 
shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the 
deeds of the body, ye shall live. For as many as are 
led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God." 
May our lives be yielded to Him Who loved us and died 
for us. 

Written in love for the truth, 
Kenneth Garber 
Hughson, California 


Twenty-five year old King Hezekiah watched with in- 
terest as the workmen straightened and strengthened 
the massive doors of tne. temple in Jerusalem. The 
craftsmen were preparing them for the gold sheets that 
would cover them and maize once a^ain a fitting en- 
trance to the house of God.* Inside the temple there 
was also much activity. Under Hezekiah^ direction 
the temple was to be reopened and cleaned and prepared 
for worship after years of disuse. 

Hezekiah had been established as king less than a 
month before. The death of Ahas his father had ended 
a sixteen year period of ungodliness for Judah. Ahaz 
had a long list of sins on his record besides closing 
and defiling the temple. II Chronicles 28:2-4 re- 
cords his wrongdoings: "For he walked in the ways of 
the kings of Israel, and made also molten images for 
Baalim. Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of 

^Inferred from II Chronicles 29 :3 and II Kings 18:1 6 


the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire, 
after the abominations of the heathen whom the Lord 
had cast out before the children of Israel." 

Hezekiah resolved to change this. As his father 
had led Judah into sin, so he would turn them back to 
God. The Levites would cleanse and prepare the tem- 
ple and they would once again offer their burnt of~ 
ferings to God* After this was done, Hezekiah in- 
vited all of Israel also from Ephraim and Manasseh 
north to Zebulon to come to Jerusalem to celebrate 
the passover. They were too late to celebrate it in 
the first month, but they decided to hold it in the 
second month, feeling, no doubt, that it would be 
better late than not at all. 

Hezekiah 1 s messengers speeded the invitation to 
the tribes in the north. Some laughed and mocked, 
but others accepted gratefully. A multitude assem- 
bled at Jerusalem to keep this belated feast. They 
came enthusiastically but perhaps hastily and igno- 
rantly: many of them were not prepared — ". . . had 
not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the pass- 
over otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah 
prayed for them, saying, The good Lord pardon every 
one That prepareth his heart to seek God, the Lord 
God of his fathers, though he be not cleansed accord- 
ing to the purification of the sanctuary. And the 
Lord hearkened to Hezekiah, and healed the people." 
(II Ghronicles 30:18-20) 

We can learn several lessons from this account of 
a faithless king and a faithful one. First, how impor- 
tant it is that the leaders serve God! Here is prov- 
en the fact that if the king is ungodly, the people 
will tend to follow him. If he is faithful, this in 
turn encourages his 1 people to righteousness. 

becond, how important it is that our hearts be 
right. Here was a multitude of people observing the 
passover feast a month late, and many of them not 
physically prepared for this sacred celebration. But 
they had prepared their hearts to seek God . 

Third, how good and gracious God is! We see Him 
here, even in the time of the law, dealing graciously 


with His people — accepting them not according to the 
letter, but according to the preparation of the heart. 
How much more in tnis day of grace, since Jesus died 
to atone for our sins, will God accept us if we pre- 
pare our hearts. 

The preparation of the heart cannot be overempha- 
sized. We need to obey our Lord and offer Him our 
lives and our physical strength. But most of all we 
must prepare our hearts. God looks on the heart. (I 
Samuel 16:7) n For if our heart condemn us, God is 
greater than our heart, and knoweth all things." (I 
John 3:20) Jesus says we must forgive from our hearts. 
He says, "Blessed are the pure in heart. . . fr Jeremiah 
17:10 says, "I the Lord search the heart,- I try the 
reins, even to give every man according to his ways, 
and according to the fruit of his doings." — L*G. 


Pictures on the window 

Painted by Jack Frost,.. ►. 
Coming at the midnight, 
With the moon are lost; 
Here a row of fir trees 
Standing straight and tall; 
There a rapid river 
And a waterfall. 

Here a branch of coral 
From the briny sea 
There a weary traveler 
Resting f neath a tree ; 
Here a grand old iceberg, 
Floating slowly on 
There a mighty forest 
Of the torrid zone. 

Here a swamp all tangled-- 
Rushes, ferns, and brake; ■ 
There a rugged mountain 
Here a little lake, 


Then a breath, the lightest 
Floating in the air, 
Jack Frost catches quickly 
And imprints it there* 

And thus you are painting 

Little children, too, 

On your life ! s fair window 

Always something new; 

But your little pictures 

Will not pass away, 

Like those Jack Frost 1 s fingers 

Paint each winter day. 

Each kind word or action 
Is a picture bright; 
Every duty mastered 
Is lovely in the light; 
But each thought of anger, 
Every word of strife, 
Blemishes the picture, 
Stains the glass of life. 

Then be very careful 
Every day and hour 
Lest unseemly touches 
Trace your window o'er; 
Let the lines be always 
Made by kindness bright— - 
Paint your glass with pictures 
Of the true and right. 

Selected by Mary Ellen Lavy 


We, the members of the eastern district of the Old 

Brethren, have appointed a lovefeast and communion for 

the 23rd and 24th of May at the Wakarusa meeting house. 

The Lcrd willing, we are looking forward to a time of 

sweet fellowship and feeding upon His Word. A hearty 

invitation is extended to all of our brethren, sisters, 

and friends. n . 

— Melvin Coning 




About five years after the organization of the 
Brethren at Swartzenau in 170S they were presented 
with forty questions examining the validity of their 
doctrine and particularly their baptism. These were 
composed by Eberhard Louis Gruber who was a pietist 
and later the leader of the Community of True Inspira- 
tion. This group organized In the same area and soon 
after the Brethren. Their zealous activity along with 
the Increase in the church of the Brethren drew atten- 
tion from the authorities and resulted in the Breth- 
ren's being forced to leave the area. 

The questions will reveal some of the difference in 
these two new and active groups. We reprint here only 
selections from the forty questions with their answers. 
These may all be found In European Origins of the 
Brethren, pages 325-344-j by Donald Durnbaugh. — L.G. 


In God Beloved Friends and Fellow Pilgrims: 

There have been several persons who have desired a 
somewhat more definite explanation and report about 
your new baptism and church fellowship, especially 
since that which has been said or even written about 
it. from time to time has still left them in great un- 
certainty. In order to learn about your opinion more 
thoroughly and accurately and thereby dispel any fur- 
ther doubt in regard to it, these candid and herewith- 
presented questions are submitted to you. We expect 
your clear and frank answers upon these soon. 


Dear Friends: 

You have requested from us in love our motives. 
The Apostle Peter teaches believers (I Peter 3:15) 
that they must always be ready to give an answer to 
anyone who calls them to account for the hope that is 
in them. For these reasons, we have not been able to 
evade this, but rather have very briefly answered 


these submitted questions in a simple fashion with 
frankness in love and in the certainty of faith. We 
wish to leave them to your examination before God, 

QUESTION 1 : Do you maintain that for over one 
thousand years there has been no true and genuine bap- 
tism, and, consequently, no true church on earth? 

ANSWER: We maintain and believe that at all times 
God has had His church which observed the true baptism 
and ordinances. This was, however, always hidden from 
the unbelievers and often consisted of but few members. 
Despite this, the gates of hell could never prevail 
against the church of the Lord Jesus. It can also be 
proved from the histories that God has caused His or- 
dinances to be revealed as a witness to the unbeliev- 
ers at all times. 

QUESTION 3; Did, then, the church of God here on 
earth completely cease to exist during the time that 
the early ordinance of baptism was no longer observed? 

ANSWER; If the early ordinance of baptism had 
ceased to exist, then, of course, the church of Christ 
would also have ceased to exist. Even if there had 
been souls here and there who lamented the great apos- 
tasy, they could not have been called a church. How- 
ever, we believe, and it can also be shown from the 
ancient histories, that the early form of baptism as 
ordained by the ordinance of Christ has never ceased 
to exist. Consequently, the church has likewise never 
ceased to exist, even if there were but few members. 

QUESTION 7: Are you not compelled to recognize and 
admit that in that particular case (baptism) a direct 
divine calling is necessary and required for the re- 
establishment, just as well as for its first institu- 
tion, which calling, according to the testimony of the 
Scriptures and the general confessions, has always 
been present at such great reformations of the church? 

ANSWER: We do indeed believe that a direct calling 
and impelling by the Spirit of God is necessary for 
the practicing of the teachings of Christ. That, how- 
ever, this calling must be confirmed and manifested 
before men by signs or miracles, we will not presume 


to dictate to God. If the calling is of God, it is 
sufficient, whether men believe it or not. This must 
be left up to the individual. 

QUESTION 8: Can any one of you stand up who is 
willing to state, upon his conscience and responsibil- 
ity in the hour of his death and on the Day of Judg- 
ment, that he had received such a direct calling from 
God to re-establish the ordinance of baptism which was 
so long neglected, and with, it to form an entirely new 
church of Ghrist here on earth such as has not existed 
since the time of the apostles and the early Christian^ 

ANSWER: When the Pharisees sent from Jerusalem and 
asked John whether he was the Ghrist or a prophet be- 
cause he was baptising, he answered: "I baptize you 
with water (for repentance), but among you stands one 
whom you do not know; he will baptize you with the 
Holy Spirit and with fire" (John 1:26; Matthew 3:11). 
We likewise say in simplicity that we baptize in water 
only upon faith in Christ, who lets Bis voice be heard 
in the hearts of men in these days. Oh, if we would 
only follow Him and would know Him rightly, He would 
be the only one, and remain so forever, who shall es- 
tablish, sanctify, and cleanse a church in this time 
with the "washing of water with the word" (Ephesians 
5:26). No man would dare to appropriate this for him- 
self or declare before men that he was sent by God to 
establish a church, but he would gladly leave the hon- 
or to God. Even though God may use some as special 
instruments for this, they only need to be tested 
whether they are sent by God, as John says (3:34): 
"For he whom God has sent utters the words of God." 

The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will fye 
held, the Lord willing, on June 5, 6, & 7 at the Salida 
(Calif.) meeting house. Friday will be council day; on 
Saturday and Sunday (Pentecost), public preaching; and 
on Saturday evening, the Communion service. A hearty 
invitation and welcome is extended to all our members 
and friends to attend. —Joseph L. Cover 



What comes to your mind when you think about things 
that are strong? Strong animals, like elephants? 
Strong people, like Samson or Goliath? 

The Bible talks about the strength of oxen and the 
strength of horses. When we watch a horse galloping 
across a pasture we marvel that its .legs can be strong 
enough to carry such a heavy animal so easily — it 
looks like the horse is just flowing over the field, 
almost like water. 

Some of the strongest things of God's creation are 
very small. A beetle was observed pulling a load 120 
times its own weight. Gould you drag something weigh- 
ing three tons? An ordinary flea, less than 1/2 Qth of 
an inch tall, can jump thirteen inches high, or over 
300 times his own height. That would compare to a per- 
son jumping over something a quarter of a mile high, 
such as thirteen 100- foot silos stacked on top of each 
other. You have probably seen little black ants carry- 
ing loads much bigger than themselves. 

The Bible says that "The glory of young men is their 
strength." But as Christian young men grow older, they 
learn that the strength of their bodies is not as im- 
portant as their spiritual strength. "Bodily exercise 
profiteth little" — that is, when compared to spiritual 
exercise. It is in his inward soul that the Christian 
runs and works, wrestles, struggles, and climbs. 

The Psalmist David wrote one time that God "delight- 
eth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not 
pleasure in the (strong) legs of a man*" But "The 
Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear Him." 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Bd. 
Tuolumne, Cali* 1 


VOL- 28 APRIL, 1981 NO. 4 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Behold the sacrificial Lamb, 

Suffering now for thee I 

Cruelly scorned, our Savior hangs, : 

Cursed upon the tree; 

Forsaken both of God and man, 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

Unfathomed pain has" He endured! - .;* 

How can we view the scene? 

Behold His matchless love outpoured! ■/ 

What can this mock 1 ry mean? . 

What can it mean? What can it mean? 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

He bears alone His awful grief. 
How can He help their unbelief? 
Gould -He but prove He is their friend, 
/aid dies in innocence for them! 

wicked hearts! cruel deed — 

To crucify God f s Son! 

But such is sin and such is man — 

Alas, for I am one! 

Bid me to flee, Lord, to Thee, 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

He cries in anguish, "Eloi, 

Lama Sabacthani! ,f 

The earthquake rends the temple's veil 

And darkness, veils the sky. 

What does this awful hour hold? 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 

Jiis mother watches from below; 
Her heart cannot His anguish know. 
His dearest friends, afar, afraid. 
View Him, their Lord, in shame displayed. 

Now "It is finished!" hear Him cry. 

The noble spirit fled, 

His body hanging on the nails, 

Our Savior joins the dead. 

The Son of han by man is slain! 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

The One Who healed a thousand souls 

His own life did not save. 

They take His body from the cross 

And lay it in the grave. 

Is this our hope forever fled? 

Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

The tomb will not confine the dead. 
Three days will find, as Jesus said, 
The resurrected Son of Man 
Alive upon the earth again! 

mystery and power of God! 

1 do not understand. 
Is this the prophets' vision sealed, 
Revealed at last to man? 
Will we receive, repent, believe? 
Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

Let ev'ry sinner now rejoice 
And, weeping, come to Christ! 
Nothing but holy lives will prove 
We claim the sacrifice. 
From sin we flee to follow Thee, 
Lamb of God, Lamb of God. 

—Stanley Brubaker 



The darkest day in the history of the world was the 
day Jesus was crucified. It should not have been so. 
Springtime had come to the Judaean hills. Children played, 
birds sang, and lambs leaped on the grassy slopes in the 
bright sunshine. The flowers blooming, the trees leafing 
out, the sun shining more hours, all told that the time 
of dormant winter was past. 

Why then was that spring day rated as the darkest day 
in history? It was dark because of sin; Satan's work in 
God T s creation was climaxing; the boil of selfishness and 
deceit was coming to an ugly head. Jesus came as the 
Light of the world. But, as He said, "...Men loved dark- 
ness rather than light, because their deeds were evil." 

That dark day at Passover time in Jerusalem began {as 
Jewish days do) the evening before* In the upper room 
Jesus ate a quiet last supper with His disciples before 
He suffered. As the sun went down and darkness settled 
over the city, it was not dark in that upper room; in fact, 
that light shone around the world and down the centuries 
of time as Jesus gave His chosen ones His instructions and 
promises. But there was one dark heart in Judas where 
Satan entered; he went out, u and it was night*" 

More dark hearts joined and moved together to put out 
the light as they betrayed, arrested, and condemned Jesus. 
Through the dark night was fulfilled Isaiah 50:6; "I gave 
my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked 
offthe hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting." 

Even the dawning day and the bright sunshine could not 
shatter the darkness that continued to increase as more 
were influenced to lift their voices against their Eternal 
King. Back and forth they led Him — to Pilate, to Herod, 
to Pilate again — demanding that He be crucified. The weak 
ruler washed his hands and yielded; darkness prevailed; 
the cross was placed on Jesus. "And he bearing his cross 
went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which 
is called in the Hebrew Golgotha; Where they crucified 
him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus 
in the midst." (John 19:17,18) 

As Jesus suffered for the sins of the world, darkness 


continued to increase. The sun refused to light the 
final three hours of the scene; the earth answered with 
quaking and rending of rocks. 

"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" We won- 
der at these words of "the dying Saviour. Did the Father 
have to turn His back so the Son could die? Did our 
righteous God turn from His Son because of the curse of 
sin that He bore in our place? We don't know. But we 
do know that the Word reveals the harmony and love be- 
tween Father and Son. "I and my Father are one." (John 
10*30) "Therefore doth my Father love me, -because I lay 
iown my life, that I might take it again." (John 10:17) 
r 'For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt 
thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." (Ps. 16:10 ) 

From that dark hour, God brought the brightest light 
when Jesus rose from the dead. Never think that God can 
be defeated by darkness. "For God who commanded the 
light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, 
to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God 
iii the face of Jesus Christ." (II Cor. 4:6) Consider 
how He could change the hearts of Paul, the Philippian 
jailer, the heathen of Asia, Greece, Rome (and ours). 
He used dark; Calvary to bring salvation. Many of our 
best hymns were written by men who turned from deepest 
darkness to truth. One such, composed by a former bitter 
antagonist of the Church, was "Gome Ye Sinners Poor and 
Needy." The tune for this hymn (We use it to "Jesus, 
Grant Us All a Blessing.") was written by an atheist 
for an opera. The opera is forgotten, but this part 
lives on as a Christian melody. 

God can change the darkness in human lives to bright- 
est day if those lives are yielded to Him. And the 
light of the Resurrection of Jesus will shine forever, 
"....The darkness is past, and the true light now shine th." 

— L.C. 


We of the Salida Congregation rejoiced with the angels 
when another precious soul, Rosanna Cover, was received 
into our fellowship on March 29 by a public confession 
of faith in Jesus Christ and Holy Baptism. 

— Joseph L. Cover 



"Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the wa- 
ters, and he that hath no money, come ye, buy, and 
eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and 
without price." (Isaiah 55:1) 

The above verse gives the essential starting point 
for our subject* Without a desire to feast upon that 
which is so freely offered — the Word of life — we have 
not yet come to life; or perhaps we have fallen a- 

For this article, I would like to use the word 
alive in its meaning of being sensitive (to God's 
commands) and acting vigorously (upon our knowledge 
of those commands). This is in contrast to a "Do as 
has 'always 1 been done 11 policy, or dutifully fulfill- 
ing the letter, wherein is death. 

He who is alive will be serving, and this to the 
best of his ability and knowledge. At the same time 
he will be seeking fuller understanding. He is aware 
however, that fuller understanding and greater ability 
don't come tc one who is neglectful of what he already 
has and knows. 

Neglectful. What a solemn sound this word has! 
hay we be diligent that it never describes our 
Christian life. If we fail to enter a bill in our 
records, the bookkeeping is garbled from thereon. We 
know that the One Who is keeping a book on us is ac- 
curate. Let us serve Him with godly fear. 

Service Is not something which we try to slip into 
an already-full schedule. "Seek ye first the kingdom 
of God, and his righteousness; and all these things 
shall be added unto you." (Matthew 6:33) 

The man who is alive and serving will know self- 
sacrifice. As we just- implied, our lives could be 
filled with self-centered dreams, ideas, and plans; 
life would be too short to get them all accomplished. 
Should this bother us? What do we seek first? look 
at Paul; "... not seeking mine own profit, but the 
profit of many . . . " (I Corinthians 10:33,; 

Being alive takes effort, for we are fighting the 


controller of the carnal man's slothful nature. It 
takes effort (a tremendous amount for some) to speak 
even casually to a stranger met at church, during our 
business, or wherever. It takes effort to leave our 
familiar chair to visit the lonely. It has taken ef- 
fort for many in the past to risk their necks to help 
the distressed in various ways. (Matthew 25 : 35 ? 3&) 

Being alive enables us to serve unnoticed. While 
we will want to join others in doing our share and 
more on group projects, we will not neglect a labor 
simply because it is in a corner where it may come to 
no one's attention. We need the self-effacing mind of 
Ghrist, desiring only that He be seen in us. 

Service requires time. We may look at others and 
wish that we would have as much time as they do to 
help other people, visit various ones, and engage in 
such other non-material activities as the Bible would 
teach us are right. Well, the amount of time in a day 
is given equally to us all. Though it is obvious that 
each person is placed in his own peculiar situation in 
life, surely we can fulfill all of God's commands, not 
Just in providing for ourselves or our own households . 

There is another attitude toward time and service 
which, at a glance, may seem to be commendable. Ac- 
tually, it is self -centered. Are we so busy with a 
noble work that we resent anyone or anything else that 
makes a demand upon us? "Sorry," we say. "Can't you 
see I r m already busy serving God?" 

"Depart from me, t ye cursed, . . . Your motives were 
selfish, just a way ; to escape doing what you didn't 
want to do. By claiming to serve Me, you allovv r ed no 
one to touch your life; neither were you willing to 
wholly give of yourself." 

Here is still another angle to consider on the time 
factor. The man who is alive will be pressed for time. 
He won't have time for poor reading material, idle 
conversation with his acquaintances, fussing with his 
appearance, house, vehicles, and so forth until every- 
thing is "just perfect", cultivating strong friendships 
with unbelievers, allowing every ache and pain to side- 
line him, getting offended once a week and brooding 


over it for two, and any number of time-wasters you 
have probably met. 

"Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not 
bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? 
hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is 
good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness." 
(Isaiah 55:2) 

Have we been feeding upon bread, or is it candy? 
Let us strive to partake of that food which is avail- 
able "without money and without price", the "Bread of 
heaven". We have the goal and the Helper. May it not 
be said of us, "He feasted on the wind." 

— David Royer 
Goshen, Indiana 


Someone wrote about discouragement; "This then is 
the true miracle, that when our poor life has been 
driven to a point from which there seems to be no es- 
cape, God has shown an opening in the rock, or a way 
through the deep: and we who expect to perish, be- 
cause the way has ended, have been enabled to enter 
upon larger liberties." 

I have often heard that discouragement is one of 
Satan's best tools to use on God's children. The more 
I think on this, the more I believe it. If we could 
only have a stronger faith in the Lord, I am sure this 
wouldn't be as much of a battle. When we are discour- 
aged, it is hard to see the clear side to what we are 
troubled about. I am thankful God is always willing 
and ready to help lift us out of the miry clay — if we 
are willing to ask. 

"Ye faithful saints, fresh courage takej 

The clouds ye so much dread 
Are big with mercy, and will break 
With blessings, on your head." 

In my life I am ashamed to think how easily I have 
been discouraged, especially in our church group. But 


when I stop and analyze the problem, the whole thing 
is self . If only we could put self out of the way! 
This natural man wants things done our way. If not, 
then we can find all kinds of faults; then we cannot 
see tne good to what was done. I know I have missed 
many a blessing because of finding fault instead of 
going ahead and doing my share to make things work. 
I think if we would remember Jesus and how He taught 
to give thanks for all things - we wculdn*t find as 
much fault. Wot only are we finding fault, but we 
are tearing others apart. We say things and do 
things to hurt others. Lord, keep us from doing this! 

As I go through life, it seems the things that I 
can remember most are when we are given illustrations. 
The other evening when visiting with a brother, he 
brought a new thought: In the animal kingdom, when 
we see chickens picking at each other and hogs biting 
and chewing on each other, they are lacking an ingre- 
dient in their diet. Likewise, when we as brethren 
and sisters pick and tear apart, we are lacking a 
vital ingredient; the true love of Christ * 

Oftentimes we hear of some tiling that may take 
place, and right away we are ready to fight back , 
host of these times, if we would only pray and keep 
pushing onward, these things we, are troubled about 
would never come about- So many times I am like 
Peter, when he was walking on the water — I take my 
eyes off Jesus. That is when I begin to sink. 

As I mentioned earlier, are we building a strong 
faith in the Lord, or are we tearing others apart? 
This is a serious matter. In I Timothy 5 : 1 3> "And 
withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from 
house to house- and not only idle, but tattlers also 
and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not." 

Many times in my down times I think people are not 
treating me like they should. But really, when I can 
stop and clearly see the problem, I am not treating 
others the way I should. Our mind is a funny thing; 
actually, we can think a thing into existence. I have 
heard it said that we are only what we think we are. 
I can believe this. Proverbs 18:24 tells us, _ 1f A J$an 


that hath friends must shew himself friendly. . . " 

Here is a poem I found in a book I would like to 
share with you. This is especially the way I feel: 
it isn't the Church, it's me. 


If you want to have the kind of a Church 

Like the kind of a Ghurch you like, 

You needn't slip your clothes in a grip 

And start on a long, long hike. 

You'll only find what you left behind, 

For there's nothing really new; 

It's a knock at yourself when you knock your Church, 

It isn't the Church — it's you . 

When everything seems to be going wrong, 

iind trouble seems everywhere brewing; 

When prayer meeting, young people's meeting, and 


Seems simmering slowly — stewing, 

Just look at yourself and say, 

"What's the use of being blue?" 

Are you doing your "bit" to make things "hit"? 

It isn't the Church — it's you . 

It's really strange sometimes, don't you know, 

That things go as well as they do, 

When we think of trie little — the very small mite — 

We add to the work cf the few. 

We sit, and stand 'round, and complain of what's 

And do very little but fuss. 

Are we bearing our share of the burdens to bear? 
It isn't the Church — it's us. 

So if you want to have the kind of a Church 

Like trie kind of a Church you like, 

Put off your guile, and put on your best smile, 

And hike, my brother, just hike, 

To the work in hand that has to be done — 

To the work of saving a few. 


It isn't the Church that is wrong, my boy; 
It isn't the Church — It's you , 

(poem selected) 

— Everett Oyier 
New Paris, Indiana 

LIFE ... A3 A VAPOUR. . . 

We so often hear someone say, "We -live just one day 
at a time," but I wish to share an experience of some 
time ago with you. 

As I watched my mother's health deteriorate, I so 
often thought of It as living one day at a time. . . 
but then came thoughts and experiences along the way 
which changed my thinking. V/e were brought to face 
reality of how our life may be of much less years than 
we think it to be, especially if we are very young in 
age — and we have no guarantee! 

We know, with a new morning, God has spared our 
life and given us a new day. How thankful we should 
be! We are given a choice whom we shall serve, and 
God is asking so very little from us. I plead with 
all to choose God and Kis way, for He will last 
throughout all Eternity. . . . 

As time passed, my mother's condition changed and 
1 thought, "No, we don't live one day at a time, after 
all." We only have "moment by moment", but then came 
"one breath at a time", and during the precious time 
at her bedside, long after breath was gone and we 
could see no sign of. life any more, a nurse told us, 
"There still is a heartbeat— it is faint, but it is 
there," We waited so long in silence, prayer, and 
meditation, -and then we faced the words of the kind 
nurse who glanced' up at us and said, "Well, that's 
it!" And she left the room quickly and quietly. 

Just a heartbeat! Yes, that was all! Only a 
heartbeat between us and Eternity! Do we realize the 
seriousness of life? We do not know when our heart- 
beat will stop, but God knows. 


When a loved one passes from us, we call it death, 
but God calls it life (for the believer ). . . 

Do we fear the time when "our" heartbeat will stop? 
Our life is as even a vapour, but we need have no 
fear. A dear sister helped me so much as she looked 
at my mother ! s worsening condition as a "precious 
time". I had mixed emotions and wondered, "How can 
THIS be precious?" But this was still in the early 
stages and I soon knew I had much learning and growing 
to do. Yes, it really WAS a very precious time! 

I will admit, it is not pleasant to watch a body 

fail in health. It is easy to take good health for 

granted — as though it is "expected" — but we should 

often thank God for the wonderful blessings He gives 

to us. And I do believe good health is a wonderful 

gift from God and truly a blessing. I do trust we 

will not wait until health may fail before we fully 

appreciate all that is given to us from God. Until 

our life draws to a closing on this earth, let us be 

thankful for each heartbeat God gives us and live for 


— ieona wilier 

MiWuk, C alifornia 


We, the members of the eastern district of the Old 
Brethren, have appointed a love feast and communion for 
the 23rd and 24th of May at the Wakarusa meeting house. 
The Lord willing, we are looking forward to a time of 
sweet fellowship and feeding upon His Word. A hearty 
invitation is extended to all of our brethren, sisters, 
and friends. -Melvin Coning 

The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will be 

held, the Lord willing, on June 5, 6, & 7 at the Salida 

(Calif.) meeting house. Friday will be council day; on 

Saturday and Sunday (Pentecost), public preaching; and 

on Saturday evening, the Communion service. A hearty 

invitation and welcome is extended to all our members 

and friends to attend. 

Joseph L. Cover 






QUESTION 11: Is water baptism so absolutely neces- 
sary that positively no one can be saved without it, 
no matter how holy and irreproachable his belief and 
life are otherwise? 

ANSWER; We believe and profess that in the Old and 
New Testaments blessing and salvation are promised 
only to the faithful. We can see the way in which the 
faithful have been minded and disposed at all times 
in the believing Abraham, the father of all the faith- 
ful. He was obedient to God in everything, and there- 
fore obtained the promise because of his living faith 
which effected works of obedience.- Hence, we believe 
that if a man lives in a holy and perfect way, and his 
life is effected by true faith in Christ, it will in- 
deed be easier for him to have faith to be obedient to 
water baptism than it was for Abraham to sacrifice his 

When, however, this person still argues with his 
God, saying, "Of what use is this water for me?" this 
n holy life" is nothing but self- righteousness. Man 
sueks to establish it as did the Jews, about whom Paul 
speaks (Romans 10:9,10). No salvation is promised to 
such selfish holiness. Christ is the fulfillment of 
the Law. Whoever believes in Him Is justified. Faith 
in Christ produces obedience and submission to all of 
His words and commandments. 

QUESTION 12: Does not the principal passage of 
Mark 16:1 6 prove the very contrary, where Jesus pru- 
dently says: n . . .he who does not believe (not he 
who is not baptized) will be condemned"? 

ANSWER: We do indeed believe and profess that eter- 
nal life is not promised because of baptism, but only 
tl rough faith in Christ (John 3:15,18). Why should a 
believer not wish to do the will of Him in whom he be- 
lieves? If it is the will of Christ that a believer 


should be baptized, then it is also the will of the 
believer. If he thus wills and believes as Christ 
wills, he is saved, even if it were impossible for him 
to receive baptism. Abraham was willing to sacrifice 
his son Isaac, but it did not happen; the son was not 
sacrificed. Yet obedience was fulfilled, and the 
blessing was received. Therefore, a believer who de- 
sires to be baptized, but oannot obtain it because of 
necessity — -like the criminal on the cross — is still 

If, however, a man does not desire to be baptized, 
he is rightly to be judged as unbelieving and disobe- 
dient, not because of the baptism, but because of his 
unbelief and disobedience. Christ has rightly said, 
u He who believes . . . " (Mark 16: 16). If He had made 
salvation dependent on the water, men would be much 
more willing to be baptized, and retain their own will 
in other things. The Antichrist does this in assign- 
ing salvation to the water only, although the person 
lives otherwise as he pleases. 

QUESTION 14: How can you prove that John the Bap- 
tist was himself baptized, for he said to Christ 
(Matthew 3:H): T, I need to be baptized b^ you, and do 
you come to me?" Or was he perhaps saved by a special 

ANSWLR; Many questions could be asked in the same 
way: Where were Peter and John baptized, or where was 
this or that saint of the Old Covenant circumcised? 
More questions might be raised than would tend to ed- 
ification toward God in faith. Paul records (I Tim- 
othy 1;4) that there were even men who concerned .them- 
selves with endless genealogies. Nevertheless, we 
will also answer this in patience. John was indeed 
willing to be baptized by Christ, and desired this. 
We ascribe salvation to this faith, according to Scrip- 
ture, and not to baptism. Even though it does not 
state explicitly in the Scriptures' that he was bap- 
tized, at any rate it does say that he did not' despise 
baptism. In addition, John will not be found among 
those who say, "Oh, of what use is water baptism for 
me?" Rather, he showed his obedience to Christ, as 


Abraham showed his obedience to God In the offering 
of his son. The son was not sacrificed, yet the obe- 
dience was fulfilled. 

QUESTION 16: Does not the commandment of baptism 
apply also to children, as did the commandment of cir- 
cumcision in the Old Covenant? Consequently are not 
children in danger of forfeiting their salvation as 
long as they are not baptized? Also, will they not 
be damned if they die without baptism? 

ANSWER; Just as circumcision did not concern child- 
ren before the eighth day — to have circumcised before 
that time would have even been a violation of circum- 
cision — the baptism commanded of believers does not 
concern children before they are able to profess their 
faith. The eighth day of circumcision is a prefigura- 
tion of this. 

QUESTION 17: Were children damned in the Old 
Covenant who died without having received circum- 
cision? If so, how are the comforting words of David 
^11 Samuel 12:23) to be understood which he spoke a- 
bout his child conceived with Bathsheba that died on 
the seventh day? 

ANSWER: The children who died before the eighth 
day had violated the commandment of circumcision as 
little as the female infants who were not circumcised 
at all, which did not hinder their salvation in any 
way. Enoch led a godly life, attained many hundred 
years, and was not circumcised; yet he was obedient 
to God, for that was' not demanded of him. This is the 
way of God f s commandments: where there is no law, 
there is no violation; where there is no violation, 
there is no punishment. 

QUESTION 18: At what age then are the children to 
be baptized? Is it not proper to use all diligence to 
help them to be baptized as early as at all possible, 
even in their infancy? 

ANSWER: Children are to be presented to the Lord 
Jesus in prayer, but baptism should be delayed until 
they are able to prove and profess their faith. This 
may be considered the "eighth day" or the first day of 


the new creation of a person. If they were to be bap- 
tized in their state of ignorance, it would be as if 
the Jews had practiced circumcision before the eighth 
day. This would have been a violation of circumcision 
rather than an obedient act. 

From Europea n Origins of the Brethren 
By Donald F. Durnbaugh, pages 330-334 


One year of school has been completed 
Of working, of laughter, and fun; 
One year of lessons with Teacher, 
And vacation will soon have begun. 

One year of math, reading, and spelling, 
And how God created the earth, stars, and sun; 
Our teacher taught us that good Christian living 
Is shown in more ways than one. 

We must work together right willingly; 

In play we must always be fair. 

For it is God we are serving; 

By our actions we show if we care. 

We are thankful for what our teachers have taught 

They deserve much more than they've earned; 
"Christian schools" can produce "Christian- children" 
If we but practice the good things we have learned. 

Then let us all work for our Master, 
Sing praises to His Holy Name. 
And no one can, ever say about us, 
Our labors have all been in vain. 

— Ruth Flora.;... 
Nappanee, Indiana 

BOWSER - A daughter, Hannah Marie, born March 29th to 
Arnold and Rachel Bowser of Goshen, Indiana. 



What is more pleasant than a quiet walk on a bright 
spring morning? All nature ■ -seems alive and busy. But 
did you ever stop to think what it would be like if 
God had not given you five wonderful senses? 

Without gight all would be dark— as black as before 
the creation. The bluebird, the green grass, even the 
brilliant sun would be nothing "to you. Without hearing 
the birds would be silent, the animals in the field 
unheard. And if you could not smell , the flowers would 
be empty and meaningless- If your sense of touch were 
missing, thorns would not be sharp, the rose T s velvety 
petals would not be soft. Without taste the wild, gar- 
lic, the spearmint leaves, even those tiny ripe wild 
strawberries would be flat and unsavored. 

Praise God that He gave us such wonderful ways to 
enjoy His world around us. But we would do well to 
remember that our five senses are only examples of 
spiritual senses that are even more precious— and more 
of a joy to the children of God. "0 taste and see that 
the Lord- is good," said the Psalmist. To David, God's 
judgments tasted "sweeter than honey and the honey- 
comb." John, the disciple Jesus loved, once wrote 
about Jesus as that "which we -have heard , which we have 
. s een with our eyes , which we have looked upon , and our 
h ands have handled , of the Word of Life." Although God 
it invisible, we xqust learn to "see" Him. He Is, silent 
but we must "hear" Him when He speaks. We must "lay 
hold on eternal life" and hang on tightly to things we 
cannot touch, "lest at any -time we should let them slip." 

May our spiritual senses be keen and clear. 

— Stanley Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 



NO. 5 

from fl 

eshly lusts 

1 beseech you as strangers and 
, which war against the soul." 







If you love, as My disciples, 
You will let your love appear; 
You will keep My words and precepts 
And will not deny Me here. 

You will shun all sin and evil 
And will learn to watch and pray; 
You will take the cross I give you 
And will bear it all the way. 

You will love and help each other 
And will walk in truth and light; 
You will look to Me in trouble 
And will know that all is right. 

You will be My true disciples 
And will dwell in peace and love; 
You will watch and. be in waiting 
Till I call you heme above. 

If you love Me, if you love Me, 
Keep the precepts that I give; 
Thus, in love, the Lord is speaking 
That the soul may hear and live. 

By E. A. Barnes 


is o religious magazine 



n the interests o 

f the 

members of the Old B 

rethren Church. 

Subscription rote: $2.00 per 


Sample copies 

sent free 

on request. 



Editor: Leslie C 


over; Consulting Editor: 

Daniel F. Wolf. 



One of the laws of science states, "For every ac- 
tion there is an equal and opposite reaction." This 
law is demonstrated in many of our activities. If you 
push your chair back from your desk you must push for- 
ward on the desk with the same amount of force it 
takes to move the chair back, A jet engine must 
thrust back with enough power to make the whole plane 
dove forward. The pad on the stock of a 12 guage 
shotgun is designed to protect your shoulder from the 
reaction when the ^un is fired. In fact, without this 
law our movements would be very different if not im- 

This principle seems to apply also in the Chris- 
tian's life — in the Church and in the home. Actions 
bring reactions — sometimes good and sometimes tragic. 
One person makes a statement or does something, and 
the ripples of reaction begin to form. The more dras- 
tic, new, or radical the statement or action, the more 
violent are the reactions following in the wake. 

In our home (like in most homes, I suppose) we are 
rather free to express ourselves. One makes a remark, 
perhaps about an event of the day. Instantly, several 
minds begin to weigh and test the statement and either 
counter it, pick it to pieces, or perhaps even uphold 
or verify it. But reactions there are. And the wild- 
er the statement, the more the picking and countering! 
Of course, much of this is in fun and provides a form 
of conversation and family entertainment. As long as 
love reigns, we can profit and enjoy it. But some- 
times the remark may carry a trace of insult, reproof, 
or accusation. Then the reactions are more heated and 
tempers can flare up, and there is strife and loss. 

This sort of thing can also happen in the Christian 
circle. Here it is most important that there be love. 


When we react unfavorably to another's position or 
remarks, sometimes we see how far we can turn in the 
opposite direction. We have an old cow that demon- 
strates this bit of nature. If you want "Maybe lie" 
to move over in the stall and give her a shove in the 
proper direction, she leans and steps toward you to 
counteract the shove. It actually works better to 
push her in the wrong direction! 

When we react like the cow and move in the opposite 
direction, it simply divides us farther apart instead 
of bringing us closer as Jesus desired when He prayed 
"that they may be one as we are." How much better it 
is when we see how much alike we can be — how many ways 
we believe alike and harmonize. 

Like other worthwhile accomplishments, this favor- 
able reaction takes positive effort on our part, for 
the "law" seems to favor the reaction opposite to the 
action. But the Spirit of love can make the differ- 
ence. Love serves as a pad to absorb the shock of 
the reaction. For someone we love we tend to yield 
and give them the "benefit of the doubt." We try our 
best to see the loved one ! s side of the picture and 
even make excuses for them. I Peter 4:8 says, "i^nd 
above all things have fervent charity among your- 
selves; for charity shall cover the multitude of sins J* 

A limited amount of difference of opinion among 
brethren can be healthy and broadening. By this we 
learn that we don't know all there is to know. We 
learn that those of different situations approach a 
subject differently, suven non- Christians recognize 
the need for tolerance and courtesy. One famous 
statement from our country's history goes, "I may not 
agree with what you say, but I will defend to the 
death your right to say it!" This, of course, would 
not hold true for ungodly and sinful men who sometimes 
must be silenced. 

Reactions take place in situations other than per- 
sonal relationships. Sometimes we react unfavorably 
against our training. Sometimes we rebel against our 
situation. We feel we need changes and something must 
be done. In these cases we must be sure to weigh true 


values and keep God ! s Word as our light and guide. 

The article on education in this issue points out 
an area in which we can react unfavorably. Most of 
us can see temptations and pitfalls In some higher 
education. When a young person enters a college or 
university with no goal or special purpose, he is wide 
open to deception from those promoting higher criti- 
cism, evolution, and rebellion against authority — not 
to mention the temptation of being away from home and 
friends and their restraints and wise counsel. How- 
ever, this does not mean that we should react and 
frown on all education and assign to it an unimpor- 
tant place in our activities. This would be "throw- 
ing out the baby with the bath water" and would be a 
harmful, negative reaction. 

Reactions can also be protection for us. When we 
hear wrong doctrine or deceptive statements, we 
should react by opposing It with all our might. Per- 
haps this seems contradictory to the tolerance recom- 
mended in this article. Here is where proper balance 
comes in* Here is where we must, by the Spirit and 
Word of God, discern and recognize the difference be- 
tween false doctrine and the varying opinions of good 
and honest brethren. 

May God help us to be subject one to another and 
unitedly take the sword of the Spirit which Is the 
Word of God and do battle with the issues of our time. 
May we not just react but act with purpose and faith 
in the lord Jesus Christ. — L.C. 


We pray, "Our Father Which art in Heaven". Do we 
really mean that and feel that He Is our Father and 
treat Him like one? If we are truly born again 
Christians we are children of His, and He is our 
Father. Do we treat our Father in heaven like we, as 
parents, want our children to treat us while they are 
at home and under our guidance and care? 

Do we show our Father that we love Him? If we love 
Him we will do what He asks of us and obey His holy 


Word and keep His commandments. Our children could 
tell us many times they love us, but it wouldn't mean 
very much if they never acted like it or obeyed us. 
We tell our children they are to obey us and listen 
to us regardless of what someone else might tell them. 
The Bible says not to believe anything different than 
God's Word even though an angel from heaven told us. 
(Galatians 1:8,9) 

Do we thank Him for all He has done for us? We 
like our children to thank us and show appreciation 
for the things we give them and do for them. God has 
given us so much and done so much for us. He sent His 
only Son to die on Calvary's cross for our sins. What 
love I He has called us and convicted us of our sins 
and has given us that wonderful peace by our accepting 
Him as Saviour. He gives us our daily food, clothing, 
a place to live and all the natural blessings we en- 
joy. Do we show appreciation to our Father and thank 
Him or just ask for more and are never satisfied? We 
wouldn't be very happy and want to give our children 
many things if they always complained when we gave 
them something and always wanted more. 

Do we talk to our Father each day and ask Him to 
guide us and include Him in our plans? We like our 
children to talk to us and include us in their plans, 
problems, etc. We should ask for our Father's guid- 
ance in our earthly plans as He can see the future 
better than we can see the past, and He never makes a 
mistake. It's a lot better when our children ask us 
if they can do something instead of telling us what 
they are going to do. We wouldn't like it if our 
children asked us if they could do something and we 
had to say "no" for their good, and they did it anyway. 
We need to ask our Father with an open mind (as He 
knows what is best for us) and let Him have His way. 
It's amazing how interested He is in even the small 
things in our lives and how He works things out, and 
we truly see His hand in it. 

Do we completely trust our Father? Our children 
don't worry about what they are going to eat, wear, 
etc. as that is the parents 1 concern, and they trust 
in their parents to provide. They help to provide the 


necessary things of life in doing what they can to 
help with the work. We are to work and apply our- 
selves but we aren't to worry about the tomorrows. 

Do we accept our Father's chastisement? We have 
to punish our children sometimes, even though it 
hurts us, because we love them and are interested in 
their behavior and their future well-being. We ex- 
pect our children to take the punishment humbly and 
not do the wrong again. The Bible says, "Whom the 
Lord loveth He chasteneth. " I believe when the 
Father chastens us He is tenderly looking down upon 
us and wanting us to take it meekly and humbly and 
try to do better in the future. 

Do we have that closeness to our Father? There is 
a special closeness between a parent and a child, and 
we should have it with our Father. Our children 
can't be picking or fussing with everyone and about 
everything or they don't have time or want to have 
that closeness with their parents. We need to feel 
love for each other and God; then we'll have the per- 
fect harmony to have the closeness that is so neces- 
sary, hay we feel that closeness to our Father and 
feel that we are truly children of His, and He careth 
for us. If we don't have that closeness, it's our 
fault because He is as close to us as we let Him come. 

hay we pray for each other and live so that God 
will accept us as children of His in that great judg- 
ment day. —Violet EL era 

Rio Verde, Goias, Brazil 


"Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your 
mouth. . . " (Ephesians 4:29) 

"If any man among you seem to be religious, and 
bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, 
this man's religion is vain." (James 1:26) 

"For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by 
thy words thou shalt be condemned." (Matthew 12:37) 

"For he that will love life, and see good days, 


let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips 
that they speak no guile. " (I Peter 3:10) 

I have actually heard members of the church say 
such things as "God", "Jesus Christ", "Lord", "Devil", 
"Hell", as bywords. We all, even the most unlearned, 
should know better. (Selector's note: I would like 
to add "Heavens" or "Heaven T s Sake". — F.J.M.) 

Most Christians, I am convinced, realize that It 
is wrong to use the name of God or Christ in vain. 
Most know that one must not curse or swear. But how 
often we hear members using questionable language. 
Many use expressions that belong to the world simply 
because they do not realize that there Is anything 
wrong with such things. Many of these expressions 
are euphemisms called "slang". 

EUPHEMISM — "A substitution cf an agreeable or non- 
offensive word or expression for one that is harsh, 
indelicate or otherwise unpleasant." (Websters New 
International Dictionary) 

Mow, let us notice some expressions that are quite 
common, some of which are often used by Christians. 
The definitions of these words are taken from the 
Websters New International Dictionary (Unabridged). 

GOSH— "A softened form of T God! ■ used as a mild 

GOLLY — "A euphemistic substitute for God." 

GEE— "A minced form of Jesus, used in mild oaths." 

DARN — Darnation, Darned — "Colloquial euphemisms 
for damn. " 

HECK — "An exclamation used in mild oaths. . ." 
(Actually, I am of the opinion that this word is a 
substitution for the word "hell". —P.O.N.) 

DAD — "A euphemistic corruption of God, in oaths." 

GUM— "In minced .oaths, a dialectal corruption of 

BLAST—". . . To effect with some sudden violence, 
plague, calamity, or blighting influence, which de- 
stroys or thwarts; to curse ruin. . ." 

These are but a few of the many words, the use of 
which should be stringently avoided by Christians. 
Let us be careful about taking up words and expression 


without knowing what they mean, "For by thy words thou 
shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be 
condemned. n 

PROFANITY — is the result of a limited mind trying 
to express itself. (Anonymous) 

By Paul 0. Nichols 
Selected by Fred Miller 


Why, really, does your school exist? Is it to meet 
the state requirements for school attendance? Or does 
it exist to provide for the welfare of your children? 

Recently a speaker at a school meeting stated that 
we would have school even if the state had no attend- 
ance laws. But later the school principal commented, 
,r I question if our people would have school apart from 
state requirement • n 

This set me thinking! Have we reacted to the high- 
er learning emphasis of the past by developing an anti- 
education mentality? Have we in an effort to turn 
from the dangers of higher learning actually swung to 
a position that minimises learning? 

Such an antieducation mentality Is expressed in a 
mere "get by ir attitude about a basic education. It 
views study as unmanly and weak. It regards schooling 
as something to be done only because the state re- 
quires it. It gives farm chores or other manual labor 
priority over school studies, allowing for school ab- 
sences for family work or interests. This attitude 
does not view the formal education of our children an 
important matter. 

This mentality eats at the very fibers of spiritual- 
ity. How do I come to faith? How do I grow in my 
Christian experience? How do I find the answers to 
life's problems? How? By study — a study of the 
Scriptures. But what if I have been influenced to 
minimize study and books? My antieducation attitude 
will stifle study of truth and that in turn will sti- 
fle spirituality. 


The Bible represents study as noble and right. 
"What made the Bereans more noble? They searched the 
Scriptures daily. They applied themselves to under- 
standing the written Word. 

The Bible also represents a basic education as nec- 
essary for Christian living. The very fact that God 
has given us His Word in written form assumes that He 
expects us to be educated to read, and to read in- 
telligently. The kind of study commanded in II Tim- 
othy 2:15 cannot be done without first having a basic 
education. The Scriptures depict the child of God as 
able to do business and other activities requiring a 
basic education. 

This is not to say that an illiterate person cannot 
be saved, or that one r s spirituality hinges on educa- 
tion. But a basic education is a valuable asset to 
Christian living. 

We should cultivate a wholesome attitude toward 
learning. Study should be regarded as noble and hon- 
orable. We ought to produce students that apply 
themselves to studying the Scriptures, church history, 
and other worthwhile studies after they leave the for- 
mal setting. We ought to produce students who not 
only educate themselves in the Scriptures but take an 
interest in understanding some of the things that are 
happening around them and take an interest in address- 
ing current church needs through literature. 

How do we promote such a wholesome attitude? 
Firstly, by upgrading our own appreciation for study 
as adults. Secondly, by making the getting of a basic 
education serious business. Thirdly, by insisting 
that our children remain in a formal school setting 
until they have sufficient self-discipline and appre- 
ciation for learning to pursue self-education on their 
own. Lastly, by challenging our teen-agers that are 
out of oohool to study the Scriptures, .history books, 
writings of spiritual church leaders, and so forth* 

Some immediately equate the emphasis of this arti- 
cle with the liberal educational emphasis of the past. 
But there is a marked difference. The past emphaqis 
pursued worldly curriculums and philosophies. The 
past emphasis urged continuing in a formal education 


beyond a basic education. But some things should not 
be studied by immature minds and there is a time to 
quit the formal aspect. The time never comes for us 
to stop studying the Scriptures. The time never comes 
for us to stop reading spiritual books* The time 
never comes for us to stop being students. 

Our attitude toward learning holds broader implica- 
tions than may be noticed at first. We must see the 
need of having purposeful, well-directed schools to 
provide for the spiritual, social, and academic wel- 
fare of our children. _ TT ■ 

By H. Lynn Martin xn 

The Christian School Builder 


If I would take all of my possessions 
And consider a thing called pride; 
If I would look at all my depressions, 
Everything that I ! ve tried to hide; 
If I'd just look to the Lord 
When possessions I am trying to horde; 
Surely at His feet I t^ould fall 
When Jesus xs Lord of all. 

If I were to search all of my deep longings 

And ponder each one of my dreams; 

If I'd realize my mind is following 

This temporal world and its schemes; 

If I'd just look to the Lord 

And thoroughly change my mind so deplored; 

Oh surely, then, I would not fall 

Since Jesus is Lord of all. 

If I would consider all my failures 

And from them each a lesson learn; 

If I could show kindness to my railers 

And with prayer, for them I should yearn; 

If I'd just look to the Lord — 

His reproach I cannot bear, nor afford — 

If I'd say, "Lord, on You I call, 

Only You are Lord of all. u 


If I would put all of my tomorrows 

Under the shelter of His love 5 

If I'd let Him gently turn my sorrows 

To peace and blessings from above; 

If I ! d just look to the lord 

And receive all that He has for me stored; 

If I'd just, on bended knees, fall 

And make Jesus Lord of all. 

If I*d open my ears to hear Him say, 

n My child, repentantly come here." 

There definitely is no other way 

To have blessed Jesus so near. 

Just call, mercy you'll receive, 

And though sinful men will try to deceive, 

Cling to the Rock, on Jesus call 

NOW receive Him, Lord of all! 

Oh how happy we are when we're baptized, 

And our sins we finally realized. 

How comforting to have Someone to call; 

For I've made Jesus Lord of all! 

Now it is so fulfilling 

To commune with dear brethren so willing 

To wash my feet and give the kiss; 

Nothing's more lovely than this! 


—Ron Cable 

Goshen, Indiana 


We, the members of the eastern district cf the Old 

Brethren, have appointed a love feast and communion for 

the 23rd and 24th of May at the Wakarusa meeting house. 

The Lcrd willing, we are looking forward to a time of 

sweet fellowship and feeding upon His Word, A hearty 

invitation is extended to all of our brethren, sisters, 

and friends. „ . _ A . 

— Melvin Coning 

(For Annual, Meeting notice, see page 15.) 




QUESTION 19: Are not the children as capable of 
being baptized as of having faith (according to Luke 
1:41-44) Matthew 18:3; Luke 18:16,17; I Corinthians 
7:14, etc.) even though they do not know how to ex- 
press this with many words as do the adults? Is this 
not in accordance with the Word (Mark 16: 16) that It 
is not so much a matter of an easily deceptive oral 
profession of faith as the truth of faith itself? 

ANSWER: There is only one example of this in 
Scripture. John was moved in his mother's womb 
through the Holy Spirit because he was a child of the 
promise and was to be a forerunner of the Lord. Yet, 
it Is obvious that he could not have been circumcised 
in his mother's womb but only after he was born. 
Despite this, they waited with circumcision until the 
eighth day. Therefore, even the moving of Saint John 
did not cause a change in the plan of God concerning 
circumcision. Rather, he was circumcised like all 
other children on the eighth day. 

It is exactly the same with baptism. Even If the 
children of believing parents were to move in their 
mothers' wombs, they would have to wait with baptism 
until they were born. Again, once they were born, 
they would have to wait until they were moved by the 
Holy Spirit to desire baptism with specific words. 
Only then might they be baptized, because outward wa- 
ter baptism requires an outward expression of desire, 
as may be seen from Christ himself (Matthew- 3:13 )• 
This desire must be effected by the true faith in the 
Lord Jesus. Otherwise, it is not permissible to bap- 
tise a child. Salvation is not dependent upon the 
water, but only upon the faith, which must be proved 
by love and obedience. 

QUESTION 20: Does it not run counter to the evan- 
gelical character of the New Covenant to make an 


outward ceremony Indispensably necessary for salva- 
tion? Is this not rather identical with the doctrine 
of the old Law-zealots against whom Paul wrote so em- 
phatically in his letters to the Galatians and the 

ANSWER: We do not make of outward baptism anything 
else than what is commanded by Scripture* Since it 
says that believers should be baptized, we consider 
it disobedience to oppose that which God has commanded 
Whoever opposes God in one thing — even if it is as in- 
significant as outward baptism — such a person will be 
properly punished for this disobedience. However, I 
do not think that a single commandment of the Lord 
Jesus dare be considered insignificant, if we consider 
the power and might of the Sovereign without reluc- 
tance. Concerning that about which Paul wrote to the 
Galatians and Colossians, it has only to do with the 
laws of the servant Moses, because they were too weak 
(see Hebrews 7:18). The Galatians wanted to follow 
these laws in order to be spared the cross of Christ 
and to set aside the teachings of Jesus. Paul re- 
minded them of the baptism when he wrote; "For as 
many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on 
Christ." (Galatians 3:27) Consequently, Paul is not 
at all against baptism, but rather for it. 

QUESTION 28: Are all of those whom you baptize 
immediately reborn of God in truth? 

ANSWER: That would indeed be a good baptism, if 
all those whom we baptize In water were truly reborn. 
It cannot be proved that all of those baptized by 
Christ and the apostles turned out well. If however 
true faith is present, and the Word is grasped or ac-' 
cepted in the water bath by faith, then a considerable 
rebxrth or cleansing occurs in the "washing of water 
with the word." (Ephesians 5:26) 

QUESTION 32: Can you testify before the counte- 
nance of Jesus Christ, the omniscient Searcher of 
hearts and Judge of the living and the dead, that you 

¥ ° n m e ^t S r V H f WayS l Ben 0i ? e heart *«* *» soul? 

ANSWER: God does not require of us that we should 


be at this time in the perfection of one heart and one 
soul. We cannot say that we are completely one in 
spirit, but we must be one in purpose. That is, we 
must help one another until we all attain to the same 
faith and to that unity of fullness in faith of which 
Ephesians speaks (4:11-13)* Wo one can say that the 
church at Jerusalem was one heart and one soul in the 
state of perfection. In the beginning they were 
united in their discipleship of Christ with denial of 
everything worldly. That they were not one in under- 
standing may be seen in Acts 15 '5, etc. 

Those who came from Jerusalem taught differently 
about circumcision than did the apostles. They had 
great trouble in working toward unity. It is there- 
fore surprising that this perfect unity is demanded of 
us in these dreadful days, in which darkness and gloom 
cover all peoples. Indeed, those who boast of the in- 
ward baptism of the spirit are so disunited that they 
show only ignorance and discord even in the plain and 
clear commandments of water baptism, as well as in 
other fundamental points of faith. 

QUESTION 34: What are your reasons for considering 
your newly established church, the practices of bap- 
tism, ban, etc., equal to those of the apostles, inas- 
much as you can prove neither your divine calling, 
talents, nor results in your lives? 

ANSWER: We consider ourselves far inferior to and 
still unworthy in the matter of power of working mir- 
acles, as compared to the apostles. Concerning the 
doctrine and the intention, we must pray to God that 
He might make us resemble the intention of the apos- 
tles, yes, even His Son Jesus. 

From European Origins of the Brethren 
By Donald F. Durnbaugh, pages 334-34-0 


MARTIN - A daughter, Marissa Susan, born April 21 to 
David and Mary Ann Martin cf Dalton, Ohio. 



Sometimes I get homesick for Heaven 

Where flowers eternally bloom, 

Where music flows on like a river, 

And no discord will enter the tune. 

Where the tree of life yields its fruitage 

Of blessings each month of the year; 

Its leaves will heal all the nations, 

And there'll never be any more fear. 

Where there is no sickness or sorrows — 

No darkness nor suffering nor pain; 

Where death never robs us of loved ones 

And all join in the Heavenly strain 

Of praise to our Lord and Redeemer, 

Of glory and honor and love 

To the Father, the Son, and the Spirit 

That Is filling all Heaven above. 

Many loved ones are over there waiting 

By the side of the river of life, 

Where there Is no sorrow nor heartache, 

No weariness, struggle, nor strife. 

Where everything blends Into beauty 

And harmony, perfect and sweet, 

Where God wipes away all tear drops; 

There we 1 11 find perfect rest near His feet. 

Selected by Loraine Bayer 


The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will 
be held, the Lord willing, on June 5, 6, and 7 at the 
Salida, Calif ornia, meeting house. Friday will be 
council day; on Saturday and Sunday (Pentecost), will 
be public preaching; and on Saturday evening, the 
Communion service. A hearty invitation and welcome 
is extended to all our members and friends to attend. 

— Joseph L. Cover 



"April showers bring May flowers," goes the little 
saying, and what do May flowers bring? Bees! Tiny 
bees, honeybees, bumblebees — all kinds of bees are fly- 
ing from flower to flower. And it's a good thing! Be- 
cause the bees need the pollen and nectar from the 
flowers for food, and the flowers need the bees to move 
their pollen around to help make new flower seeds. God 
has made it a marvelous arrangement, but notice how 
hard the bee has to work. It isn't just playing, you 
know. Worker honeybees may only live for six weeks in 
the summer, because they wear their wings out, flying. 
Did you know they fly 13,000 miles to make just one 
pound of honey? 

The Bible teaches us that we must work hard, too. 
Like the bees, we must sometimes put in long days, or 
we may have to "beg in the harvest." The Scripture 
says that laziness is sin, and that if a person will 
not work he should not be allowed to eat. 

Here's a poem about the hardworking honeybee: 

See the little bee so busy I 
Doesn't she get ever dizzy? 

RLying up, and flying down, 

Buzzing busily around — 
God has given her the power 
Thus to search the tiny flower, 

Pollen there to find, to eat, 

And nectar for her honey sweetj 
The Lord has made her, this I see — 
Or she could never be a bee. 

— Stanley Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL, 28 JUNE, 1981 NO. 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Let me forget life ! s little stings 
And think of better, sweeter things. 
Let me fcrget the unkind word 
That someone spoke when he was stirred. 
Let me forget, Lord, forget 
Unpleasant happenings I have met, 
And then look up and give Thee praise 
For happy hours and pleasant days. 

Let me forget the unkind blow 

That someone dealt me years ago; 

Or yesterday, perhaps today, 

While I was going on my way; 

And help me, Lord, forget the deed 

And for his welfare plead and plead, 

Lest he should fail to count the cost, 

Then die and be forever lost. 

Let me forget my own mistakes 

That every human being makes; 

Let me forget my failures past 

And reach life f s highest goal at last; 

Let me, Lord, forget, forget 

Whatever causes sad regret, 

And know that Christ forgives us all 

When we on Him most humbly call. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 

"THE FMl—GRlfVl is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


More than 700 years before it came to pass, the 
birth of Christ was foretold by the prophet Isaiah in 
these words; "Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and 
bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." 
". * * which being interpreted is, God WITH us." 
(Isaiah 7:14, hatthew 1:23) But when Jesus promised 
the Holy Ghost to His disciples (John 14:16,17) He 
said, "He shall be IN YOU J' Thus the Apostle Paul 
Bays (II Corinthians 6:1 6), »', . . for ye are the 
IEMPIE of the living God; as God hath said, I will 
dwell IN THEM, and walk IN THEM; and I will be their 
God, and they shall be my people." 

A certain writer has said, "King Solomon seems a- 
mazed at the thought of God's dwelling in a temple on 
earth. He says, 'But will God indeed dwell on the 
earth? the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot con- 
tain thee; how much less this house that I have 
builded? ' If Solomon could hardly conceive how God 
could dwell in a building made by human hands, what 
would have been his exclamation if he had been con- 
fronted by the New Testament revelation of God f s 
dwelling in bodies of mortal men, who by nature have 
been depraved and are sinful in God's sight?" 

In the New Testament quotation from John 14*16,17, 
Jesus distinctly sets forth the trinity of the God- 
head and the office of each. Thus, throughout the 
whole history of the Bible, it can be seen how this 
triune Godhead worked in holy counsel and unity in 
the creation and also continued in the same manner in 
the work of redemption. For at no time since the 
creation has mankind been completely out of communica- 
tion with one or the other of the Persons of the God- 
head — unless it may have been in the interval from 
the death of Abel to the birth of Enos {Genesis 4:25, 
26), a period of possibly 200 years, during which it 


appears that no one "called on the name of the Lord." 
From that time until the giving of the law f rom foo^aat 
Sinai, God appeared and communicated in various ways 
with chosen and faithful men of old, as Enoch, Noah, 
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses. 

But when Moses received the law in-hount binai, God 
also instructed him to build a "Tabernacle" for a 
dwelling place among the congregation of the Children 
of Israel: "And I will dwell among the congregation^ 
of the children of Israel." (Exodus 29:4-5) "And I 
will set my tabernacle among you, and will be* your 
God, and ye shall be my people." (Leviticus 26:12) * 

This, now, was a new PRESENCE of God among His peo- 
ple. The Tabernacle continued with the Children of 
Israel throughout their "wanderings" in the wilderness" 
and was brought into the Canaan land by Joshua. It 
was set up for a resting place at Shiloh (Joshua 18:1^ 
where apparently it remained for about 300 years, un- 
til the Ark of the Covenant was removed out of it, in 
the time of Eli and Samuel, when the Children of Israel 
fought with the Philistines* They were defeated, and 
the "Ark" was taken away from them, and the "Presence" 
or "Glory of the Lord was departed from Israel." (I 
Samuel U**U) There is no further record of what became 
of the Tabernacle, but about 100 years later, King- 
David brought up the "Ark of the Lord" and placed it 
in a tabernacle which he had pitched for it in- -Mount 
Zion. (II Samuel 6:17) We are unable to tell if- this 
was the same tabernacle that was at Shiloh but rather 
think it was not. 

At the same time that God made the covenant with 
the Children of Israel at hount Sinai and commanded 
Moses to build the Tabernacle, He also commanded him 
to teach them: "The Lord thy God will raise up unto 
thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, 
like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken. . ." (Deuter- 
onomy 18:15-19) Thus the 8th- chapter of Hebrews tells 
us that the tabernacle which Moses built under that 
"first Covenant" and its service and priesthood were 
but an EXAMPLE and SHADOW of "heavenly things"; and 
Jesus Christ was "that Prophet" and "Eternal High 


Priest" and "Mediator" of a "new and better covenant; 
established upon better promises," This Jesus, the 
s on of Mary, was conceived of the Holy Ghost and was 
to be called the "Son of God". He was the "Immanuel" 
of Isaiah 7;14, or "God with us". He was with God in 
the beginning and WAS GOD and was "made flesh and 

Thus God the Son came down to visit the earth and 
lived here awhile WITH US — as a man, and was "tempted 
in all points like as we are; yet without sin." "He 
was the image of the invisible God," and "In him 
dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily." This 
was a far more comprehensible and intimate manifesta- 
tion of the Godhead than was the "Presence" in the 
tabernacle of the congregation of the Children of 
Israel. When one of His disciples demanded of Him to 
"Show us the Father and it sufficeth us," He said, 
"Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou 
not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen 
the Father. . ." 

What a blessed realization it must have been to 
those who believed on Him when He was on earth and 
knew that He was the Son of God. But Jesus, in His 
bodily presence, could only be WITH them, and not IN 
them; and sometimes he was absent from them, and then 
they were sorrowful and lonely. So He told them, "It 
is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not 
away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I 
depart, I will send him unto you." " f . . that he may 
abide with you forever, even the Spirit of truth. . . 
for he dwelleth with you, AND SHALL BE IN YOU." 

How expedient, indeed, this was that the Gomforter, 
which is the Holy Ghost, might come and dwell IN US. 
This is no doubt the greatest and most blessed 
"presence" of all— GOD IN US, 

When Jesus led His disciples out on Mount Olivet to 
ascend to the Father and lifted up His hands and 
blessed them, He said, "And, behold, I send the PRCMI3JS 
of my Father upon you; but tarry ye in the city of 
Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high/* 

The "Promise of the Father" was abundantly foretold 
by the Old Testament prophets (Isaiah 32% ?5; Isaiah 


44:3; Joel 2:28,29; etc.) And when the apostles were 
FILLED with the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, 
Peter began to preach to the "multitude"; "THIS IS 
shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will 
pour out my Spirit upon ALL FLESH (not one nation only, 
but ALL FLESH). . . Repent, and be. baptized every one 
of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission 

Though Peter, under the influence of the Holy Ghost^ 
could preach this acceptance by God of all nations, he 
had still to learn it more clearly in the vision of 
the "great sheet" let down to him on the house top, 
which he did not fully understand until he came into 
the house of Cornelius and saw the Holy Ghost come 
upon them (the Gentiles), as He did upon the apostles 
at the beginning. (Acts H si 5) "Forasmuch then as God 
gave them the LIKE GIFT as he did unto us, who be- 
lieved on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I 
could withstand God?" (v. 17) 

This is the new and better covenant, established 
upon better promises of Hebrews 8:6-1 3» !t Whereof the 
Holy Ghost also is a witness to us; for after that he 
had said before, This is the covenant that I will make 
with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put 
WRITE THEM: And their sins and iniquities will I re- 
member no more. . . Having therefore, brethren, bold- 
ness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, 
BY A NEW AND LIVING WAY, which he hath consecrated for 
us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; And 
having an high priest over the house of God; Let us 
draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, 
having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, 
and our bodies washed with pure water." (Hebrews 10: 

"For ye have not received the spirit of bondage a- 
gain to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adop- 
tion, whereby we cry, Abba, Father (My Father). The 


Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we 
are the CHILDREN OF GOD*" (Romans 8:15) 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Reprinted from 
June, 1957, Pilgrim 


"No man, having put his hand to the plough, and 
looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God." (Luke 

I suppose that only a few of the older readers re- 
member actually holding a walking plow with both hands 
while a horse pulled it slicing through the soil and 
rolling over a strip of sod. Even with the crude 
plows of past ages (perhaps held by one hand) there 
was a skill to managing it, and the Saviour here com- 
pares it to the struggles of the Christian's life. 

The plowman had to have some foresight. To end up 
right at the edge of the field it was important that 
the first or middle furrow be straight and parallel to 
the side of the field. The way to accomplish this was 
to set the course by something to sight on, and then 
keep heading straight for it. To look back meant a 
crooked course. 

In the Christian life we must keep our eyes on the 
goal, the finish line, the guide post. To measure the 
future by what has passed is to lose the proper per- 
spective. Paul says, "... Forgetting those things 
which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things 
which are before, I press toward the mark for the 
prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 
(Philippians 3:13,14) If we dwell on the events of 
the past (which we can never change and only God can 
forgive) it cripples us for facing the issues of the 

This principle also has a group application. We 
may find ourselves quite willing to forget our own 
past but remembering vividly the past of others. Our 
own mistakes and waverings we may excuse as weaknesses 
and slips, while we judge our brothers and sisters 


more harshly for their past errors. If we would be 
forgiven, the Saviour says, we must forgive. 

To look back while plowing a furrow (in the Chris- 
tian life) may have even more serious implications* 
It may indicate a wish to quit or return. It may 
mean giving up the struggle. In plowing, there is no 
backing up to do a section over. Once started, you 
must plow on through to the end. The plow may well 
be hard to hold, especially if it strikes stones, 
roots, or hard places in the sod. But this is the 
very purpose of plowing: to loosen the soil and pre- 
pare for planting; to root out the stones and break 
up the clods. 

In our experiences following Christ we must not 
give up and we cannot go back. Are we faced with 
difficulties? Does the job sometimes seem impossible 
to complete? Does the day hold no joy? Have we prob- 
lems with fellow workers? Sometimes the only way is 
forward. Sometimes we seem to be in the position of 
the Israelites at the Red Sea. The Egyptians were 
storming up behind them, bent on vengeance. The sea 
lay before them. Moses told the people, n Fear ye not, 
stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord. . .» 
This was surely good advice, but when the time came, 
God told Moses, "Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak 
unto the children of Israel, that they go forward 
. . . n (See Exodus 14) From a situation that looked 
hopeless, God delivered those discouraged people by 
sending them forward. He brought them through the 
obstacle that seemed to block their way. He is just 
as powerful today and just as willing to give us sim- 
ilar victory. 

Still another observation on the plow is the 
thought of steadfastness. Someone has said regarding 
promises and resolves; "Nothing is easier than say- 
ing words and nothing harder than living them out day 
after day." To plow well and to live the Christian 
life well both require steady, day-by-day struggle. 
Jesus assures us that His yoke is easy and His burden 
is light. It is this way when we walk with Him and 
let Him bear our burdens and cares. The hard part is 
going against the selfish nature that each of us pos- 
sesses * This nature is ever present and wants the 


excitement and thrills. It resists the day-after-day 
struggle with its seeming dullness and repeated self- 
denial* The only way is to crucify this nature and 
die to it daily. The new life in Christ is the vic- 

"Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, im- 
moveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, 
forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain 
in the Lord." (I Corinthians 15:58) 

One song, a Negro spiritual, puts it this way: 
"Keep your hands on the plow, and hold onl" — L.C* 


My dear brothers, I have sat down to compose this 
short essay for the sake of unity. It has been my ex- 
perience, in the short time I have been a member of 
"the Brethren" and specifically the Old Brethren, that 
although there is a widespread acceptance of the mem- 
bers of one Brethren church with those of another, it 
is by no means universal. 

The cause for this lack of unity appears clear to 
me, and I will point it out soon. I am quite confident 
that the sanctions, disfellows hipping, etc. that have 
been imposed "de jure" if not "de facto" are not con- 
sistent with scripture. There is further no doubt in 
my mind that if we were willing to accept each other 
fully as members of the body of Christ, that we, as 
Brethren, would be taking a giant leap in making man- 
ifest the grace of God that abounds in us all. 

This is a question which some may not want to ad- 
dress j however, its time has come. We are no longer 
living in the relatively simplistic days of the 1880s. 
The times, the pressures of our present environment 
demand that if we are to survive as a Brethren body of 
believers, if we are to preserve our rich heritage and 
be a light to the world — a beacon to be seen, then we 
have no alternative but to look at what few differences 
we may have and see them as they really are and not the 
mountains some would have us believe that they are* 

We are all one, 

Iat us think and pray upon the following scripture: 


I Corinthians 12:12-14: 

For as the body is one, and hath many members, 
and all the members of that one body, being 
many, are one body: so also is Christ. For 
by one Spirit are we all baptized into on& 
body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles (whether 
we be Old Brethren, German Baptist, Dunkard 
Brethren, etc.), whether we be bond or fre^; 
and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. 
For the body is not one member, but many. 

The purpose of this essay is to encourage unity a- 
mong us; to help us realize that we are all really 
n one in the body". 

We are all of us (the ,r plairi n Brethren groups) the 
inheritors of a great tradition — the inheritors of a 
tremendous faith, study, and application of our found- 
ing brethren. The modes of worship we follow today 
came from these founding fathers. I feel confident 
that Mack, Becker, Sower, Moomaw, etc. would feel I- 
qually comfortable if they were to visit any of ou? 

We profess the same beliefs. 

--We are all baptized by triune immersion. 

--We have all made the same professions of faith 
when we were baptized. 

—We all accept and observe the same ordinances. 

We all accept basically the same customs ir. dress 

and living. 

Yes, we do have some differences, and tolerate a- 
mongst our various bodies some practices that might 
not be tolerated in anotner church. But we are all 
fundamentally the same. In perspective, the differ- 
ences we have are not worthy of granting to them the 
importance some haye given. 

We are all one in the body. Scripture .tells me 
this. Let us not stumble over an ant hill on our 
journey to the New Jerusalem. Romans 14:10: "But why 
dost thou judge thy brother? or why doest thou set at 
naught thy brother? for we shall all stand before the 
judgment seat of Christ." 

I take the liberty to quote from B. ?. Moomawfe bool^ 
A Treatise on Triune Immersion , pages 42-44. In this 


passage Moomaw is imagining a conversation with the 
Apostle Paul. 

Moomaw : "What idea, then, brother Paul, do you in- 
tend to convey in the passage in question?" 

Paul ; "I mean that youj the church, should be like 
Christ — filled with all the fulness of God, that you 
might glorify Him in the church by Jesus Christ, 
throughout all ages, world without end." "I therefore 
beseech you, that you walk worthy of the vocation 
wherewith you are called, in union and love, that 
there be no shameful divisions among you; that you 
! keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, 1 
according to the nature and character of God, who is 
one in the essence, in power, in motive, and mode of 
operation* There is essentially one body, or Church 
of Christ, and members in particular. There is one 
Spirit, one controlling influence over us, all called 
to one glorious hope , arising from one glorious prom- 
ise. tt 

The theme of the above is unity — growth through 
unity. Let there, my brothers, be one Brethren church 
in spirit, composed of its several members united in 
love and practice for the sake of our dear Savior Who 
died for us all, redeeming us to eternal life. 

Part 1 : The Problem 

"The Lord then showed these persecuted exiles a 
place of refuge in the county of Wittgenstein. . . 
Freedom of conscience was granted at Schwarzenau. 
Therefore many different kinds of people go there to 
Schwarzenau. . • Those who came together there be- 
cause of persecution were at first called f Pietists ! , 
although they differed from one another because of 
various opinions and also through diverse customs and 
habits. They themselves, however, called one another 
'brethren 1 ." — Alexander Mack, Jr. 

As a convert to the Old Brethren Church from the 
Episcopal Church, I have been interested in this unity 
question and have often wondered why with some of the 
"brethren" and even among some congregations (of dif- 
ferent churches) there exists a lack of acceptance of 
one another. This lack of acceptance is made manifest^ 
among those concerned, with the refusal to salute one 



another with the holy kiss. 

This lack of acknowledgement is by no means univeiw 
sal, and I do not intend to make it sound so. It has, 
however, been a problem to me in that, when I meet a 
member of one of the other old order churches, I don*t 
know whether he wants me to salute or not. I do, yet 
I don f t want to cause embarrassment* 

Not long ago I was present at a baptism attended 
by members of our church and those of another. I 
eagerly wanted to meet these fellow brothers, yet I 
held back, not knowing how to greet them. Some sa- 
luted, some didn f t. I know I was somewhat hurt when 
a brother wouldn't saXute me, and I am sure that I 
hurt others by not initiating the holy kiss to them — 
you could see it in their eyes. What an uncomfortable, 
tragic and unfortunate situation 1 

This event sparked my interest in this subject of 
the "holy kiss" so I did some study and the following 
is the result. I solicit your comments and corre- 
spondence for further edification. 

There are at least five references in the New 
Testament where the brethren are taught, admonished 
or exhorted in extending the holy kiss. 

Romans 16:16; "Salute one another with an 
holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you." 

I Gorinthians 16; 20; "All the brethren greet 
you. Greet ye one another with an holy kiss." 

II Corinthians 13:12-13: "Greet one another 
with an holy kiss. All the saints salute you." 

I Thessaldnians 5:26s "Greet all the brethren 
with an holy kiss." 

I Peter 5:H: "Greet ye one another with a 
kiss of charity > . ." 

What can we find in common with these five pas- 

First, they are written to three separate and dis- 
tinct churches or groups of believers. It could be 
assumed that all these groups of faithful Christians 
did not have the same customs, the same ways of doing 
things; yet, they had a common bond in their belief 
in Christ — they were one in the body. This appeared 


to be the important thing, the one element truly ce- 
menting them together — this bond made manifest with 
the exchange of the holy kiss. 

Second, in every instance those addressed are told 
to salute all the brethren with the kiss. This seems 
to have been the universal mode of greeting as the 
early brethren traveled from country to country and 
province to province. 

(We call ourselves a "primitive" Christian church — 
one which is attempting to pattern its practices after 
the earliest believers. Then let it be. At my first 
love feast I met a brother from another church and 
attempted to salute him. He refused, saying he was 
from another district. My understanding of scripture 
can find no validity in this objection to saluting one 
another. ) 

Third, the exhortation to greet with the holy kiss 
always comes at the end of the letters. It is part of 
Paul's closing — a last bit of advice and counsel. 

The ending, along with the opening of these letters, 
is the portion where the author expresses his love, 
concern and unity with those to whom he is writing. 
There can be no doubt that the holy kiss must have 
been the ultimate expression of this love, concern 
and unity during those early days — and so it should 
be today. 

Fourth, we see that those to whom Paul is v/riting 
and whom he reminded to meet with the kiss were lo- ■ 
cated in widely separated regions, Italy and northern 
and southern Greece. 

Many scholars are of the opinion that Paul's letter 
to the Thessalonians was his earliest epistle, written 
between A. D. 49 and 54. This faithful church was 
composed of some Jews and a multitude of Greeks. 

My point is this; that this church was exhorted 
to "greet all the brethren with an holy kiss." Now 
these brethren included the gentile Greek and the con- 
verted Jew — people who had and, I am sure, maintained 
varying habits and customs; yet they overcame their 
differences through Christ's bond and were able to 
express their unity of fellowship with the kiss. 
Should we, my brothers, do anything less? 


I find it difficult to understand why we, the mem- 
bers of the plain Brethren churches who are in basic 
agreement on everything, find it hard to accept this 
universal mode of greeting that was so obviously im- 
portant to Paul and the early church* 

Part 2; The Real Problem 

There is no way to bring this discussion to a Con- 
clusion without looking at the ordinance of baptist 

I again quote from Elder Benjamin Moomaw f s book on 
triune immersion, written in 1 865 « I quote two sma^l 

He first asks the question: "What is baptism?" 
He says it is an "ordinance of the New Testament ini- 
tiated by Jesus Christ, by which a penitent believe^ 
is dedicated to God, and introduced into the body of 
Christ, or in other words, into the visible church? 
that is to say by the authority of Heaven." 

In a footnote on page 9 Moomaw goes on to say, . 
"Baptism, if valid, is the privilege of male and fe- 
male in the new covenant, and secures to them the'i 
promise of fellowship . withChrist here, and an eternal 
reign with Him in His royal kingdom, " 

Now, the real problem. 

It is obvious to me that the only reason that <ke 
brother could deny the holy kiss to another would le 
if that brother did not consider the other "one who 
has attained the promise of fellowship with Christ l n 
And this, we have seen, is achieved through holy 

If, on the other hand, the denying brother does 
consider the other as having attained fellowship i4th 
Christ, yet still insists on denying the New Testajadnt 
teaching to "greet all the brethren with an holy kiss*, 1 
then that brother, it would seem to me, must exam&e 
his motives in denying obedience to this scriptuii* 

I know I am bold in saying this, but the only Way 
the universal acceptance and extension of the holy 
kiss question will be favorably resolved (among tw 
brethren) is simply when all of us "brethren" accebt 
one another's baptism as being valid. f 

This is the problem. Once you accept the validity 


of one's baptism then you must acknowledge the result 
of that baptism. The authority of scripture then ex- 
horts, in the spirit of unity, to exchange the holy 
kiss, the kiss of charity. 

We all know that there is absolutely no difference 
(not a jot or tittle difference) between the baptisms 
of our churches. Yes, we have some differences of 
opinion and action, but fundamentally we are the same 
in beliefs, actions and purpose of life. 

For those who say that the difference is too great 
for the acceptance of one another as members of 
Christ* s body on earth, it might be noted that their 
very own great-grandfathers might be pretty shocked 
at some of the practices they have adopted today. 

My brothers, all my brothers, we have such a great 
tradition in the "Brethren" church. Let us see this. 
Let us work together in unity (the theme of I John). 
Let us accept, in love and understanding, the few 
differences we have and not let them drive us apart. 

Let us, my brothers, resist with all our strength 
the perpetuation of this unfounded and shameful divi- 
siveness. Let us greet one another as "one body" of 
believers yet remain members of separate churches. 
Let us, when we meet, meet as brothers in Ghrist. 
With the holy kiss let us meet and share the love of 
God together. Let us resist the devil in all his 

Let us resolve not to be the one to deny, here on 
earth, the holy kiss to his brother — the same brother 
w e will embrace with tears of joy and thanksgiving in 

Let us be a united front to the world and show 
them how true Christians ought to act. Yes, my 
brothers, let the "lower lights" shine. 

Some say this dream of mine is impossible, yet we 
all know that nothing is impossible with God. . Let 
His will be done. 

Prayer for Unity 

Our Father, we thank You for the privilege of 

being together at this time and at this place. 
As Your people, we pray that Your love will 


unite us into a fellowship of discovery. 
Cleanse us of everything that would sap our 
strength for togetherness. 

Unravel the knots in our spirits 

Cleanse the error of our minds 

Free us from the bondage of negative imaginations. 

Break down the barriers that sometimes keep us 

apart and cause us to drift along without a 


As we go from here — 

Explore in us new possibilities for service. 
Kindle within us the fires of Your composition 
so that we may not wait too long to learn to 
May we be a people with loving purposes — 
Reaching out • ♦ . 
Breaking walls . . . 
Building bridges • ♦ . 
Let us be your alleleuia in a joyless, 
fragmented world. 

In the name of our Lord, we pray. 

Amen. (Champ Taylor) 

— John Schonwald 
Modesto, California 


COVER - BOONE: David Cover and Rosemary Boone were 
married May 17 at New Lebanon, Ohio. 

New Address: 19290 Cherokee Rd. 

Tuolumne, Calif. 95379 
(209) 928-3692 


Arnold Bowser. Rt. 1, Box 137 

Mount Olive, Miss. 39119 

Allan R. Bowser: Rt. 4, Box 241A 

Collins, Miss. 39428 




QUESTION 37: Is it not true that you began your 
new baptism with much uncertainty and wavering and 
have continued in this way up to now? Has this not 
also been shown in other things, as, for example, you 
once rejected the married state, and then soon per- 
mitted it again — once did away with work, then intro- 
duced it again? 

ANSWER: We have begun the baptism of the Lord 
Jesus in accordance with His command in great assur- 
ance of faith. The dear God has sustained and con- 
firmed us in this to this day by His. grace amidst 
great opposition. We indeed can say with great cer- 
tainty that those who believe should be baptized. But 
it is true that we had to continue discussions on mar- 
riage, work, yeB 9 and still other matters, after the 
baptism. Before our baptism, when we were still among 
the Pietists, we were not taught otherwise by those 
who were deemed great saints. Therefore, we had much 
contention until we abandoned the errors which we had 

QUESTION 38: On which point, then, can the un- 
doubted divinity of your new church be recognized be- 
fore all others in the whole world? 

ANSWER: We indeed have neither a new church nor 
any new laws. We only want to remain in simplicity 
and true faith in the original church which Jesus 
founded through His blood. We wish to obey the com- 
mandment which was in the beginning. We do not demand 
that undoubted divinity be recognized in our church 
fellowship. Rather, we would wish that undoubted di- 
vinity might indeed be recognized in Christ himself, 
and then in the church at Jerusalem. If this and its 
divinity in teaching, words, and commandments were to 
be acknowledged, then it could be determined whether 
a church has this divine teaching in it or not. If 
this is realized, then we think that it would be 


sufficient to recognize a church before all other 
churches in the whole world, if she is subject, as a 
true wife to her husband Christ, to His commands, yes, 
if it still strives to be even more submissive. Who- 
ever has not known Christ in the divinity of His com- 
mandments will hardly recognize His church even if 
the twelve apostles were serving as its bishops and 


These are the most urgent questions about your new 
baptism and church, that were deemed necessary to pre- 
sent at this time to you, dear friends, for your own 
sake as well as that of others. You may now consider 
them, and prepare your corporate, clear, and candid 
explanations with your accompanying reasons. You 
should do this in such a manner as you can dare to 
account for such an important matter before the coun- 
tenance of Jesus Christ, all His holy angels, and the 
elect on the inevitable day of most strict examination 
of this, your new work, without contradicting His no- 
ble Spirit in your consciences or those of others. 


Beloved Friends; 

Upon your request, we have published in love these 
answers to every one of the forty points of the 
searching questions which you have submitted to us 
upon our good consciences before God. They are an- 
swered according to our faith and good conscience be- 
fore the God who sent His Son out of love to the world 
that we should hear, believe, and have eternal life 
through our faith in Him. If, then, your salvatipn 
and blessedness are dear to you, hasten and bow y6ur 
necks under the scepter of this great King. Believe 
that His teaching' is true and His baptism is saving 
and blessed for poor sinners* Do not say, "Of what 
use is this water for me?* 1 and do not try to comfort 
yourselves with your infant baptism, which was intro- 
duced into the world in contradiction to God's WorQ. 

Otherwise, may this simple testimony (which is 
published by the Baptists at Schwarzenau upon urgent 
appeal) be a witness along with your own consciences, 
at the great Day of Judgment of the Lord Jesus, whd 


all come with flaming fire to take vengeance on those 
;ho were disobedient to His gospel. Now, to the 
strangled Lamb, who alone has might and power in 
heaven and on earth, be praise, honor, and glory, 
from eternity to eternity. Amen. 

"Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every 
eye will see him, every one who pierced him. n 
(Revelation 1 :7) Amen. 

Published at Schwarzenau, in the month of July, in the 
year of our Lord 1713. 

For complete account see European Origins 
of the Brethren by Donald Durnbaugh 
(pages 325-345) 


;'This tract was written by an English vicar and former 
.missionary to Africa, a real brother in the Lord who 
ministered at the International Revival Conference in 
Switzerland in 1970. His reply to our request to re- 
print it reveals the spirit of kr. Collinson: "please 
Jo feel free to use the leaflet on ? Broke nness' wher- 
ever and however you think it may be used to help. I 
ieed to learn every word of it afresh. tMle I wrote 
it out of a living experience, I find it can quickly 
become a lovely vision rather than a daily walk. I 
jeed so much to be *broken f daily. M ) 

Sometimes it is asked what we mean by brokenness. 
3rokenness is not easy to define but can be clearly 
aeen in the reactions of Jesus, especially as He ap- 
proached the cross and in His crucifixion. I think it 
can be applied personally in this way; 

WHEN to do the will of God means that even my 
Christian brethren will not understand, and I remember 
that "Neither did His brethren believe in Him tt (John 
7:5), and I bow my head to obey and accept the mis- 
understanding, THIS IS BROKENNESS. 

WHEN I am misrepresented or deliberately misinter- 
preted, and I remember that Jesus was falsly accused 


but He "held His peace," and I bow my head to accept 
the accusation without trying to justify myself, THIS 

WHEN another is preferred before me and I am delib- 
erately passed over, and I remember that they cried, 
u Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas" 
(Luke 23:18), and I bow my head and accept rejection, 

WHEN my plans are brushed aside and I see the work 
of years brought to ruins by the ambitions of others 
and I remember that Jesus allowed them to lead Him 
away to crucify Him (Matthew 27:31) and He accepted 
that place of failure, and I bow my head and accept 
the injustice without bitterness, THIS IS BROKENNESS* 

WHEN in order to be right with my God it is neces- 
sary to take the humbling path of confession and res- 
titution, and I remember that Jesus "made Himself of 
no reputation" and "humbled Himself . . . unto death, 
even the death of the cross" (Philippians 2:8), and I 
bow my head and am ready to accept the shame of expo- 

WHEN others take unfair advantage of my being a 
Christian and treat my belongings as public property, 
and I remember "they stripped Him. . . and parted His 
garments, casting lots" (Matthew 27:28,35), and I bow 
my head and accept "joyfully the spoiling of my goods" 
for His sake, THIS IS BROKENNESS-. 

WHEN one acts towards me in an unforgivable way, 
and I remember that when He was crucified Jesus prayed, 
"Father, forgive themj for they know not what they do" 
(Luke 23:34), and I bow my head and accept any behav- 
iour towards me as permitted by my loving Father, THIS 

WHEN people expect the impossible of me and more 
than time or human strength can give, and I remember 
that Jesus said, "This is My body which is given for 
you. . .» (Luke 22:19), and I repent of my self-indul- 
gence and lack of self-giving for others, THIS IS 
BROKENNESS. By John Collins 

From a tract reprinted by Calvary Fellowship Mission 

Little Smoky, Alberta Selected by Lois Martin 



Have you ever seen a Thunder Egg? If you would lock 
in the right places in the Cascade Mountains, you might 
find some plain brown stones, about the size of eggs, 
which the Indians called Thunder Eggs. The outside of 
these strange stones is of a drab brown color. Really, 
they look like hardened mud and are not shiny or beau- 
tiful at all. But if you would use a special saw to 
cut the stones in half, you would be in for a real 
surprise. You would find the inner part of the stones 
to be of brightly-colored agate, clear In places, with 
milky bands of color like the stripes in glass marbles. 
When cut and polished, the Thunder Eggs are a shining 
wonder, marvelous to behold. 

The Thunder Egg could easily be compared to a clear 
conscience. A person whose conscience is clear may 
look Mike everyone else on the outside — just an ordi- 
nary person. But his conscience inside shines as 
brightly as polished glass. Like the inner beauty of 
the Thunder Egg, it is hidden from view. Only God can 
see it. Few people know of its beauty to appreciate 
it, but It shines like a perfect jewel. 

Another lesson we can get from the Thunder Egg has 
to do with our appearance. If we make our clothes and 
hair too stylish or beautiful, we are likely making our 
heart ugly with pride. Peter tells us that, instead, 
our adorning should be "the hidden man of the heart. . • 
even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is 
in the sight of God of great price." A clear conscience 
and a meek spirit may sometimes be hidden from man; but 
in the sight of God they are beautiful — and precious. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 


19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 JULY, 1981 NO, 7 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Father in Heaven, I thank Thee 
For Jesus whe died in my stead, 

Who bore the cruel mocking and scourging 
And thorns that were crushed on His head. 

For me did He bow in the garden 

And sweat drops of blood for my sin; 

The vileness and filth of my nature 
Were laid in that hour upon Himl 

He went to the cross to redeem me 
And took all the shame that was minej 

But praised be His namet He has conquered 
The devil and sin for all time* 

Now I have peace, life, and glory 
Where once I was dead in my sin t 

Now I am free from my bondage j 
Have the rest man is seeking within, 

Jesus, my words cannot thank Thee 

For the love Thou hast shown for my soul, 
But I can give my life to obey Thee 
, And praise Thee for making me whole. 

By Ruth Hawkins 
Selected by Susie Sell 

THE F 3 ! I GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 

members of the Oid Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 

on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 




This from a small child may well be the first bad 
of innocence Gcdward. The parent who receives such a 
question is really standing on "holy ground, n But how 
easy to say, "I dcn ! t know," or, "Nobody knows," "No- 
body has ever seen God," "You 1 re too young for that," 
And that first reaching out for God withers. Instead, 
something like a seed of doubt hovers over the innocent 
mind. Doubt in the parent is soon reflected in a 
child *s mind. 

The first impression of God may well be of a kind 
Father in Heaven, The Christian child, looking at the 
kind, loving faces of the parents, is reassured and 
happy. Genesis 1*27: "So God created man in his own 
image, in the image of God created he him; male and 
female created he them," 

The first impression that man's created body was in 
the image of the Creator gives a basic concept of God* 
We should not hurry here to plunge into the mysteries 
of soul and spirit* Our Creator as Father is a very 
ennobling thought tc consider and retain in the mind 
of even a small child? "I, too, was made in the image 
of God," In old age this becomes sweet and dear. 
Babies are formed 'by God in the womb of the mother in 
God's likeness. Thousands of years after Adam, Jesus 
was also formed in, Mary 1 s womb in God's image, 

Christ's disciple, Philip, evidently had some hazy 
ideas of. God the Father, John 14:8*11$ "Philip saith 
unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth 
us, Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time 
with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? He 
that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and hew sayest 
thou then, Shew us the Father?,.. Believe me that I am 
in the Father, and the Father in me # .," 

Psalm 139:13-1S was as true of Christ as of David: 
"For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast 


covered me in my mother's womb. I will praise 
thee; for I am fearfully and y 
wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and 
that my soul knoweth right well. My substance 
was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, 
and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the 
earth. Thine eyes did see my substance, yet 
being unperfect; and in thy book all my members 
were written, which in continuance were fash- 
ioned, when as yet there was none of them. How 
precious also are thy thoughts unto me, God I 
how great is the sum of theml If I should count 
them, they are more in number than the sand; 
when I awake, I em still with thee," 
Relatives and friends study the tiny face of the 
newborn. Who does the baby look like? Jesus looked 
like His Father. Were we surrounded with heathen tem- 
ples with gods of every description, we would hold this 
"created in God's image" truth most highly, instructing 
our children of their divine heritage. 

Jesus calls Himself "Son of man" at least forty-three 
times in four Gospels. As "Son of man" He continually 
called God His Father. He. left it for us to confess 
Him as "Son of God." Then we might truly address Him: 
"Our Father who art in Heaven." 

The first Christians were carefully instructed in 
this divine truth. Paul speaks of "Christ, who is the 
image of God." (HCor. 4:4) Also, in Col. 1:15 he speaks 
of "the image of the invisible God," in referring to 
"God's dear Son." 

The Christian parent needs the word of God with the 
unction of the Holy Spirit to direct the opening mind 
of a child to Jesus, the Babe of Bethlehem, our cruci- 
fied Saviour and ascended Lord, Soon child and parent 
are praying and joyously singing praises together. 

But this first impression of the likeness of God is 
still incomplete. The wise parent is watching the 
child's mind open up Godward. It is a sacred time of 
truth. There will be more, questions according to the 
child's ability to understand. 

"God is light, and in him is no darkness at all*" 
(I John 1:5) God gave us the burning sun to lighten 


our earth* No human eye can look long upon the sun 
because of its powerful rays. Here we may get a 
glimpse of the glory of God. All thought of God must 
include the glory and splendor which emanate from Him 
and with which He is surrounded. Instead of trying to 
describe God, we speak of His glory and of His infinite 
love to man in sending His Son to reveal the Father in 
the person of Jesus, Son of God and Son of man, 

"The heavens declare the glory of God..." (Psalm 
19*1) The heavens teach both the glory of God and of 
His creative power. Both are noticed in Christ's in- 
structive prayer to His disciples, (Matt, 6:13) 

As children we watched the colorful sunset and then 
the stars appear in the twilight. They seemed to twink- 
le to us in friendly light. Soon the moon was smiling 
upon us. We gazed at them unafraid of any baleful in- 
fluence upon us. The heavens not only taught us, tut 
forcibly declared the glory of God* Also after the 
hard thunderstorms, we viewed God ! s glorious bow in 
the cloud. Our God was not only glorious and powerful 
but also good and beautiful. Faithful parents told us 
of God f s promise in the rainbow. 

On the mountain top, three disciples witnessed God ! s 
glory on His Son, Matthew 17:2: "And (Jesus) was trans- 
figured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, 
and his raiment was white as the light," 

John, in his old age, again beheld the Saviour. 
(Rev, 1:13-16) Jesus was wearing a long robe that 
reached to his feet. "His head and his hairs were 
white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were 
as a flame of firej And his feet like unto fine brass, 
as if they burned in a furnace... and his countenance 
was as the sun shineth in his strength," Again in 
Revelation 4 John saw Jesus on His throne in Heaven. 
Verse 3: "And he that sat was to look upon like a jas- 
per and a sardine stone? and there was a rainbow round 
bout the throne, in sight like unto an emerald." 

We have been concerned with the appearance of God 
the Father and of His Son. But Christ on His throne 
in Heaven is the same one who died for us as His mang- 
led body hung on the cross, whose body rested in the 
grave three days and then came forth again in glorious 



Small children receive much when Spirit-filled par- 
ents make harmonious melody in "psalms, hymns and spir- 
itual songs ." The reading of carefully selected Scrip- 
tures and memorizing of Scripture portions also con- 
tribute much. I think a life-long impression is often 
left in a child 1 s mind who sees faithful parents humbly 
kneel before the majesty of God— a fitting example in- 
deed, which we hope will lead our dear ones to private 3 
personal, "closet" prayer alone with God. 

God in Christ is both Creator and Redeemer, He whose 
glory and power are infinitely great knows how to speak 
in the heart of a child, 

— James D. Cover 
Modesto, California 


Usually, in New Testament times, Jews travelling 
from Gallilee to Jerusalem did not pass through Samaria, 
This was not because of distance; the shortest route 
lay directly through Samaria, But most Jews went the 
long way, crossing to the east side of the Jordan River, 
travelling south past Samaria, and then crossing Jordan 
again directly into Judea, They normally avoided this 
area because, as John 4?9 states, "...the Jews have no 
dealings with the Samaritans." These people were an 
intermingled race — neither Jew nor Gentile, but a mix- 
ture of both. Human nature being what it is, these 
Samaritans were despised by the "pure" Jews. 

Jesus plainly did not accept the prejudices of the 
Jews. He exposed the "hclier-than-thou" attitude and 
showed His distaste for those who pointed to their 
national pedigree for their virtue. "We be the children 
of Abraham" was not a valid claim without the faith and 
conduct of Abraham. 

Evidently because of His disregard for this unfair 
prejudice, Jesus did travel through Samaria. Luke 9; 
51-56 tells of an incident on His way through this area. 
His destination was Jerusalem, and the account says, 
"«,..he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem," 
This must have been evident in His manner, for the 


Samaritans in the village where He planned to stop 
over did not receive Him. Resenting the prejudice and 
discrimination shown them by the Jews, they refused to 
give Jesus the courtesy normally due travellers of 
that time, 

James and John, the "sons of thunder," the ones who 
asked Jesus if they might sit on His right hand and on 
His left in His kingdom, proposed punishment for these 
inhospitable people. "Lord, wilt thou that we command 
fire to come down from heaven and consume them, even 
as Elias did?" We see the extent of the insult the 
Samaritans must have given Jesus to prompt such a 
thought in James and John. But Jesus rebuked them: 
"Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the 
Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to 
save them." And they went to another village. 

How many of us react like James and John? Do we 
wish to see just punishment meted out to ungrateful 
and ingracious people? Sometimes we become provoked, 
and the carnal nature cries out, "Give them what they 
deservel" We, too, need to hear the rebuke of Jesus, 
"Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of." 

Just what manner of spirit are we of? I Peter 2:23 
says about Jesus, "Who, when he was reviled, reviled 
not again j when he suffered, he threatened not; but 
committed himself to him that judgeth righteously." 
This whole epistle of Peter describes this "spirit we 
are of" or manner of the Christian* It tells what our 
conduct should be s unde2r persecution and Insult. We, 
too, are here, not to destroy men f s lives, but to save 
them. The Spirit of God brings love, care, and goodwill. 

We cannot have this attitude of love and willingness 
to help and save others unless we see this world from 
the right perspective. Where and what are our goals? 
If our hopes are on the activities and successes of 
this life, the insults and injustices of this world 
will seem important. We will want to have justice 
(at least for othersl), and every matter must be 
squared up now. The last penny owed us must be paid. 
The borrowed tools returned to us broken must be. fixed ♦ 
The insults must be properly acknowledged and apolo- 
gized for. Before we know it we will be back to "Eye 


for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 
Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe ." 
(Exodus 21:24,25) That *s justice. 

But there is a better way, the way God treats us. 
If we can catch sipht of the larger view that includes 
the prospect of Heaven and God's grace to us, these 
earthly things and happenings will lose their importance. 
When we see that Jesus did not impute our trespasses — 
He did not demand justice — but exercised His infinite 
mercy to us, we will see that we, too, should show 
mercy — that justice here isn't a sufficient answer in 
our dealings with each other, either, 

Jesus said (Luke 19?10), "For the Son of man is come 
to seek and to save that which was lost," regarding His 
accepting the piblican Zacchaeus. He gave the parable 
of the lost sheep to, show His care for men and women, 
boys and girls. John records: "For God sent not his 
Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the 
world through him might be saved," (John 3:17) When 
we can see this in the life of Jesus and understand 
that He wants us to be like Him, then we can comprehend 
better what manner of spirit we are of* Here is love 
without reserve] suffering without retaliation; forgive- 
ness without resentment; wishing good in return for 
evil; and under all, the intense desire (like God's 
desire) that all people might be saved and come to the 
knowledge of the truth. — L.C. 


(This rather long article was translated from the 
German by Joseph Stoli. We present it here as a selec- 
tion from Brother Kenneth Garber. However, Brother James 
Beery also suggested printing parts of it some time ago 
but we failed to get it in. May its message help us 
that our lives may be approved of God. —L.C.) 


Beloved friend, if you desire to live a holy and God- 
pleasing life, and to inherit a home in heaven after 
this life, then you must bring ALL of your life, all 
your thoughts, words, and actions into subjection to 


the teachings of the Bible , as God has commanded* 
(Deut. 5:32,33) This is your only Rulebook of Faith* 
King David wrote, "I thought on my ways, and turned 
my feet unto thy testimonies," (Psalm 119:59), as much 
as to says "I regard and examine all my thoughts, 
words, and deeds, to see if they are according to Thy 
commands, so that, perchance, if I have erred or wan- 
dered from some truth, I may return to the right. " 

First of all, let us consider our thoughts. Take 
the following rules seriously to heart: 

1. Awake in the morning with your thoughts turned 
to God. Think, this might be your last day of life. 
And when you go to bed at night, pause a moment to 
realize that it is unknown to you whether you will 
awake again on this earth, or whether your next awaken- 
ing may be at the resurrection. For this reason, we 
can see that it is expedient to pray daily; in the 
morning and again at evening, come before God upon 
your knees, thanking Him for continued care, confess- 
ing your sins and shortcomings, and praying for for- 

2. Keep free form wicked, idle, or unclean thoughts. 
(Proverbs 4:23) For as your thoughts are, so is your 
speech, your conduct, and your entire way of life. 

3. Think often on the four last things: on death- 
there is nothing of which we are more sure; on the 
Judgment Day — there is nothing more terrible; on hell — 
there is nothing more unbearable; and on Heaven — there 
is nothing more jqyful. He who thinks on these things 
will shun much sin and will be diligent in the way of 

4. On the sabbath especially take note of the won- 
derful works of God; of the creation and governing of 
the world and of our redemption. Make the Lord's day a 
day of prayer, of listening to and studying sermons; 
make it a day of holy thoughts and holy conversation. 
In this way you can keep the sabbath holy, as is so 
often commanded in God's Word. If one does not keep 
the sabbath holy, it is certain that he will also take 
into contempt all the other commandments of G<*d. 

5. In everything you dc, ponder well before ycu 
start what the outcome may be. Think, would you be 


willing to b*- found doing what you plan to do should 
you be calleu that hour by death, to appear before Gcd? 
Never allow yourself to become involved in anything 
which destroys your hope and assurance of salvation. 
Live each day as if it were your last. 

6. If anyone wrongs you, exercise a forgiving spirit 
and patiently dismiss the matter. For if you take the 
wrong to heart and become angry, you hurt no one but 
yourself and only do what your enemy wants you to do. 
If, however, you patiently forgive him, God will in His 
own good time judge the evildoer and bring your inno- 
cence to light. 

7. Beware especially of an uncontented and rebellious 
spirit. Actually, it is through the will and grace of 
God that you suffer and are troubled. God has blessed 
you with unnumbered gifts to supply your needs, and 
likewise for your own good has meted out of trouble 
and pain that you may remain humble. In the midst of 
trouble remember that you through your sinfulness de- 
serve much greater punishment. 

8. If other people praise you, humble yourself. But 
do not praise yourself or boast, for that is the way of 
fools who seek vain praise. Be honest in all your deal- 
ings, and this will be enough reward; then others will 
praise you. 

9. Be not overly concerned in another man*s business, 
and what is of no concern to you, avoid. 

10. In tribulation be patient and humble yourself 
under the mighty hand of God, with these thoughts fore- 
most in your mind; first, that it is God who chasten- 
eth; second, it is for your good; third, God will ease 
the burden; fourth, He will give you strength to endure; 
fifth, He will deliver from affliction at an expedient 

11. Never consider any sin as small or of no account, 
because every sin, though it seem ever so small, is a 
transgression against God. A small sin that is loved 
and nurtured can condemn a man as well as a gross sin, 
A small leak, if not repaired, can sink a ship in time; 
likewise a small sin, if continued without repentance, 
can sink a soul and send it to hell. Beware, then, not 
only of great sins but also of small. Make a habit of 



overcoming every small temptation, and you can be mas- 
ter over great ones, too. Especially shun willful 
sinning, that ye provoke not God to anger; for a truth 
it is hard to obtain forgiveness for sins that were 
willfully committed. 

12. "Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth..." (Pro- 
verbs 24:17) What happens to another today may happen 
to you tomorrow, and he who rejoices at the calamities 
of another shall not go unpunished. (Proverbs 17:5) 

13 » Permit not envy or hatred in your heart, nor 
carry a grudge against anyone. God loved us when we 
were His enemies, and therefore He expects us to love 
our enemies for His sake. It is but a small thing 
for us to forgive our enemies, in comparison to what 
God has forgiven us. Even though you may think your 
enemy unworthy of your forgiveness, it is well worth 
doing it for Christ T s sake. 

14* Do not think any less of a godly and holy life 
because it is held in contempt by the unsaved. For 
the same reason, do not forget the gravity of sin just 
because it is so widespread and most people live a 
sinful life. Righteousness and the majority are not 
always on the same side. The way to hell is always 
full cf wandering souls. (Matthew 7:13) If God should 
ask you on the Judgment Day, "Why did you desecrate 
the sabbath? Why did you indulge in drunkenness? 
Why were you dishonest? Why did you pass your time 
in hating and jealousies?" Would you then answer, 
"Lord, I did so because almost everyone else did so"? 
This will be of all answers the least worthy, and God 
will say, "Because you have sinned with the majority, 
you will go to hell with the majority." 

15* If you have pn important decision to make, or 
you find yourself in circumstances where you know not 
what is best to do cr answer, spend at least one night 
in meditation. You will not be sorry. 

16. Never go to sleep without considering how you 
have spent the day just past, what you accomplished 
for good or evil, and you will readily perceive whether 
you are using your time — fleeting, unredeemable time — 
in a constructive manner or not. (to be continued) 



A cross, you say, I have to bear 

If I in glory a crown would wear? 

My cross, I need never fear, 

For Jesus, my Saviour, is always near. 

As trials and burdens lay me low 5 

And rough and steep my pathway grows, 

He gently lifts my cross and wipes my tears; 

Yes, Jesus, my Saviour, is always near. 

When Satan r s darts are extra sharp, 
Leaving cruel wounds in my heart, 
I have a friend so very dear; 
Jesus, my Saviour, is always near. 

I feel His love; I feel His care 
As down life ! s pathway my cross He shares, . 
Oh! the peace that comes, knowing here* 
Jesus, my Saviour, is always near. 

And when on earth my days shall end, 
I 1 11 leave my cross, as a special friend, 
For it kept Him, whom I love so dear, 
Jesus, my Saviour, always near. 

— June Fountain 
Auburn, California 


ROYER-SCHROCK David Royer and Elva Schrock were unit- 
ed in marriage July 4 at Wakarusa, Indiana. 

New Address: 23300 C,R. 30 

Goshen, Ind. 46526 


Albert Ernst *s Rt. 5, Bo5c 43 

South Fulton, Tennessee 38257 



(In this series on Brethren History we would like 
to present some sketches of the lives of some of the 
early Brethren. The purpose is not to exalt the indi- 
viduals but tc gain insight into the customs and 
thought surrounding the early days of the Brethren 
movement. This selection on Alexander Mack is adapted 
from Brumbaugh's A History of the Brethren . May the 
gl«ry be to God as we read how He worked in the lives 
of men to advance His kingdom in His Son Jesus Christ. 
— L.C.) 


To Alexander Mack the church must ever turn with 
gratitude. In the midst of persecutions and in an age 
of religious fanaticism, surrounded by men of all shades 
of belief, he heroically stood for the truth as he saw 
it« Around him, no doubt impressed by his piety and 
honesty, gathered faithful followers — men and women who 
abandoned former religious organisations and stood with 
him for the truth of God as revealed in Christ. To him 
we are indebted for our church organization and for 
upholding the principles that bind into a Christian 
unity the members of God f s visible church. 

He was born in 1679 at Schriesheim an der Bergstrasse* 
He was a wealthy man, owning mills and vineyards. He 
was born of pious parents and in the Presbyterian 
(Reformed) faith. . He early became dissatisfied with 
the ecclesiastic domination of the state religions and 
became a Separatist. With his wife, Anna Margaretha, 
he endured persecution for his conscience's sake and 
eventually was obliged to leave home and put himself 
and family under the friendly protection of Count Henry 
of Schwarzenau. This was prior to 1708. At Schwarze- 
nau he became identified with the Pietist, Hochmann, 
and accompanied him upon many of his journeys along 
the Rhine. On these journeys Mack frequently preached 
to the persecuted people, and longed for the time when 
they, with his own dear ones might have religious rest 
and a church home. 

During all this time Alexander Mack was a careful 


student of the Bible and of all theological works. He 
knew the history of the church from the apostolic age 
to his own time. Convinced at last that it was imposs- 
ible to live in the organized churches and equally im- 
possible to please God by remaining simply a Separatist, 
he resolved to organize a new church, based upon primi- 
tive Christianity and honoring the ordinances as com- 
manded by Christ. Upon the question of baptism he took 
advanced grounds, insisting that it should be r, in flow- 
ing water and with complete submersion.* 1 ... 

As soon as the church was organized at Schwarzenau, 
Alexander Mack became its pastor. He was the instru- 
ment in God's hands for a great work. The congregation 
prospered. Branch congregations were created, and 
finally at Creyfelt an independent congregation was 
organized. When Peter Becker came tc America in 1719, 
Mack was in full sympathy with his coming and even then 
looked forward to the time when he could also come to 
America. The death of Count Henry at Schwarzenau led 
to violent persecutions, and the mother congregation 
under Mack fled to West Friesland for protection in 
1720. Here some Hollanders were won to the church* 
But news of the good work at Germantown reached the 
exiled Brethren, and they decided to come to Pennsyl- 

Accordingly about thirty families including Alexander 
Mack, his wife, and three sons sailed in the ship Allen, 
under command of James Craigie, from Rotterdam via Cowes, 
and after a tempestuous and perilous voyage of seventy- 
one days, they landed at Philadelphia September 15, 1729 • 

At Germantown Alexander Mack found a warm welcome, 
and the hearts of all were cheered and comforted at so 
large an increase in the membership* Over this congre- 
gation he presided with great wisdom and skill. He 
went to the Schuylkill (Coventry) and ordained Martin 
Urner as bishop of the Coventry church. Thus the suc- 
cession in ordination came throughjdack and Urner to 
all succeeding bishops of the church. In his ministry 
he was assisted by Peter Becker, and the Germantown 
congregation became a center of great influence. The 
work of Mack attracted the attention of Christoph Saur 
who removed from the Conestoga country to Geraiantown 


in 1731 9 and i n Saur ! s house Mack and Becker preached 
for many years, until a son of Mack and the son of 
Saur took the oversight of the church and managed it 
with great skill and piety until they were gathered to 
their fathers* 

Mack was a man of quiet spirit. He never antagonized 
anyone, but always held to the faith he loved. He was 
not easily convinced of any new doctrine, and he looked 
with suspicion upon all movements and men at variance 
with the plain teachings of the Bible. 

In 1700 Alexander Mack was married to Anna Margar- 
etha Klingen, a native of the same place as Mack and 
about the same age* To them were born three sons and 
two daughters: Alexander, John Valentine, Johannes, 
Christina, and Anna Maria, The daughters died young. 
His wife and sons accompanied him to West Friesland in 
1720, and to Germantown in 1729. The sons all joined 
the church at Germantown in their seventeenth year as 
also did Christopher Sower. 

When Mack came to America in 1729 he found a sad 
state of affairs. The Germantown and Coventry Brethren 
were faithfully following the true practices of the 
church. Bat in the Conestoga country Beissel and his 
followers had withdrawn, rebaptized themselves, formed 
a new community, observed Saturday as the Sabbath, and 
began to proselyte kin the faithful congregations. 

That this unfortunate division saddened and short- 
ened the life of Alexander Mack is doubtless true. He 
died February 19, 1735. 

What a life of . persecution he endured I Driven from 
his prosperous home and his property at Schriesheim, 
he found refuge at Schwarzenau, Persecuted and exiled 
from Schwarzenau, in 1720, he found a refuge in West 
Priesland; from which place, in 1729, he fled to Ameri- 
ca only to find here, in the land of religious liberty, 
discord and disunion. In his life he exemplified the 
doctrine his followers love, founded a church that has 
steadily grown to splendid proportions, and won the ad- 
miration and respect of all persons. In his death, he 
drew his sorrowing followers still closer to him and 
bequeathed to his people a rich legacy of truth. 

Adapted from B;n^attgfa4e~- Histor y of the Brethren 



Word pictures I think that I paint in ink, 
Writing them out in rhyming verse; 

God's inspiration, my preparation; 
His part the best, my part the worse* 

It's my glad duty to show the beauty 

Of God's works in heaven and earth; 
Glorification of Christ's salvation, 

That men may praise His matchless worth* 

The people I prod, to know a-f #ur God 

Who gives to us our life and mind; 
Appreciation for God's creation, 

I want to show to all mankind. 

Pray that this poet may always show it, 

In all that he may say and do. 
Kay God's shining light from heaven's great height 

Give endless life to me and you. 

By Hollis Edward Flora 

"But there is a spirit in man: and the 
inspiration of the. Almighty giveth them 
understanding." (Elihu) 

—Job 32:8 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Cali- 
fornia, have agreed to held our Fall Love feast Meeting, 
the Lord willing, at Salida on October 17 and 18. We 
sincerely invite and welcome all our dear brethren 
and sisters and friends to come and be with us at this 
time of communion and spiritual' revival m May God 
richly bless this coming meeting and all who attend. 

• — Joseph L« Cover 





"Birdscng for beauty, Brooksong for rest} 
Hear nature singing — Hear, and be blest ♦" 

Try to picture the flashing beams of sunlight as 
they dart from the exploring gases of the sun and speed 
to our earth far away, I wonder; are they making a 
beautiful music which only God can hear? Do they 
quietly hum with joy as they flash through the empty 
reaches of space, then sing louder as they pierce the 
blanket of air arourid the earth, filter through the 
treetops, through my window, and onto my chair** 

Knowing God as we do, it really shouldn't surprise 
us one bit. Dogs can hear noises which we cannot hear* 
Some birds have songs pitched so high that we cannot 
hear them properly* God enjoys much music that misses 
our ears altogether* 

Our Creator loves beautiful music. He once told 
J#b about the time when the earth was created, ,f When 
the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of 
God shouted for joy *;" God created thousands of birds 
to sing their various musical songs* He taught the 
lowly insects their choruses. Even the creatures in 
the depths of the sea send forth strange sounds through 
the dark waters. But, of all the music that God hears, 
He likes the singing of His own children the best. 

What kind of songs do you sing? Do you sing joyful 
songs— happy songs from a happy heart? Singing helps 
to make us happy, doesn*t it? We won't feel grouchy 
very long, and we cannot quarrel, while we sing, May 
God bless all His children to sing humbly and whole - 
heartedly for His joy and to His glory and praise* 

— Stanley K. Brubafcer 

19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif* 


VOL. 28 AUGUST, 19S1 NO. 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Help me tc walk so close to Thee 
That those who know me best can see, 
I live as godly as I pray, 
And Christ is real from day to day. 

I see some once a day or yeaj* — 
To them I blameless might apj^arj 
*Txs easy to be kind and swee*i 
To people whom we seldom meet. 

But in my home are those who see. 
Too many times the worst of me. 
My hymns of praise were best unalng, 
If I do not control my tongue— 

When I am vexed and sorely tried, 
And my impatience cannot hide. 
May no one stumble over md, 
Because Thy love they failed to see. 

But give me, Lord, a life that sings, 
And victory over little things. 
Give me Thy calm for every rear, 
Thy peace for every fallen tear. 

Make mine, oh Lord, through calm and strife 
A gracious and unselfish life. 
Help me with those who knt>w me best, 
For Jesus 1 sake to stand %he test, 

— Author unknown 

"THE! F*S LGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonder- 
fully made. . . " King David wrote in Psalm 139:14. 
The complexity of the created man and the abilities 
of the body exceed our knowledge. Scientists are 
still investigating, among other parts, the marvels 
of the cells, the building blocks of all living crea- 
tures. The way they are put together to form a work- 
able body is a wonder only God could invent. Kno wing- 
that this is true, why does Paul in Philip pians 3:21 
refer to the body as "our vile body"? (Other trans- 
lations render this "the body of our humiliation" or 
some similar phrase,) The same apostle writes in 
Ephesians 5:29, "For no man ever yet hated his own 
flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the 
Lord the church." It is natural for us to care for 
our bodies. After all, this is where" we live and 
talk and see, hear, smell, feel. 

But however wonderful and useful, however near and 
dear, the body is still a part of "this present world 1 . 
It belongs to time and is listed with the limited and 
temporary things. I Corinthians 15:50 reads, "Now 
this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot in- 
herit the kingdom 'of God; neither doth corruption in- 
herit ineorruption." The body is one of the things 
that are seen which axe temporal; but the things 
which are not seen are eternal. (II Corinthians 4:18) 

So in one sense our bodies appear as a tool or an 
item to be used for a time. We believe that our be- 
ings do not end when the body dies, but that we go to 
be with the Lord. The mysteries surrounding this 
change are only partly revealed. But we do know that 
someday "we" will leave these bodies. One has said, 
"We ought not to think of ourselves as a body pos- 
sessing a soul, but as a soul possessing a body." 

So, then the body is something that can be used — 
for good or evil purposes. It appears as something 


to be used for a time and then discarded. But while 
these bodies are in use, it goes without saying that 
they are tremendously important to us. And God has 
given us directions for their proper use. The body 
can be either "the temple of the Holy Ghost which is 
in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own" 
(I Corinthians 6:19); or it can be a shameful dis- 
honor as in Romans 1:24-. 

The body of the Christian is to be adorned in a 
special manner. Paul and Peter both write about this, 
directing their appeals especially to women, perhaps 
because women have a greater temptation to dress to 
attract a man and to impress each other. But the 
principle surely applies to both men and women. I 
Timothy 2:9,10: "In like manner also, that women a- 
dorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefaced- 
ness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or 
pearls, or costly array; But (which become th women 
professing godliness) with good works." I Peter 3:3, 
4: "Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorn- 
ing of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or 
of putting on of apparel; But let it be the hidden 
man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, 
even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which 
is in the sight of God of great price." 

To adorn the body with gold, putting on apparel, 
etc. is to call attention to it. Paul tells us (I 
Corinthians 9:27) in regards to temperance and being 
fit to run the race and gain the incorruptible cro\<n, 
"But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjec- 
tion: lest that -by any means, when 1 have preached to 
others, I myself should be a castaway." He speaks 
here of a life-and-death struggle in which the body 
must be brought into subjection (not put forward and 
emphasized as worldly adornment tends to do) in order 
to win the crown and not be lost. To Paul it was a 
vital issue — one demanding action and effort to keep 
the body in control. Of course, he refers to more 
than just the adornment of the body, but to its habits 
and usefulness. Satan, through the fashions of the 
world, would have us draw attention to our bodies and 
make them instruments of lust and pride in direct 


contradiction to God's Word. We follow this influence 
at our own peril and in disregard to God's warnings. 

When God created Adam and Eve, the record says, 
"they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were 
not ashamed. 11 (Genesis 2:25) But when they ate the 
forbidden fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good 
and evil, "the eyes of them both were opened and they 
knew that they were naked. . . " This was a direct re- 
sult of the disobedience and fall of man. In our time 
when men doubt there was a fall and substitute the ev- 
olution theory for the truth of creation in Genesis, 
it is no wonder they would also ignore the facts of 
the nakedness of the human body without proper cloth- 
ing. With Hollywood and the entertainment world at 
the frunt and. Satan behind the scenes, our country 
(and the world in general) which started with such 
modesty of dress, has swallowed the line and accepted 
great degrees of nakedness as common custom for summer- 
time. Some who would not appear on a street or in a 
store in scanty clothing would still feel it is accept- 
able at a public beach or swimming pool. Christian 
women and men, too, can well ask ourselves, "Who is 
setting our standard of dress?" Is it sometimes hard 
for us to defend the modest clothing promoted by the 
church of Jesus Christ while at the same time we would 
condone scanty clothing because everyone is doing it? 
Sometimes we are ashamed in the wrong areas. Before 
Adam and Eve fell, there was no reason to be ashamed 
of their nakedness; but afterwards, they were greatly 
ashamed and knew they needed clothing. Jesus, through 
John the revelator, counseled the Laodiceans to "buy 
of me . . . white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, 
and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear, . .» 
He was speaking of the spiritual clothing of righteous- 
ness but the comparison to the physical gives us a 
lesson here also. Consciousness of the shame of naked- 
ness should be a part of the early training of our 

The argument is given that it is too hot in the 
summer" for clothing that covers our bodies well. Ac- 
tually, in the hottest countries they know how to keep 
cool best with loose clothing that covers the body 
shading it from the hot sun. * $ 


Paul tells us very realistically: ". . . Now the 
body is not for fornication, but for the Lord| and the 
Lord for the body. And God hath both raised up the 
Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power. . . 
Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is with- 
out the body; but he that commit teth fornication sin- 
neth against his own body." (I Cor. 6:13-18) This is 
true whether society agrees or not. Today it is com- 
mon for couples to "live together" to see whether they 
are compatible before they are married. God's way is 
for the intimate relationship of man and woman to be 
allowed only within the sacred bond and vows and re- 
sponsibilities of marriage. No' amount of public opin- 
ion or common usage will change the Word of God. 

With all this, has the usefulness of the body only 
a negative side? Are there only abuses to guard a- 
gainst and no positive action to recommend? Certainly 
when the body is the temple of the Holy Ghost it is 
positively useful in God's kingdom. Paul says (Gal. 
6:17), ". . . for I bear in my body the marks of the 
Lord Jesus." The battle-scarred and weary body of the 
apostle had been the tool in God's hands for the sal- 
vation in Christ of many, including those who even now 
read the words written by his hand and spoken by his 
tongue. He wrote in Philip plans 1:20,21, "According 
to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing 
I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as al- 
ways, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, 
whether it be by life, or by death. For to me to live 
is Christ, and to die is gain." We are to "present 
(our) bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto 
God, which is your reasonable service." (Romans 12:1) 

The bodies of those sanctified to God's use are 
both beautiful and useful. "How beautiful upon the 
mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good hi- 
dings, that publisheth peace j that bringeth good ti- 
dings of good„ that publisheth salvation i that saith 
unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!" (Isaiah 52:7) "I will 
therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy- 
hands , without wrath and doubting." (I Timothy 2:8} 
"And the very God of peace sanctify you whollyj and I 
pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be 

(continued on page 9} 




Part II: Words 

1 . Think! For every idle word you speak you must 
give account thereof in the day of judgment. (Matthew 
12:36) n In the multitude of words there wanteth not 
sin. 11 (Proverbs 10:19) Seek to avoid, therefore, all 
non-edifying talkj let your words be thoughtful, few, 
and true.. Consider beforehand if what you are about 
to say is worth saying. Practice saying much with 
few words. Never present a tale as true unless you 
know for certain that it is soj it is better to say 
nothing at all than to say something that may turn 
out to be false or otherwise of no value. 

For once it becomes known that you are not con- 
scientious to always speak only the truth, no one 
will believe you even when you do speak the truth. 
If, however, you have great respect for the truth 
your every word will carry more weight than those 
spoken under oath by a liar. 

2. If you desire in honorable company to be joyful 
take care that your merriment prove worthy of Chris- 
tian love, purity, and respectability. Avoid, there- 
fore, rude insults, mocking speech, indecent words, 
and filthy jokes of which respectable people would be 
ashamed. First, because lewd conversation of this 
sort is outward proof of an unregenerate heart; "For 
out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. 11 
(Matthew 12:34) Second, because smutty humor and im^ 
modest words smooth the road to dishonorable deeds. 

Yet you may say, "One must have something to say 
when in company with his friends to pass the time and 
to delight each other." This is indeed a wretched 
excuse. Such mirth is clearly forbidden by God's 
Word. "Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor 
jesting, which are not convenient," says the Apostle 
Paul, are to be permitted. "For because of these 
things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of 
disobedience." (Ephesians 5:4,6) Through such evil 
talk and vain mirth the Holy Spirit of God is grieved. 
(Ephesians 4-: 29-30) 

Thk FljUUaxia 

The tongue is the glory of man and the honor of the 
body. Shall it then be misused in unwholesome speech? 
When the tongue becomes corrupt it defileth the whole 
body, filling it with unrighteousness. See James 3:6. 
Loath all filthiness; let your speech be always full 
of love and to the edification of those who hear you, 
that they may be strengthened thereby. Use the gift 
of speech as a means of rebuking the idle, of in- 
structing the ignorant, and of comforting the trou- 
bled. God will reward you with a fuller measure of 
His gifts. See Mark 4:25* 

3. Be especially diligent to keep free from the 
vulgar thoughtless habit of swearing and the profane 
use of the holy name of God. It is indisputable ev- 
idence of a frivolous, impious, and ungodly character. 
It is also true that he who seeks with oaths to add 
strength and truth to his words is seldom a man of 
integrity; for if he has no scruples against misusing 
God's name, why should one suppose that he has any 
conscience against lying? "But let your communication 
be, lea, yea; Nay, nay; for whatsoever is more than 
these cometh of evilJ 1 (Matthew 5:37) And that you 
might the better avoid profaneness, seek not the com- 
panionship of the profane, where you, too, may through 
familiarity fall into the habit. Rebuke a friend for 
profaneness, if he accepts it; if not, there is no 
gain in rebuking. See Proverbs 9:8. 

4. Be not too ready to believe everything you hear, 
and do not repeat everything you hear, lest in this 
way you lose a friend and gain an enemy. When you 
hear complaint or gossip about another, thoroughly 
investigate the actual circumstances before offering 
your criticism or passing your opinion. 

5. Confide to no one your personal secrets unless 
you have beforehand found him to be worthy of your 
trust. Here is one way to prove him and learn to 
know him well: confide to him some secret of small 
importance; if he keeps it to himself it is an indica- 
tion of his trustworthiness. However, it is not wise 
to inform any friend carelessly of all your secrets. 
There is a possibility that at some later time you 
may have sharp differences and then he may use his 
knowledge to your harm. 


6. Do not speak evil of friends; /rather, speak • 
well of them wherein they deserve praise. What is not 
praiseworthy keep to yourself. Slanderings and scorn- 
ful gossip are poison to any friendship . If you are 
present when others speak disrespectfully of one who 
is absent, search first your own heart before joining 
in; without doubt you will find there the same (or 
greater) shortcomings. This should move you to better 
yourself, and yet keep you from speaking evil of 
others and belittling them. 

7. When you need advice do not seek a counselor on 
the basis of his prestige or esteem among the people. 
Go to those who have experience in that concerning 
which you seek counsel. For if a man accustomed to 
recognition above his fellows gives you advice, and 
you do not comply with his recommendations because you 
feel they are impractical for you, he may be insulted 
and become your enemy. 

8. If someone with good intentions gives you advice 
which turns out to be not good, do not hold it against 
him. For even a good counsel sometimes fails, and 
there is no one on earth who can tell what the future 
holds. No one is wise enough or has foresight enough 
to do so. Do not scoff at the advice of unaccomplished 
brethren who have your welfare at heart. 

9- Do not make fun of another's weaknesses. In- 
stead, think of your own shortcomings. (Galatians 6) 
We all have our weak points, and there is none of whom 
others say not, "0 that this or that were different." 
Either we are, or , have been, or may become subject to 
most anything, even as others. Therefore show pa- 
tience and sympathy toward your brother's weaknesses 
and mistakes. At the same time, do not strengthen him 
in sin by your nonchalance or by neglecting brotherly 
admonitions and reproof. If you wish to admonish a 
brother be careful to bring your reproof at a suitable 
time; for a reproof at the wrong time may easily do 
more harm than good, especially if the rebuke is too 
sharp or not tempered with gentleness. A reproof is 
like a salad; it needs more oil than vinegar. 

10. Make a habit of not discussing or judging' an- 
other's words unless you know you have heard and under- 
stood aright what they meant to sav. 


11. You cannot have disputes and divisions with 
fellow humans and still have peace with God, If you 
love God, you must also love your fellow men, because 
God has commanded it. 

12. Patiently bear your cross without complaining; 
for your adversary may rejoice at your discomfiture, 
and others will think less of you, 

13. Consider him a friend who rebukes you private- 
ly. It is a pitiful state of affairs indeed, for a 
man to have no one who dares to correct him when he 
has need of it. For such a man is likely to think he 
makes no mistakes if he receives no reproof, and will 
live on in error to his own destruction. Whereas, 
this might be prevented by an earnest appeal from a 
friend . 

Everyone most certainly needs instruction at times. 
The eye sees all and seeks the improvement of all, 
but it cannot see itself to aid its own improvement. 
Thus it is with us— we are so prejudiced in our own 
favor that we cannot see our own mistakes and short- 
comings as easily as those of others. Therefore, it 
is very necessary that we have their help, since they 
can see our needs much more clearly than we ourselves 
can. Regardless whether' reproof is given justly or 
unjustly, whether it comes from a friend or an enemy 
it can do a wise and understanding person no harm; 
for if it be well-grounded it is a reminder to better 
himself, and if it be false it can serve as a warning 
of what to shun* If you are a person who cannot bear 
reproof, your only choice is to never do anything 
wrong. (to be continued) 

Selected by Kenneth Garber 

(Continued from page 5) 

preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus 
Christ." (I Thessalonians 5:23) 

If we give proper attention to the sanctification 
of our bodies to the Master's use, we will have less 
trouble with the temptations to use them wrongly, a- 
dorn them unnecessarily, or expose them sinfully! 
Develop good habits. Feed your body properly and 
moderately. Get plenty of rest and exercise. Eemem^ 


ber that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost 
which is in you, which ye have of God, and je are not 
your own * Realize each day that your days, hours, and 
minutes are to be used to glorify God in your bodies 
and in your spirits, which are God's. This can be 
done in the daily pursuits of life — in study and wor- 
ship and also In honest labor, in keeping the home, 
rearing children, and encouraging and helping one an- 

The rest of our title Scripture speaks of the final 
change when we will have new bodies that are like our 
Lord's when we see Him as He is. "Who shall change 
our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his 
glorious body, according to the working whereby he Is 
able even to subdue all things unto himself." --L.C. 


Ah, precious story of Esther 

Before the tyrant king; 
The scepter in his mighty arm 

Her joy — or death — would bring. 

He looked at her, and loved her — 
Then raised the scepter high! 

His love could not deny her; 
He would not let her. die. 

And so came I, a sinner, 
Into God's courts alone; 

And, trembling at His glory, 
I knelt before His throne. 

In fearful apprehension — 

What sentence mine, but death? 

I pled my cause for mercy, 

Then scarce could draw a breath. 

Who could procure my pardon? 

For Hell was justly mine; 
My soul could gain no reason 

For hope of grace divine. 


Then haili What wondrous mercy I 

The golden scepter raised! 
Angelic halleluiahs 

The great Redeemer praised. 

And lo, I looked around me; 

His court was filled with tears! 
For millions knelt beside me, 

Forgiven through the years. 

Blood-bought, they bowed before Him, 

Uncounted souls forgiven; 
The raptures of their ransom 

They shouted through the Heaven, 

In heartfelt adorations 

They sang His joyful praise I 
Come, sinner 1 Will you join them — 

God ! s arm again to raise? 

Oh sinner, how He loves you! 

He would not let you die # 
The scepter waits in justice — 

Let mercy lift it high! 

"And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call 
on the name of the Lord shall be saved," (Acts 2:21) 

— Stanley Brubaker, Goshen, Indiana 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Calif, 
have agreed to hold our Fall Lovefeast, the Lord willing, 
at Salida on Oct, 17 & 18. We sincerely welcome all to 
come and be with us at this time of communion and re- 
vival. —Joseph L. Cover 

We, the Old Brethren of the eastern district have a- 
greed, the Lord willing, to hold our Fall Lovefeast on 
Oct. 3 & 4 in our meeting house near Bradford, Ohio* 
Communion with the Canada members will be held, the Lord 
willing, on Aug. 30 near Maple, Ont, A hearty invita- 
tion is extended to all of our members and friends t6 
be with us and enjoy a time of fellowship and spiritual 

u P lifU — Melvin Coning 



Among the great preachers of the church in Germany 
the name of John Naas stands equal to the best, Naas 
was, next to Mack, the most influential and successful 
defender of the faith. 

He early identified himself with the persecuted 
ones in the Marienborn district and finally with them 
settled at Creyfelt. Here he was active in the dis- 
charge of his duties as elder of the congregation. He 
was born about 1670, at Norten in Westphalia, and was 
twice married. His first wife died in Germany. By 
this marriage he had at least one child, a daughter, 
who became the wife of Brother William Grau at Crey- 
felt. His second wife, Margaret, and a daughter, 
Elisabeth, accompanied him to America in 1733; a mar- 
ried son, Jacob Wilhelm, remained in Germany until 


August 26, 1735, forty-five emigrants, late inhab- 
itants of the canton of Bern, in Switzerland, in the 
ship Billander Oliver , Samuel Merchant, Master, landed 
at Philadelphia. In this number was Jacob Wilhelm 
Naas and his wife Mary. 

John Naas was a liberal man, and in administering 
the office of elder at Creyfelt, greatly endeared him- 
self to the members. With the congregation, he op- 
posed Christian Libe and four single brethren in their 
efforts to expel the young minister Hooker at Greyfelt. 
This led to a controversy between Naas and Libe in 
which the former called the latter a pill-monger and 
withdrew from Creyfelt and lived in great pain and re- 
tirement, perhaps in Switzerland, until he was urged 
by Mack to come to America. 

George Adam Martin calls him "the incomparable 
teacher", and again "the blessed teacher". 

John Naas was a man of commanding figure. In the 
year 1715, accompanied by Brother Jacob Priesz, he 
traveled through the country from Creyfelt to Marien- 
born and Epstein, proclaiming the Gospel of our Lord. 
At this time Creyfelt was under the control of the 


King of Prussia. The king's recruiting officers were 
canvassing the country to secure recruits for the 
Prussian army. Every one of sturdy appearance was 
compelled to enter the service. The king was espe- 
cially anxious to secure tall, strong men for his own 
body or life guard. 

John Naas was just such a man. He was a head 
taller than any other person in the community, and 
was possessed of a stout, athletic constitution, com- 
bined with such grace and nobleness of demeanor as 
almost to strike a stranger with awe. Priesz, on the 
contrary, was a small, feeble man. 

One day they met the king's recruiting officers, 
whereupon Naas was seized and urged to enlist. He 
refused. They tortured him to compel him to submit. 
These tortures consisted of pinching, thumb screwing, 
etc. But he steadfastly refused. They then hung him 
up with a heavy cord by his left thumb and right 
great toe, in which painful and ignominious position 
they meant to leave him suspended until he should • 
yield to their demands. 

This did not cause him to consent, and, fearing 
that they would kill him if they longer continued 
their barbarous torture, they cut him down and dragged 
him by force into the presence of the king. 

They explained to the king what they had qone and 
told the king how resolutely- and stubbornly he with- 
stood their efforts to enlist him. The king eyed 
Elder Naas closely and said, "Why, yes! we would 
much like to have him. Tell me why you refuse to en- 

"Because," answered the noble Christian*, "I cannot, 
as I have long ago enlisted in the noblest and best 
army; and I cannot become a traitor to my ling." 

"And who is your captain?" asked the king. 

my Captain," answered he, "is the great Prince 
Immanuel, our Lord Jesus Christ. I have espoused his 
cause, and cannot and will not forsake him," 

"Neither will I then ask you to do so," answered 
the noble ruler, handing him a gold coin as a reward 
for his fidelity. The king then released him. 

It may be of interest to know that the historic 
Rhine was the scene of a remarkable baptisjtu The 


record of the event is found in the printed "Apology" 
of Alexander Mack, Jr., in which, as the title in full 
reveals, a defense of trine immersion is made. He 
adds personal testimony as follows: 

"I have to testify before God that in these cold, 
Western countries, in the short time of my pilgrimage 
here, over a thousand people, of various natures, have 
been baptized by immersion, and, indeed, many of them 
in the cold winter. I have not heard of a single one 
that had caused to him the least harm or affliction to 
the health of his body. On the contrary, conscientious 
men bear testimony that they had had infirmities and 
lost them through the Word in water baptism. 

"I shall relate only one example from among a large 
number. Something more than 66 years ago (hence be- 
fore 1722), there was in Europe in Chur Pfaltz in 
Rheindecken, in a little village close to the Rhine, 
not far from Mannheim, a sister who had long been sick 
and bedfast so that her friends did not believe that 
she could get well. 

"It now pleased Providence to let it so happen that 
a teacher of Anabaptism, by the name of John Naas, 
came to visit some friends at this place. He dwelt 
with godly conversation in order to edify the friends 
gathered there, and at the same place where the sick 
sister was, so that she would be able to hear with 
them. In this way he caused the sick woman to give 
ear; and she made known how that she had a strong de- 
sire to be baptized after the manner of the early 

"Her friends that were present made objections and 
expressed their doubt of the advisability of attempt- 
ing such a thing, because she was so very weak that 
she could not be taken to the Rhine; and even if she 
could be gotten there with a great deal of trouble and 
pain, she might die in the hands of the baptizer, 
which would be the cause of a great wrong. 

"John Naas, however, went to the sick woman's bed, 
spoke with her and said: 'Have you faith (do you be- 
lieve) that thie work of the Lord can yet be performed 
to your sick body? 1 She answered, ! Ies. f Thereupon 


he said, f I also believe it, so let it be undertaken 
with thee* ' 

"At this the friends withdrew their objections and 
made preparations to satisfy the sister and her faith. 
They took her up, dressed her for baptism, and led or 
carried her by both arms, with much suffering, into 
the Rhine. There she knelt down in the name of Jesus 
and was by John Naas immersed in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. After 
this there was the laying on of hands, and prayer of- 
. fered over her, and she was healed, die 'went up out 
of the water with great rejoicing before all the oth- 
ers, and when she came home she ministered to them." 

Alexander Mack also held Brother NaaS in high es- 
teem and urged him to come to America, forget the un- 
fortunate affair at Creyfelt, and join heartily in the 
Lord's work in America. Glad to be near those of like 
precious faith and parting with his children and grand- 
children, accompanied by his wife and one daughter, he 
sailed on the brigantine Pennsylvania Merchant , John 
Stedman, Master, from Rotterdam, touching at Plymouth, 
and landing in Philadelphia in September, 1733- They 
qualified September 18, 1733. . . 

When the vessel carrying Brother Naas arrived at 
Philadelphia he says they were "met by brethren and 
sisters," at the head of this band of welcomers was 
Alexander Mack. Whatever differences may have existed 
at Creyfelt between Brother Naas and Brother Libe were 
here in prayer and contrition dropped; and, accom- 
panied by four families, Brother Naas went soon to 
Amwell, New Jersey, where he was elder of the congre- 
gation from its inception till his death, May 12, 174-1. 
This congregation. was most prosperous under his direc- 
tion and was the means of sending a large number of 
able Brethren into the Lord's vineyard. He is buried 
at Amwell by the side of his wife and twenty children. 
(Doubtless spiritual children.) 

From Brumbaugh *s Histo ry of the Brethren 

pages 100-107, 124 



The four little foxes had just been born a few 
days ago in their snug mountain den. But now they 
were cold, very hungry, and puzzled. Where was the 
mother who had fed them and cared for them the first 
days of their life? And what was this str«tnge smell 
of smoke that occasionally drifted into their nursery? 

The young foxes had no way of knowing that, only 
the day before, an angry forest fire had trapped their 
parents while they were hunting for food, and had taken 
their lives. Nor could they know that they, too, would 
perish, before many days, from starvation and thirst. 

If the timing had been different they would all 
have lived. If the parents had been closer to the den 
... if the wind had shifted sooner. . . if the pups 
had been born earlier — but the timing was wrong. 

The Bible says that "To every thing there is a 
season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: 
A time to be born, and a time to diej a time to plant, 
and a time to pluck up that which is planted." It is 
important that we not only know what God wants us to 
do , but when to do it . Fruit that is picked too soon 
tastes terribly sour. Newborn kittens must not be 
handled until the proper time. If a batter swings his 
bat too soon , or too late , he misses the ball. 

Timing is important in working with people, too. 
Interrupting is speaking at the wrong time. Prompt- 
ness is being on time , doing tasks without delay. 
Procrastination is putting something off too long. 

Every day brings us closer to eternity. Let f s 
thank God often for our time — and let's use it well! 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 


19201 Cherokee Rd, 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1981 NOS. 9 & 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Jesus calls us c ! er the tumult 
Of our life's wild, restless sea; 
Day by day I hear Him saying , 
"Christian, come and follow me J 1 

As, of old, disciples heard it 

By the Galilean lake, 

Turned from home and work and leisure, 

Leaving all for His dear sake: 

In our joys and in our sorrows. 
Days of toil and hours of ease, 
Still He calls in cares and pleasures, 
"Christian, love me more than these." 

Jesus calls us; by Thy mercies, 
Saviour, may we hear Thy call, 
Give our hearts to Thine obedience, 
Serve and love Thee best of all. 

Cecil Frances Alexander 


THE F'lL-GRlM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


The speaker was a big, husky man, obviously used to 
giving orders and being obeyed. He had been a suc- 
cessful leader and disciplinarian in several schools 
and had a special system of discipline to teach for 
school situations. He told his audience, "If you want 
to have a successful program of discipline, you must 
not think you can give your instructions and promote 
your ideas at the end of a day or work it in between 
classes. You must give it prime time! He spoke as 
one experienced, and his instructions seemed worth re- 

How well this can apply to many programs and espe- 
cially to our Christian service. If you want it to be 
successful, "Give it prime time." 

Sometimes we try to meditate or study at the end of 
a busy day. We sit down and, perhaps out of a sense 
u£ duty, pick up the Word of God and begin to read. 
The events of the day crowd in or perhaps we get 
sleepy. I have found myself reading a half chapter or 
even more and suddenly realize I could not tell even 
the outstanding points of what I have read. God wants 
our best and first, not cur last and drowsiest. How 
much better, for those who can, to get up earlier and 
devote the first and best time of the day to God. 

When we prepare for an occupation or a profession, 
we plan and study and get all the information we can — 
perhaps devoting years to this preparation. Doctors 
are required to spend most of their youth in study. 
Farmers do the best when they have actually grown up 
in the occupation, absorbing and living the many de- 
tails it requires to make successful farmers. But for 
some reason, the adversary successfully convinces many 
that the Christian life can be prepared for and lived 
out on bits and pieces of time — at the end of a day 


or once a week — anything but prime time . we need that 
for our jobsJ 

In all fairness , our occupations do take much of 
our time — our prime time. But people today have more 
leisure time than ever before, and we can find time 
for things we count important. (Some can even med- 
itate or memorize on the job, or on the way to and 
from work.) If God is actually first in our lives, 
we will be able to make time for the service He gives 
us to perform. 

God gave Israel directions to devote the first 
fruits and the firstborn to Him. The sacrifices were 
to be the best of the flock. Is He satisfied with a 
half-hearted service today? He told Israel by the 
prophet halachi (1 :8), "And if ye offer the blind for 
sacrifice, is it not evil? and if ye offer the lame 
and sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy gov- 
ernor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy 
person? saith the Lord of hosts." We want to do our 
best for Important people; how much more for our God! 

During the three year famine in Ahab's time, the 
widow of Zarephath was down to her last meager meal. 
She was out gathering sticks for a fire to bake a 
small cake for herself and her son from her last hand- 
ful cf meal and the last bit of oil. The prophet 
Elijah met her and asked her for a drink and a "morsel 
of bread". We can imagine her despair when, even 
knowing her need, the prophet asked her to make him 
a little cake first . When she obeyed and put God r s 
work first she was blest above measure. And so will 
we be if we put God first. 

Young people, devote the first and best years of 
your life tc Jesus and His work. If He has the pre- 
eminence in our lives, all our time will be His — all 
our means will be at His disposal. "But seek ye first 
the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all 
these things shall be added unto you. " Give Him your 
prime time. — L.G. 

We love him, because he first loved us. 

—I John 4:19 



Part III; Works 

1. Do no evil, even if it is in thy power to do 
so. Do nothing in secret of which you would need to 
be ashamed before men. Remember with Joseph that, 
though no man sees, God sees all; and that your con- 
science will testify against you. Abhor all sins, not 
alone those that are apparent to others, but also se- 
cret sins. For even as God Is a righteous God, so 
will He, if you do not repent, bring all your hidden 
sins to light. (I Corinthians 4:5; Psalm 50:21 ) 

2. btand firm, with all your strength, against 
your bosom sins, those which your personal nature, 
more than any other sin, has a tendency to commit. 
One man loves the honor of men; another has a love 
for money; a third may tend to drunkenness; a fourth 
to the sins of the flesh; a fifth to pride, etc. 
Against your strongest evil inclinations you must 
above all others defend yourself, for if you overcome 
them you can easily master other temptations. As a 
fowler retains control of bird by one leg, so has 
Satan that man in his power who succumbs to one temp- 
tation, and this as fully as if he fell to all. 

3. If you desire to avoid sin you will need to 
shun every occasion and opportunity that tends to 
evil-doing. He who does not avoid the conditions 
that lead to evil can not expect to overcome sin* 
Evil companions lead to sin, such as those from whom 
one hears indecent speech, by which he may easily be 
mislead and corrupted. Bad company ruins good morals. 
(I Corinthians 15*33) Evil associations are the 
Devil 1 s drag-net, with which he draws many to perdi- 
tion. Avoid companionship with ungodly, lewd persons. 
"If sinners entice you, do not consent, 11 (Proverbs 1: 
10) Those who spend much time with sinful companions 
are easily corrupted by them, adopting their habits of 
speech and becoming similar in character ere they 
realize it. Evil companions demand conformity. i n 


their company one must either sin or suffer scorn. 
With this in mind a devout man avoids the company of 
the wicked. If you do not wish to be enticed to for- 
nication and impurity, flee diligently from occasions 
and persons where the door to these sins would be open. 
To escape drunkenness (which is the broad way to hell), 
seek not the comradeship of a drunkard, and look not 
to him as friend. For of what help is such a friend 
who may ruin your life, yea destroy your salvation? 
For experience teaches that more people are killed by 
friends by way of drunkenness than are slain by the 
swords of enemies. More people have perished by wine 
than have been drowned in water. Beware of all allure- 
ments to sin! You know not how soon you may be en- 
snared by Satan and sin* 

4.. When you are tempted by others or by your own 
impulse to do harm to a fellowman, pause to consider 
how you would feel if others did so to you. Do noth- 
ing to others that you would not wish them to do to 
you. "All things whatsoever ye would that men should 
do to you, do ye even so to them." (Matthew 7:12) 
What you yourself dislike do not to others. . . 

5. When you in your calling face a great undertak- 
ing, do not lose faith in the power of God to provide. 
Begin nothing without first praying for God's blessing, 
for without His sanction all our cares and labors are 
in vain. (Psalm 127:1-2) On the blessings of God de- 
pend all things. Pray the Lord to bless your labors, 
and then proceed to the task at hand with joyful spir- 
it, committing all to the wise providence of God, Who 
cares for us and supplies the needs of those who fear 

6. Do not attempt supporting yourself in any occu- 
pation forbidden by. God. For to what advantage is 
wealth won at the expense of your soul? (Matthew 16:26) 
Even though you may make great temporal gains through 
dishonesty, you will thereby forfeit the blessing of a 
clear conscience. Who can bear the burden of a dis- 
turbed, nagging conscience? Be diligent, therefore, 

as was the Apostle Paul, always taking pains to have a 
clear conscience towards God and towards men. (Acts 


7. Do not be proud and overbearing because you 
have been blessed with this world's goods, or with 
outstanding personality features; for God Who has giv- 
en can also take away, and may do so if you through 
pride or contempt of others make misuse of His gifts 
to you. Even though you possess certain qualities of 
which you may feel proud, they are more than offset by 
your many bad habits and shortcomings which prove you 
unworthy in your own eyes. He who knows himself well 
is certain to find enough of human frailty to make It 
extremely difficult for him to consider himself better 
than others. 

8. Be a true servant of Christ, not only by attend- 
ing church services or by taking part in religious 
ceremonies, but throughout every area of your life, 
shunning all sin, and with a true obedient spirit obey- 
ing all the commandments of God. Be not satisfied 
with a reputation for godliness; let your character be 
equally good. Woe unto the man who is not pious yet 
wants to be considered as such. 

9. Do not think that it will suffice to only serve 
God yourself, and not see to it that all in your care 
do likewise. The duty of every father lies not alone 
in personal service to God, but also in influencing 
his family and servants to do likewise. God has com- 
manded, T, Jmd these words, which I command thee this 
day, shall be in thine heart: and thou shalt teach 
them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of 
them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou 
walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when 
thou risest up." (Deuteronomy 6:6,7) So did Joshua, 
the gallant God-fearing hero, informing the people of 
Israel that whether or not they served the Lord, he 
and his house would "do so. (Joshua 24:15) A father 

is as accountable for the welfare of those in his 
house as a government for her charge or a pastor for 
his flock. He must therefore be deeply concerned that 
his entire household truly worship and serve God, 
which is the only way for them to obtain salvation. 

10. Detest idleness as a pillow of Satan and a 
cause of all sorts of wickedness, and be diligent in 


your appointed tasks that you be not found idle, 
Satan has great power over the idle to lead them into 
many' sins. King David was idle on the rooftop of his 
house when he fell into adultery. (II Samuel 11 :2-5) 

11 • Practice modesty in the wearing of clothes, 
and have nothing to do with pomp and luxury in rai- 
ment. It is great vanity to spend as much on one suit 
as would ordinarily be required to clothe two or three 
persons. When you become old and think back to the 
time when you sought to adorn yourself, you will feel 
only regret that you once loved such vain display. 
Read much in God's Word and you will find many warn- 
ings against pride. No other sin was punished more 
severely. Pride changed angels to devils. A once 
powerful king, Nebuchadnezzar, was transformed into a 
brute beast (to eat grass like an ox). And Jezebel 
(a dominant queen) x^ras eaten of dogs as the result of 
her pride. (II Kings 9:30-37) 

12. Do nothing in anger but consider well before 
you act, lest you be sorry later and will acquire a 
name of evil repute. In time your anger will cool and 
you will be able to decide wisely what has to be done. 
Make a difference between one who has wronged you 
against his will through lack of forethought and one 
who has deliberately and maliciously done so. Be gra- 
cious to the former and let your reactions toward the 
latter be tempered with righteousness. 

13* Be not too intimate with any man, except he 
fear Godj for it is certain that any and all friend- 
ships, however established, built on any other founda- 
tion than the fear of God, may not last long. 

14. For the sake of their friendship it is best 
for friends not to become too confidential; for this 
life is so filled with change and circumstances that 
it is hard for any man to retain the good will of all 
his friends unto the end of his days. 

15- If you chance to fall into any kind of dispute 
with a friend, do not despise him for this reason nor 
betray his confidences. (Proverbs 11:13) In this way 
you may win him again as a friend. 

16. No one is his own master, only a steward of 


that which is in his care. Therefore give of your 
goods to the poor and needy, wisely, willingly, and 
heartily. (II Gorinthians 9:7) 

17. Preside over those in your charge with kind- 
ness and meekness, rather than to subject them to 
fear and terror. . . The righteousness of God can not 
long endure tyranny; an oppressor does not rule long, 
in overly severe administration of justice is gross 
unrighteousness. God requires meekness and humility 
of those in authority as well as justice. Therefore 
govern your subjects with love and mercy, so that 
they will love you more than fear you. 

18. Finally, be friendly to all and a burden to 
no one. Live holy before God; before yourself, mod- 
erately; before your neighbors, honestly, let your 
life be modest and reserved, your manner courteous, 
your admonitions friendly, your forgiveness willing, 
your promises true, your speech wise, and share 
gladly the bounties you receive. 

Selected by Kenneth Garber 


One of the most basic lessons that every child must 
learn is genuine obedience. A child's mastery of this 
lesson affects his mastery of life. In fact, the 
child 1 s mastery of this lesson affects not only his 
success in life but also his preparedness to obey 
the Lord Jesus. 

Much that is called obedience is not obedience. 
Take, for example, the parent who gets his child to 
comply with his orders by repeatedly raising his 
voice or by offering a reward or by appealing to his 
child's reasoning. These approaches may get the 
child to comply, but they do not teach the child 
obedience . 

The discipline that will bring our children to the 
right end demands obedience which consists of four 
basic elements. In fact, unless our discipline in- 


eludes every one of these , It is not Biblical and will 
not produce Biblical results. 

First , obedience must be immediate. Delayed obedi- 
ence is disobedience. Ask once, in a normal voice 
range, and a child should obey. Parents often talk 
five or six times before acting, but this does not 
teach ready obedience. 

Then, too, obedience must be unquestioned obedience. 
Commands do not need to sound reasonable to the child 
before he obeys, and neither should he be allowed to 
argue or to debate a command. When you say go, he 
goes. If you say come, he comes. On occasions, a 
child may ask a sensible question, but he should ask 
respectfully and openly. Sometimes, parents try to 
"handle' 1 a child by arguing him into a corner. But 
remember, though you may win the battle this time if 
you do that, you will not win the war in the end. 

Also, obedience must be cheerful obedience. A child 
may do what you ask, but all the while he may be pout- 
ing and grumbling. This is not obedience. A child 
has not learned to submit if he has not also submitted 
inside. Our children need to learn to enjoy obeying. 
Mere outward obedience is not enough. 

Lastly, obedience must be entire obedience. Partial 
obedience is not obedience. We tell our children to 
put the toys away, but they put only part of them away — 
that is not obedience. True obedience does all that 
Is asked. 

We need parents ..who govern their children as those 
having authority — parents who are ready to enforce 
their commands with, action. Why? So they can show 
who is boss? Mo, the reason lies much deeper! Parents 
should exercise their God-given authority so that their 
children will grow up to respect the authority of God, 
Children who have not learned to obey parental author- 
ity will find it hard to obey God when they are older. 
Children who do not pay attention to their parents will 
likely not pay attention to God either. Immediate, un- 
questioned, cheerful, and complete obedience Is what the 
Scriptures teach and is the only kind worth teaching. 
By H. Lynn Martin in The Christian School Builder 



There is freedom In God f s kingdom; 

There is glorious libertyl 
When Christ we heed, we are indeed 

Freed from sin T s captivity. 

When God we serve and do not swerve , 

There is glorious libertyl 
But wicked men who still serve sin 

Are in bondage and not free . 

In the Spirit , when we hear Him, 

There is glorious libertyl 
When Christ the Just, we in love trust, 

God gives us the victory. 

When Christ shall save from death 1 s cold grave, 

There is glorious libertyl 
Children of God, who in faith trod, 

Shall their Lord in glory see. 


In sacrifice on Calvary f s beams, 

Christ paid the price that souls redeems; 

He took my place and died for me; 

Now in God's grace is libertyl 

Oh, glorious, glorious liberty, 

Jesus Christ has made me free I 

— Hollis Flora 
Greenville, Ohio 

Men may misjudge thy aim, 
Think they have cause to blame, 

Say thou art wrong! 
Hold on thy quiet way; 
Christ is the judge — not they; 

Fear not; be strong. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 



We, the members of the Wakarusa Congregation , were 
made to rejoice when Michael and Susan Harper requested 
Christian baptism. Upon a public confession of faith 
in Jesus Christ, they were baptized on September 27. 
May the Lord be their constant guide. 

— Melvin Coning 


Michael & Susan Harper 1319 Northwood Dr. 

Napannee, Indiana, 46550 
(219) 773-3624 

Amos Baker (416) 886-0169 

Isaac Baker (416) 886-0166 

Paul Baker (416) 886-1281 

David Royer (219) 875-7076 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Cali- 
fornia, have agreed to hold our Fall Lovefeast Meeting, 
the Lord willing, at Salida on October 17 and 18. We 
sincerely invite and welcome all our dear brethren 
and sisters and friends to come and be with us at this 
time of communion and spiritual revival. May God 
richly bless this coming meeting and all who attend. 

— Joseph L. Cover 


SCHONWALD - A daughter, Rebecca Ellen Snyder Schonwald, 
born October 5 to John and Sarah Schonwald of Modesto, 

12 __ THE PILGRIM . m 



One of the leaders in the Brethren movement in 
Germany was Christian Liebe from Epstein. He was a 
gifted speaker and travelled up and down the Rhine 
Valley and into Switzerland preaching the Gospel. 
There was much opposition to the Brethren, and 
Christian Liebe is one who suffered. The following 
is an account of his imprisonment along with some 
official documents and background information from 
European Origins of the Brethren by Donald Durnbaugh; 

"As has been seen, the Brethren movement met with 
varying degrees of opposition wherever the Brethren 
found themselves. They were fortunate in their choice 
of a century. At an earlier date the same activity 
would have been punished with execution by burning at 
the stake or drowning, which was the sentence passed 
upon thousands of iinabaptists in the sixteenth cen- 
tury, or harsh imprisonment resulting in death, suf- 
fered by hundreds of Quakers in the seventeenth cen- 
tury. By the eighteenth century, the Enlightenment 
had progressed far enough that the usual punishment 
for religious dissent canae to be banishment. As far 
as is known to us, no member of the Brethren group 
was martyred for his faith. 

n This is not to say that the Brethren did not ex- 
perience suffering for their beliefs. Two episodes 
stand out in this respect — the sentencing of Christian 
Liebe to serve as a galley slave, and the imprisonment 
of the Solingen Brethren. In each case, there exists 
a surprisingly well-documented story of the imprison- 
ment and the releas'fe. The efforts of the Dutch 
Mennonites, the Swiss Pietists, and others present 
nearly classic examples of assistance to those re- 
pressed for religious reasons. 

,r The narrative of the Liebe imprisonment begins in 
the year 171 4-, when the Brethren leader made a jour- 
ney to Bern, in Switzerland. The Bernese government 
had been trying for generations to stamp out the 


Anabaptists. In 1711 there had been a large forced 
migration to the Netherlands. Some of those who left 
with this exodus returned to the Bern area, largely- 
owing to the split between two leaders — Jacob Amman, 
whose followers were the Amish, and John Reist. The 
Reist faction, which returned, was considered espe- 
cially incorrigible by the authorities, who decided to 
send four members of the group to the galleys. This 
was the situation when Liebe was arrested in Bern. 


Christian Liebe Sentenced 

Minutes of the Bern City Council. 
January 6, 1714- 

Memorandum to the honorable members of the Anabap- 
tist Commission. Christian Liebe, the Baptist minis- 
ter from the Palatinate who came from outside Switzer- 
land into the area of authority of the city council, 
had to admit that his purpose was to visit the local 
brethren, to minister, to solace, and to baptise some- 
one if the occasion arose. He was not unaware of the 
published government prohibition of such activity. 
Therefore the honorable council and the high council 
and officials have approved that this foreign minister 
should not be given any less punishment than the local 
ministers, who were sentenced two weeks ago. There- 
fore the council and the mayor have resolved that this 
Christian Liebe should likewise be sent to the galleys 
along with the other ministers imprisoned here. They 
hereby inform the honorable members of this with the 
friendly request that the above-mentioned should be 
transferred at the right time to the officials, to- 
gether with the others. In the meantime, however, 
they should arrange that he be put with the others. 

Also; Memorandum to inform the sergeant of the 
court of the above with the order to put the prisoner 
with the others until the appointed date. 

Departure Ordered 

Secret Minutes of the Bern City Council. 
July 26, 1714, in the presence of the Senate. 


11 Memorandum to the sergeant of the court and to the 
court clerk. The report has arrived that His Royal 
Majesty of Sicily is willing to accept the six Ana- 
baptists and thieves condemned to the galleys. After 
the royal order is received, they will be met at Ouchy 
on the fourth of next August. Their Graces wish to 
order you to forge chains on these six persons as 
necessary, and to transport them safely to Lausanne. 
You are to send them with an escort of about twelve 
fusiliers (infantrymen) at the break of day, taking 
care to go unnoticed. They are then to be turned over 
to the provincial governor on August 2. For this pur- 
pose the leader of the escort is to be given the en- 
closed passport and the letter to the provincial gov- 
ernor. In addition you are to impress strictly upon 
the escort and instruct them that these said galley 
slaves must be safely turned over to the provincial 
governor on the above-mentioned day with no danger of 
their escaping. You will know how to take all neces- 
sary measures, chaining as well as others, to this end. 


11 Liebe and the others were sent off on the lengthy 
and painful journey over the mountains. They were 
taken to Turin to spend the winter, where they were 
imprisoned in a vault with ninety criminals and vaga- 
bonds. They had to do hard labor outside every day. 

"However, there were those who interested themselves 
in their fate. Several Pietistically Inclined members 
of the Swiss aristocracy took up their case. The 
Mennpnites in the Netherlands and northern Germany 
soon heard of the plight of their brethren and sub- 
mitted an appeal to the Dutch government, the Estates 
General. Tne Dutch hennonites had for many years as- 
sisted fellow believers in countries where there was 
suppression , # 9 it F rom European Origens of the Brethren 

A summary of the rest of the account of these per- 
secuted brethren is not complete without the mention 
of 4 man named Nicholas Samuel de Treytorrens. He was 
a nobleman from Cudrefin^ Switzerland, and may have 


been a member of the Brethren congregation at Kreyfeld. 
He took it upon himself to obtain pardon and freedom 
for Christian Lie be as well as for the four Mennonites 
imprisoned with him. 

De Treytorrens received a letter from Christian 
Liebe r s mother to the authorities at Bern humbly peti- 
tioning them for the release of her son. He carried 
this letter himself to Bern and personally requested 
that the council release the others along with Liebe, 
(The Mennonite congregation at Kreyfeld and those in 
Holland had also petitioned the Dutch government who 
interceded with the Bern Council for the release of 
the Mennonites*) For his trouble, de Treytorrens was 
arrested and imprisoned in Bern as a sympathiser with 
the Anabaptists. However, his petition was eventually 
granted by the council, and he was given papers author- 
izing pardon of the three captives by the King of Sicily 
who had them in custody on a Sicilian galley. ('Two 
of the Mennonites had died meanwhile.) The condition 
was that de Treytorrens was banished from Bern and all 
Switzerland as an undesirable guest. He was given 
four days to say goodbye to friends and take all his 
belongings with him. With the papers granting the 
release, he travelled to Turin, Italy, and was finally 
able to obtain their freedom after much expense and 
personal sacrifice. 

Christian Liebe returned to Kreyfeld, and there 
shared in the ministry with John Naas in charge. A 
dispute arose at Kreyfeld resulting in the migration 
of Peter Becker and others to Pennsylvania. John Naas 
withdrew and eventually also sailed to the New World. 
So the church at Kreyfeld failed with much loss to 
those involved. Many who were about to join the Breth- 
ren were turned away by the strife. Christian Liebe, 
once so useful, and who had suffered for the faith 
eventually became a merchant and left the Brethren 
faith. A more complete account can be read in various 
histories of the Brethren in Europe. — L.G. 

Every word of God is purer he is a shield unto them 
that put their trust in him. — Proverbs 30:5 



A little lad once climbed a fence 
To watch some lambs not far away; 

He saw they loved to eat, and drink, 
And scamper off to skip and play. 

He noticed they were peaceable 

And hardly ever quarreled or fought; 

He saw they were most often quiet 
As Mother Sheep had wisely taught • 

They seemed to know their shepherd ! s voice, 
And trust him fully day by day; 

When danger came, and parents called, 
The Iambs came running to obey. 

Then can't we see why God made lambs — 
To teach us all their ways of peace? 

Oh, may we find his pastures sweet 
And walk in gentleness and grace. 

Dear children, may we imitate 

The little lambs in days to come; 

God dees not want his children loud 
Or proud or rough or quarrelsome. 

Like little lambs, then, let us play 
iind eat and drink the food He gives; 

Let's walk hs Jesus teaches us — 

For he who heeds instruction lives. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 NOVEMBER, 1981 NO, 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Great God of nations, now to Thee 
Our hymn of gratitude we raise.; 
With humble heart and bending knee, 
We offer Thee our song of praise. 

Thy name we bless, Almighty God, 
For all the kindness Thou' hast shown; 
To this fair land the. pilgrims trod— 
This land we fondly call our own. 

Here freedom spreads her banner wide, 
And casts her soft and hallowed ray; 
Here Thou our fathers 1 steps didst guide 
In safety through their dangerous way. 

We praise Thee that the Gospel's light 
Through all our land its radiance sheds; 
Dispels the shades of error's nighty 
And heavenly blessings round us spreads. 

Great God, preserve us in Thy fear; , 
In danger still our guardian be; 

spread Thy truth 1 s bright precepts here; 
Let all the people worship Thee. 

Author unknown 

"THE FM1_<3R!IV1 is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church, Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Woif. 


"In every thing give thanks; for this is the will 
of God in Christ Jesus concerning you." (I Thessa- 
lonians 5-18) 

This admonition from the Apostle Paul may seem a 
little unreasonable c How can we be thankful in times 
when we feel life has more problems and frustrations 
than it has blessings? In times of sickness , afflic- 
tion, or even the loss of loved ones, how can we be 
thankful? Only if we are in Christ Jesus and have the 
eye of faith directed by the Holy Spirit can we see 
our place in God T s plan and be thankful in all things. 

A piece of machinery is only something to take up 
space and is of no benefit unless it is put to use= 
Such is the Christian faith. When a believer receives 
the Holy Spirit through faith, repentance and baptism, 
he has something that will elevate life to eternal 
values. In addition to praising and worshipping God, 
the Christian has the responsibility of witnessing to 
the world. Christian conduct is one of the most in- 
fluential means by which we can persuade* men of the 
true value of the Christian faith. In times of crises 
such as accidents, serious Illness, or death the be- 
liever has a faith that will sustain him. People who 
put forth an effort to help and comfort the Christian 
in such times often find that they In turn receive a 
strong witness in faith. Certainly we sorrow, but not 
as the world. How thankful we are that God has some- 
thing better in store for His people than this tem- 
poral life. 

Indeed we are thankful for all the blessings which 
we experience . Our greatest blessing which we have 
is the atonement which Jesus has made for us in plac- 
ing us in a favorable relationship to God. It Is so- 
bering to consider the suffering our lord endured so 
we might have hope of eternal life. Since Satan 


tempted man t^ sin ? the victory of God's people has 
been accomplished so many times through suffering. 
We must realize . that we are engaged in a warfare 
against the sinful forces of this world. We do not 
wish to not be a part of the Lord's army, but pray 
that the Lord will give us strengh and wisdom to over- 
come. For this we are most sincerely thankful. 

I know that as a professed Christian there are oc- 
casions that I tend to complain and show my dissatis- 
faction in face of frustrations. I often feel regret- 
ful of this 5 knowing that there is no good witness in 
letting the carnal nature gain control. But I am 
thankful that I can learn from experience and with 
the help of the Lord work toward perfection. 

Harvest season has historically been a time of 
thanksgiving o Vie live in a time and land where we 
are blessed with material goods and liberties beyond 
our capacity to appreciate <> Ln overfed, under exer- 
cised horse makes a poor worker. So maybe it is with 
the Christian — times of problems ana trials may be 
necessary to strengthen our faith. It is not easy to 
be thankful in adversity, but without the opportuni- 
ties to exercise our faith we cannot develop a strong 
Christian, character. 

If we each would list those things of which we are 
most thankful, I am sure our church fellowship, 
Christian homes, the Bible and liberty to exercise 
our religious beliefs would no doubt head our lists* 
Let us consider how much more we would be thankful 
for any of these blessings if we would be deprived of 
them for a season. Let us be thankful the Lord allows 
us experiences In life which will strengthen, us in 
the faith and give us a heart and mind that in every- 
thing will give thankp. 

— Joseph E. Wagner 
Modesto, California 

Christianity is a life — not a theory — not a philoso- 
phy of life — but a serious occupation of our whole 
existence. Selected by Loraine Bayer from 

Words of Silver and Gold 



Our country Is slowly but surely changing to the 
metric system. The older ones deplore the change, 
but the children can think in centimeters and deci- 
meters almost as well as In inches and feet. Moral 
standards of honesty and purity are fast changing, 
too. We must face its we are living in a day of 
changing standards . 

And yet, in- a sense, standards are not changing 
because God doesn't change and neither does His Word, 
His Word is forever settled in Heaven, It is only 
man and his standards that change from one locality 
to another and from one decade or century to another. 

Fixed standards of measure are vital In business. 
It is costly to change a standard^ hence, the resist- 
ance to the new metric system. The vital character 
of fixed standards is recognized by the government c 
Laws regulate and agents certify any measuring device 
that" is used in commerce right dox^n to the scales and 
yardage meters In retail businesses. 

God also has Intense interest in fixed, unchanging 
standards o In the law (Deuteronomy 2$; 13-16) God 
gave His people this rules "Thou shalt not have in 
thy bag divers weights, a great and a small. Thou 
shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a 
great and a small. But thou shalt have a perfect and 
just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou 
have i that thy days may be lengthened in the land 
which the lord thy God giveth thee. For all that do 
such •things, and all that do unrighteously, are an 
abomination unto the Lord thy God. " 

One can just picture the unscrupulous merchant 
with two standards. When he would buy his goods for 
trade, whatever it might be, he would conveniently 
pull out of his bag the heavy weight or the longer 
measuring stick to be assured of getting full value 
for his money. When he would sell, out would come 
the lighter weight or the short measure to be used to 
give the smallest amount for his full price. Oh, 
there wouldn't likely be much difference — perhaps 


enough to allow for "shrinkage" or spilling. Or 
somebody might even steal his goods. Thus the unfair 
merchant would likely rationalize about his unjust 
measuring devices. God despises this kind of dealing, 
no matter what size. Proverbs 11 ;1 says, "A false 
balance is abomination to the Lords but a just weight 
is his delight • " 

Satan would have us believe that standards are not 
important . Or he \TOuId tempt us to have a double 
standard—to be one way in a church crowd 9 and a 
little less honest or pure or careful In a crowd of 
worldly people. This is like having two sets of 
weights In our bag* The poet says: 

I want a true regard , 

A single , steady aim,, 
Unmoved by threatening or reward 

To Thee and Thy great name. 

Knowing some of the aims or intentions of Satan s 
and knowing some of his deceitful tactics and devices, 
what form would we expect his temptations to take re- 
garding standards? We would like to consider four 
areas represented by current statements or slogans 
that Satan is promoting in our time of changing values. 


Stealing is stealing , no matter how small the 
amount involved. Some reason that goods or tools 
taken from a large corporation or from the government 
is not the same as stealing from an individual or a 
friend . Here no one would feel the loss 5 so what dif- 
ference does it make? The government will never miss 
the small amount of income tax if I fail to declare 
all my Income or list more deductions than I am en- 
titled to* perhaps some would think: "We are en- 
titled to higher wages,, so we 1 11 just make it up by 
using or taking some of the company materials." With 
God the amount Is not the issue . The issue is the 
principle lived out from the heart in the daily life. 

We cannot afford to be careless in matters of prin- 
ciple. God sees our hearts. How awful to let a small 


amount, a few dollars or even a few thousand dollars, 
keep us from Go&'s favor. n For what shall it profit 
a man,, If he shall gain the whole world, and lose his 

own soul?" (Mark 8:36) 


This attitude appeals to our physical pleasures. 
After all, we may reason, afflicting the body or 
"asceticism" is not the way to Heaven. But neither 
is indulging in all the desires and gratifications of 
the flesh. This attitude may have more influence on 
our lives than we care to admit. I have heard men of 
our time say that in their youth, they wotO-d take any 
job that was honest and brought images. Today youth 
are encouraged to choose only a job in which they 
could be entirely happy and really enjoy. There is 
wisdom in choosing work for which we are well suited, 
but like other good things, this can be abused and 
misused. We may, if we follow our own desires, con- 
clude that any form of hard work or confining, monot- 
onous activity is net for us simply because we don't 
enjoy it. 

This slogan is probably most dangerous, however, 
when It is applied to morals. It says that anything 
Is right If It is enjoyable. It fits not at all with 
the words of Jesus (Luke 9:23): "If any man will 
come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his 
cross daily, and ■ follow me." 


If it hurts some-one, of course it is wrong. But 
this is a sly way of getting around God T s standard. 
The Idea promoted is that any act may or may not be 
wrong depending on the circumstances. It Is called 
"situational ethics", and it Is Satan 1 s standard, not 
God's. Under this reasoning, the small thefts and 
cheating mentioned in statement one would be allow- 
able-. With this reasoning, what God calls adultery 
would be wrong only if someone got hurt. With this 
reasoning one so-called educator approved his students 11 


copying work from each other as a means of learning. 
But God's standards of right and wrong do not hinge 
on man's feelings about them, or on whether or not 
someone is hurt. In the end, those will get hurt who 
violate God*s standards. 

One Christian school authority has the slogan, "We 
must do right because it is right to do right.'' 


• Man is not basically good. Since the fall in Eden, 
we desperately need the Redeemer to work in us a new 
nature that i_s good. Without Him we are ". , . born 
unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. 11 (Job 5 2 7) 
Without Him, Isaiah says (64:6), "But we are all as an 
unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as 
filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our 
iniquities, like the wind, have' taken us away." Much 
as we might like to think that the world is better for 
our having lived in it, such Is not the case accord- 
ing to God f s Word. Paul writes that ". . ■ in the 
last days perilous times shall come*" (II Timothy 3s 1 ) 
And In 3: '13 2 "But evil men and seducers shall wax 
worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived." No, 
. the world will not reform; man Is not good of himself. 
Only God can change the hearts of those who are yield- 
ed to Him. 

Modern progressive education theorizes that chil- 
dren will choose what is best for them If they are not 
forced or inhibited. But this is proven wrong by ac- 
tual trial. Children choose the easy, enjoyable 'way, 
the easy courses in school. They need vitally the 
training that godly parents can give. 

In a world of changing standards and disintegrating 
values, let us as Christians stand firm on the founda- 
tion Jesus Christ. He is the same "yesterday, today, 
and forever." — L.C. 

Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, 
and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is 
no variableness, neither shadow of turning. 

— James 1:17 



"But the fruit of the Spirit is love,, joy, peace,, 
longsuffe ring 5 gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, 
temperance: against such there is no lav. And they 
that are Christ f s have crucified: the flesh with the 
affections and lusts. If we live in the Spirit, let 
us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous 
of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one 
another. " (Gal&tians 5s 22-26) 

The fruits of the Spirit are like fruits on a tree. 
I trust we all want to grow the fruits of the Spirit. 

The first and most beautiful fruit is love* There 
are many passages in the Bible on love* I John says 
"love is of God. . . « God loved this world and sent 
His Son to rescue it from sin. God instructs us to 
love each other like He loves us. 

Joy is the next fruit. If a person has joy you 
can almost see it bursting from every word and action, 
Nehemiah says ". . . the joy of the Lord is your 
strength." 1 hope I can have this bright fruit. 

Another fruit is peace. If a person surrenders 
his life to Christ there is peace in his heart. 
Hebrews 12 says to "Follow peace with all men. . . " 
I believe that this Is part of our nonresistant stand. 

icngsuffering means patience. Patience is a virtue 
everyone must have when someone crosses his path. We 
could lose our temper, but that is not having patience. 
Nor would it be obeying the passage in I Thessalonlans, 
"be patient toward all men." 

Another necessary fruit is gentleness. Some men I 
know have extra large hands but these same hands are 
very gentle, I admire gentle people. They do not nag 
or fight.' I wish I could have more gentleness. 

Goodness Is another gem. When parents tell their 
children to be good^ they want them to behave and have 
respectable conduct. 

Faith is the substance of things hoped for$ the 
evidence of things not seen. Sometimes when our loved 
ones are away we must have faith and trust God to take 
care of them. 


Meekness is the ornament of a great price in God's 
sight. A meek person is an humble person- Some big 
people are very humble, I admire these people and" 
strive to be like them. 

Temperance is the last but not least fruit. If a 
man has temperance he will not go overboard in any- 
thing. If we do all to the glory of God as Paul says 
in Corinthians we will not exaggerate anything be- 
cause God does not want us to. Use temperance in 

The last half of the passage says that if we have 
crucified or given up the aeeds of the flesh we are 
Christ T s ana Christ is ours. We are to live and 
walk in the Spirit* lie are not to desire glory we 
don't deserve s nor provoke or envy one another. 

Written for a "Language Arts" assignment In school, 

Eosanna Cover 
Tuolumne ? California 

Praise ye the Lord! 'tis good to raise 
Your hearts and voices in His praise; 
His nature and His works Invite 
To make this duty our delight. 

He formed the stars, those heavenly flames, 
He counts their numbers, calls their names; 
His wisdom's vast, and knows no bound, 
A deep where all our thoughts are drowned. 

Sing to the. Lord, exalt Him high, 
Who spreads His clouds along the sky; 
There He prepares the fruitful rain, 
Nor lets th& drops descend in vain. 

He makes the grass the hills adorn, 
And clothes the smiling fields with corn; 
The beasts with food His hands supply, 
And the young ravens when they cry. 

His saints are lovely in His sight, 
He views His children with delight; 
He sees their hope, He knows their fear, 
And looks and loves His image there. 

Isaac Watts (1674-1748) 



Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the 
Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, — Eph. 5:20 

Gilbert Keith, in telling his life story, speaks of 
his coming out of confusion to joy In that he "took life 
for gratitude, not for granted." He refused to whine 
and repine because there was so little good: he relished 
and lived for the good which existed, 

"It is better to have too much gratitude in life than 
too much caution and calculation, » says Erick Routley. 
Gratitude is central in our Christian faith. It is a 
poor prayer that is not permeated with praise. It is a 
dismal ■ day which does not delight in God T s goodness. 
It is a thoughtless life which- does not radiate with 
thanksgiving * 

In the old Anglo-Saxon language thankfulness means 
thankfulness. ' It takes thought to be thankful. Other- 
wise we take blessings for granted. Too often we accept 
our blessings along lines 'which can easily be recognized 
and explained. After all, we worked hard; it was our 
money; we had the foresight, wisdom, and ability, we 
are industrious and had good luck. But what do we have 
that we have not received? 

It is difficult to know which is harder on us — pros- 
perity or privation. Some say the rich are more likely 
to go wrong than the poor. Jesus warns that abundance 
often leads to self-sufficiency, self-indulgence, and 
self-complacency. Abundance often makes' us hardhearted. 
We take our blessings for granted. 

Poverty, on the other hand, can lead to self-pity, 
to jealousy, to envy, and even to bitterness. 

Some time ago someone looked up the words ''gratitude 11 
and "appreciation" In a literary concordance. What 
author do you suppose had the most reference to grati- 
tude and appreciation? It was not a millionaire, or 
healthy person, or one who knew no sorrow or trouble. 
The longest list was from a man who spent most of his 
life on a sickbed, wrecked by hemorrhages, and who died 
when he was forty- four. He was the one who wrote: 


"The world is so full of a number of things, 
I'm sure we should all be as happy as kings. u 

Paul writes, "In -every thing by prayer and' supplica- 
tion with thanksgiving "let your requests be made known 
unto God. And the peace of God, which passeth all un- 
derstanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through 
Christ Jesus. 11 (Phil. 4:6,7) 

By John M. Drescher in the Gospel Herald 


It matters not that I can't see 

What lies in store through life for me. 

It matters not that wind and rain 

Might lie in wait to cause me pain, 

Or that the roads ahead be steep 

And water that's beyond them deep. 

It matters not that I don ! t know 
Ahead of time what life will show. 
For there is one with grace divine 
Who's placed His hand on top of mine. 
And He knows ; well this road I trod; 
He walked it once, this Son of God. 

And so He leads me through it all 

And picks me up whene ! er I fall 

And sets me on the path that's straight, 

That leads me to the golden gate. 

So if you're tempted to worry sore 
About what life may have in store, 
Don't be upset that you can't tell, 
For God's the Guide and He knows well. 

By Michelle Richards 

Selected by Rachel Bowser 



"Help one another/ 1 the snow-flake said, 

As they huddled down in their fleecy bed; 

M One of us here would not be felt; 

One of us here would quickly melt; 

And I should be gone ere noon today; 

But nestle together close to me 

And then j what a big white drift we ! ll see. 11 

"Help one another, " the maple spray 
Said to his fellow leaves one day; 

" The sun would wither me here alone 

Long enough ere the day is gone; 

Bat I ! ll help you, and you help me, 

And then what a splendid shade there T 11 be. n 

"Help one another," the dew-drop cried, 
Seeing another drop close to its side; 
"The warm south breeze would dry me away, 
And I should be gone ere noon today; 
But I'll help 3 r ou, and you help me, 
And we 1 11 make a brook run to the sea," 

"Help one another," a grain of sand 

Said to another grain just at hand; 

"The wind may carry me over the sea, 

And then, Oh I. what will become of me? 

But come, my brother, give me your hand, 

We'll build a mountain and there we 1 11 stand." 

Author unknown 

Selected by Jean Martin 

God either changes the circumstances about which 
a person prays, or He changes the person himself by 
providing him with resources with which to overcome 
those circumstances. In either answer, the power of 
God and the efficacy of prayer are clearly demonstrated. 

Selected by Susie Sell 

THE PILGRIM .... 13 


As we conclude our brief selections of history of ' 
the Brethren in Germany , we would mention only a few 
more men who figured prominently in this movement. 
Alexander Mack Jr, recorded the following: 

"From time to time, the Lord awakened several co- 
laborers' during these seven years,, and sent them out 
into the harvest- Among these were: John Henry 
Kalckloser from Frarikenthalj Christian lie be and 
Abraham Dubois from Lppstein; John Naas and others 
from Nordheim; and. Peter Becker from : Dudelsheim. To 
these associated themselves John .Henry Traut and his 
brothers , Henry "Holzapf el , and Stephen Koch, Ifoat of 
them went to Krefeld during these seven years (1 708- 
1715)- However , John Henry kalckloser and Abraham 
Dubois went to Swarzenau, as well as George Balthasar 
Ganss from Umstadt, and Michael Eckerlin from Stras- 
burg." (From Europe an "Origins of' the Bret h ren , by 
Donald Durnbaugh) 

All these men had Interesting stories, no doubt. ■ 
However, we include here only a brief account of 
Abraham Duboy and a few others from History of the 
B rethren by Martin Grove Brumbaugh. 


Abraham Duboy was an eminent preacher both in 
Germany and in - Pennsylvania. He was born at Epstein 
in 1679, was brought up in the Presbyterian (Reformed) 
faith, and joined the church in the Marienborn dis- 
trict in 1712. Tlxree years later, owing to persecu- 
tion, he fled to 6ehwarzenau and was here called to 
the ministry, as assistant to Elder Mack. He had a 
great love for the founder, : and when, in 1729, 
Alexander Mack came to America, Brother Duboy' resolved 
to accompany him. This, for some reason now unknown, 
he did not do. In 1732, however, he took passage on 
the ship Pinit John and William , of Sunderland . Con- 
stable Tymperton, Master, from Rotterdam, and landed' 
at Philadelphia, October 17, of the same year. 


He resided some years on the Perkiomen Greek in 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania* In 1738 he was 
called to the "Great Swamp congregation, where he re- 
mained a faithful preacher until death claimed him, 
March 21, 174-8. 

He never married . He was a modest, zealous and 
earnest man* Like Koch he had a number of remarkable 
visions. Among these was a strange presentiment of 
his own death. One morning when he arose he informed 
the family with whom he lived that the time of his 
departure had come. He dressed himself in a shroud 
which he had prepared for the occasion, and asked the 
family to join with him in singing Johann ArndfJs 
beautiful hymn: "Nun fahr ich hin mit Freuden, ins 
rechte Yateriand, " etc. 

After the singing he delivered a fervent, prayer 
and ,-■ reclining on a coach, he quietly breathed his 


Lack of space precludes a fuller discussion of 
many of the earliest Brethren, who have largely in- 
fluenced the development of the church. 

Among the first members at Germantown was John 
Henry Traut, He was a member at Creyfelt, and was 
active in the work of the church. He came with Peter 
Becker 1 s party in 1 71 9 • 

On the first missionary tour in America Henry Iraut 
was a leading spirit . He was, next to Peter Becker 9 
the leader of the members, from which fact, combined 
with other evidences, I am inclined to believe he was 
a deacon of the church-. He accompanied Stephen Koch 
on an important mission in 1727; for an account of 
which see life of Koch., He lived a quiet, godly life, 
rich in deeds of love, and died January 4., 1 733* His 
loss was deeply felt by the entire congregation. 

Heinrich Holsapple, George Balser Gautz, Jeremiah 
Traut, Balser Traut, and John Jacob Price are also 
among the worthies of the early church, Brother Price 
was an active preacher in Germany, traveling with John 
Naas. They were successful missionaries. Brother 


Price came to America with peter Becker's party $ was 
at the first love feast, and,, in 1721, settled on a 
large tract of land on Indian Greek in Lower Salford 
Township in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. 

This Jacob Price is the father of all the Prices in. 
the Brotherhood. His family has been a remarkable one* 
Many of them have been and are preachers of ability In 
the church. Their history Is interwoven with the ac- 
tivities of the Brotherhood from its beginning. A 
fuller account of them will be found in subsequent 
chapters of this volume. 

All in all, these early leaders were godly, fear- 
less, able men. host of them were not only preachers 
of power- but writers of important works and composers 
of fervent hymns. They took the infant church to 
their hearts , transported, it to the free soil of 
Pennsylvania, and planted it far and wide in the 
hearts and lives of their children and of as many 
others as their limited opportunities in a wilderness 

would permit- They did thmr vo^k 



We of the Sallda Congregation rejoiced greatly 
when another precious soul, Chris Crawmer, was re- 
ceived into our fellowship October 25 by a public- 
confession of faith in Jesus Christ and Holy Baptism, 
May he be faithful and helpful in the Kingdom of God. 

— Joseph L. Cover 


ROYER - A daughter j Bethany Kay, born October 25 to 
Tim and Linda Royer of Goshen,, Indiana, ■ 

But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory 

through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

— I Corinthians 15:57 



One of the most fascinating parts of all God ! s 
creation is our sense of seeing, or "sight". Think 
how amazing it is that we can see something a great 
distance away and forra an image of it in our mind. It 
may be something dangerous, such as a bridge washed 
out in our path, ahead.. Or it may be something we de- 
sire 5 as when we are hunting for wild mushrooms or 
raspberries. It may be a friend we love, someone we 
have not seen for a long time, glimpsed in a crowd. 
Our vision brings our friend 1 s face closer and closer 
until we can talk together. 

When God was inventing the various animals, birds, 
insects, fish and other wonders of the earth He was 
amazingly creative with their vision. Some birds of 
prey have surprisingly kee n vision — they can soar a 
mile above the earth and see the movement of a small 
rodent in the grasses below. Many insects have multi - 
ple eyes, called compound eyes filled with thousands 
of tiny lenses . Animals like the cottontail rabbit 
have eyes that see in differ ent directions to help 
them see any enemies that might be approaching, but 
cannot be focused together on one object. as our eyes 
do . 

What a privilege we have that God gave unto man 
some of the best eyes of all — eyes that can focus 
clearly on something a few inches or many miles away, 
and see it in full color. But to man was also given 
"W ie best vision of all ; sp iritu al vision. Through 
faith we can see God making the earth long ago, and 
Jesus coming for His people in great glory to take us 
to God. < What a privilege, to see invisible Truths so 
clearly! — Stanley K. Brubaker 



19201 Cherokee Rd. 

Tuolumne, Calif. 


VOL. 28 DECEMBER, 1981 NO, 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


"His name shall be Wonderful.' 1 This Babe for whom, 
Even in village inn, there was no room? 

The lowing of cattle was His lullaby, 

Though caroling angels were thronging the sky. 

"His name shall be Wonderful." This little Lad, 
Living so simply, and so plainly clad? 

"His name shall be Wonderful. " This Carpenter, 
Known from His childhood by each villager? 

"His name shall be Wonderful." Spat upon, shamed, 
Tortured and crucified — how is He named? 

Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, 

He who one dark day Golgotha's road trod? 

His name shall be Wonderful — Jesus, God's Son! 
God's Word has promised, and it shall be done! 

Not meek and lowly, despised among men, 
This same Lord Jesus is coming again... 

With clouds and great glory, to reign here below, 

And all men shall praise Him, and each knee shall bow. 

From ocean to ocean His name shall be heard, 
Wonderful name of our wonderful Lord I 

By Martha Snell Nicholson 
* Selected by Susie Wagner 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing^ Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Sometimes we let our minds run into the realm of 
T 'what might have been". We speculate into the area 
of the unknown and unknowable. Generally speaking, 
this is not good— unless we let the "what might have 
been" thoughts teach us to appreciate "what really is"* 

Historians ponder over what might have been if the 
Moslems had not been defeated at Tours , France, in 
732 . Might all Europe have become Moslem? Or what 
if the Spanish Armada had not been defeated by the 
English and the storms in 1588? 'Might the 'Spanish 
have gained further power and spread Catholicism's 
control and the Inquisition even into the English 
world? These questions need only the answer that God 
has His hand in history.. 

The question we would like to present here to help 
our appreciation of God T s control is, "What if Jesus 
had not come?" What if there had been no Baby born 
in Bethlehem, no Christ to heal, to save^ and to de- 
liver? As we look into this and other questions, may 
we see the power of God in perfect control. May we 
see this power and His infinite mercy moving in be- 
half of His people — all those who will accept His 
grace - 

Galatians 4; 4,5 says, "But when the fulness of the 
time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a wom- 
an, made under the law, To redeem them that were un- 
der the law, that we might receive the adoption of 
sons'." If Jesus had' not been born, it would have to 
mean there was no "fulness of time" and no prophecies 
foretelling such a time and such a One. Isaiah could 
not have cried in an ecstasy of joy, "For unto us a 
child is born, unto us a son is given; and the govern- 
ment shall be upon his shoulder; and his name shall 
be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The 
everlasting Father, The Prince of peace." (Isaiah 9:6) 


Mankind could not have had the promise back in Eden 
that the seed of the woman would bruise the serpent's 
head. Zechariah could not have proclaimed, "Rejoice 
greatly, daughter of Zionj shout, daughter of 
Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is 
just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an 
ass, and upon a colt tne foal of an ass.' 1 (Zechariah 
9:9) Isaiah could not have written, "Break forth into 
joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem; for 
the Lord hath comforted his people, he hath redeemed 
Jerusalem." (Isaiah 52:9) In fact, there could have 
been no joy and no hope. 

After Jesus was born and was grown to manhood, what 
if He would not have won the victory at Calvary? What 
if He would have shrunk from draining the cup that was 
given Him to drink? We might speculate that the life, 
the comfort, the pleasure of the Son of God was worth 
more than all the souls in all the world, and He 
should not have had to die. But this very fact, this 
very worth of His, is what made It possible for Him to 
redeem men and save them to the uttermost. This value 
of His life and the love of the Father for Him made 
most significant His words and the fulfillment of them 
when He said, "Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest 
not, but a body hast thou prepared me. . . Lo, I come 
to do thy will, God. . . " "By the which will we are 
sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus 
Christ once for all." (Hebrews 10:5,9,10) If Jesus 
had not died, this will of the Father would not have 
been accomplished; the peace from God to man would not 
have been made. And if man could have existed this 
long, the way to the Father would not be open and 
there would be only condemnation, despair, and eternal 

After Jesus was born and grown, after He suffered 
and died on the cross, what would be If he had not 
risen? There were evidently some who lived in Paul T s 
time, and perhaps some today as well, who claimed to 
believe this very thing. They claimed that there was 
no resurrection. Paul counters this unbelief with 
some "if" thoughts of his own. He writes in 

A Hffi PI LGRIM . ( 

I Corinthians 15:12-20, "Now if Christ be preached 
that he rose from the dead, how say some among you 
that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if 
there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ 
not risen: And if Christ be not risen, then is our 
preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea, 
and we are found false witnesses of God; because we 
have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom 
he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. 
For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: 
And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye 
are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen 
asleep in Christ are perished. If in this life only 
we have hope in Ghrist, we are of all men most miser- 
able • But now is Ghrist risen from the dead , and be- 
come the firstfruits of them that slept." 

Yes, Jesus was born Into the world in a Bethlehem 
stable. Yes, He won at Calvary; He drank the cup of 
suffering, humiliation, rejection, and death. Yes, 
He rose a^ain and lives and reigns forever. We do not 
need to know what might have been, but we do need to 
appreciate our gracious, blessed Lord and yield our 
lives to Him. We need zo know and confess that with- 
out Him we are lost, and only by Him can we be saved. 


He looks, and ten thousands of angels rejoice, 
Mid myriads wait for His word; 
He speaks, and eternity, filled with His voice, 
Re-echoes the praise of the Lord. 


Prayer is a vital part of our Christian walk, for 
we must feel our need and dependence upon our Heavenly 
Father and realize that without Him, we can do nothing. 

Jesus has come, suffered, bled, died, and risen 
again for our justification and is even now at the 
right hand of God, Interceding and pleading on our 
behalf. (Praise the Lord!) "Let us therefore come 
boldl y unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain 
mercy, and find grace to help in time of need." 


(Hebrews 4:1 6) 

Jesus, through His ministry, has shown us He is a 
kind, compassionate friend . He desires us to cast all 
our cares upon Him, to trust Him as a child would 
trust a loving parent, with a perfect trust. 

Jesus says, "If ye abide in me, and my words abide 
in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be 
done unto you. " (John 15:7) "And whatsoever we ask, 
we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, 
and do those things that are pleasing in his sight." 
(I John 3:22) »• . . Verily, verily, I say unto you, 
Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will 
give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my 
name: ask , and ye shall receive, that your joy may be 
full." (John 1 6: 23, 24.)" "But let him ask in faith , 
nothing waver in g, For he that wavereth is like a wave 
of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. For let 
not that man think that he shall receive anything of 
the Lord." (James 1:6,7) 

Our motive and attitude is very important. We 
should pray to be in the will or mind of God, as Jesus 
showed us the examples "Not my will, but thine, be 
done." And as we pray of ten : "Thy will be done in 
earth, as it is in heaven." In James we read, "Ye 
ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye 
may consume it upon your lusts." (James 4s 3) 

There are conditions that can hinder our prayers* 
In psalm 66:18 we read these words: "If I regard 
iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me." 
Again in proverbs 28:9 : "He that turneth away his 
ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be 
abomination. " 

But If we love the truth, hunger and thirst after 
righteousness, and are pure in heart, then "... His 
mercy is on them that fear him from generation to gen- 
eration." David said a long time ago, "As the hart 
panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul 
after thee, God." (Psalm 42:1 ) 

We all have our weaknesses, and it seems so easy to 
make the same mistakes over and over again. Why not 
pray In faith believing and ask God to help us to be 


overcomers. Perhaps impatience is a problem we have. 
Me should persist in asking for help to overcome , and 
if we mean business with the lord, He is faithful, and 
His promises are true. " For whatsoever is born of God 
over cometh the world : and this is the v ictory that 
o ver cometh the world , even our faith . Who is he tha t 
over cometh the world , but he that believeth that Jesus 
is thf Son of God?" (I John 5:4,5) 

There is power in Jesus. Praise His Name! There 
are many things the Scriptures teach us to pray for« 
Here are a few; ,r . . . Men ought always to pray, and 
not to faint. 11 (Luke 18:1) "Match and pray, that ye 
enter not - into temptation. . . fl (Matthew 26:41) 'Tray 
without ceasing. In every thing give thanks. . . TI 
(I Thessalonians 5*17,18) tJ . . . pray for them which 
despitefully use you, and persecute you, n (Matthew 5s 
44) t! . . . I will pray with the spirit, and I will 
pray with the understanding. . . n (I Corinthians 14? 
15) ! 'Is any among you afflicted? let him pray* . . " 
(James 5-13) If any of you lack xrisdom, let him ask 
of God. « . » (James 1:5) "I exhort therefore, that 
. . . prayers be made for all men." (I Timothy 2:1 ) 

u . o . The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous 
man avails ih much* 1 ' (James 5-1 6) 

■In Christian love, 
Kenneth Garber 
Hughson, California 


What is Christian baptism? Is it really required 
of us? Some denominations have stopped practicing 
this ordinance. In one way or another they have ex- 
plained their way out of it. But really, is there an 
honest way to avoid it? 

The more we study the Scriptures, the mere we are 
convinced that baptism is indeed necessary for eternal 
life. Jesus told Nicodemus, "Except a man be born 
again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." (John 3:3) 
This is a statement that many persons don't understand. 


Like Nicodemus, they reply , "How can a man be born 
when he is old?" Notice that Jesus, in answering the 
question, added tc His earlier statement: "Except a 
man be born of wate r and of the Spirit , he cannot en- 
ter into the kingdom of God." (v. 5) Here Jesus Him- 
self teaches that the water is part of being born a- 
gain. Let T s study this a little closer. 

Mark has recorded that Jesus once said, "He that 
believeth and is bapti zed shall be saved; but he that 
believeth not shall be damned ." (Mark" 16:1 6) 

Look back also to the Flood s where Goa immersed the 
world in water to get rid of the wickedness that had 
been flourishing. Only eight souls believed that God 
meant what He had said. By their obedience, God waa 
able to save them from destruction by the water . They 
were not baptized, for the water did not touch them. 
Likewise, it's not the water that saves us, but it's 
what God has put into the water; not the washing 
power, but the power of obedience. Peter confirms 
this when he writes, "The like figure whereunto even 
baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away 
of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good 
(obedient] conscience toward God, ) by the resurrection 
of Jesus Christ." (I Peter 3:21) 

John the Baptist performed the first recorded bap- 
tism by man. He said, "I indeed baptise you with 
water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is 
mightier than I, x^hose shoes I am not worthy to bear: 
he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with 
fire." (Matthew 3:1*1) We are then told that Jesus was 
baptized in Jordan (Mark) and that when he came up out 
of the water (Matthew) ". . . lo, the heavens were 
opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descend- 
ing like a dove^ and lighting upon him* . . » (Matthew 
3:16) Here is an example of Scriptural baptism, in- 
cluding both water and the Holy Spirit. Jesus f bap- 
tizing with fire was yet to come, and was literally 
fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost when He poured out 
the holy Comforter (the Spirit) upon the disciples and 
saints at Jerusalem. "iind there appeared unto them 
cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each 


of them. » (Acts 2:3) Surely fire is a fitting symbol 
of being "born again of water and of the Spirit/ 1 for 
the Spirit is like a refining fire burning in the 
heart of every true believer , purging that which is 
harmful to the new creation. 

Now, we have seen that John*s baptism was unto 
repentance . According to the original Greek, this 
simply means H a change of mind" and is synonymous with 
what the Apostle Paul declared in his writing to the 
Romans: "For if, when we were enemies, we were recon- 
ciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being 
reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 (5:10) 
Reconcile also means "to change thoroughly from"* We 
must change thoroughly from our world-conscious mind, 
which was full of sin, to a spiritually-minded new 
man, wanting to obey God. 

, MS MUST SUFFER AND DIE fcTTfi CHRIST! Do we realize 
what this means? Can we feel the way Christ must have 
felt before He was crucified, when He was In the 
Garden of Gethsemane? Peter, James and John found it 
hard to suffer with Him and pray; they kept falling 
asleep. But Jesus* suffering was so great that God 
sent an Angel to strengthen Him. He was in such agony 
that His sweat was like great drops of blood! He fell 
on His knees, overcome with grief and agony, immersed 
In sorrow, saturated with sweat like great drops of 
blood. Before this, Jesus had told His disciples, "I 
have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I 
straitened (pained) till It be accomplished!" (Luke 

And we know it was accomplished according to God's 
plan, but not without real pain* Somehow we are to 
experience this pain with Him and should be able to 
say with Him, "My soul Is exceedingly sorrowful, even 
unto death. " 

The next steps of Jesus ! baptism are His death and 
burial. Simon of Gyrene carried His heavy cross, and 
Jesus followed it up to Golgotha. There He was nailed 
to It, a nail through each hand and foot. There He 
was j with a crown of thorns, being mocked, the pre- 
cious Son of God! There He hung for the souls of all 


mankind, that their sins might be forgiven and that 
they might acquire eternal life! "And he bowed his 
head, and gave up the ghost." (John 19:30) 

Joseph and Nicodemus then took the body of Jesus 
and wound it in linen clothes and laid Him in a new 
sepulchre in a garden where no man had ever been 
buried. (John 19:38-42) And so it is we have another 
example of an immersion, or "being put into". 

Now we come to that great memorial hour, when, on 
the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene finds the 
sepulchre empty] Yes, He has risen, as He had said He 
would . This is the Resurrection, wherein lies the 
faith and hope of the child of God. This is the last 
step of Jesus 1 baptism; now His pain is gone; His work 
has been accomplished! He is risen from the dead, in 
new and eternal life — -a resurrection which water bap- 
tism also represents o The Apostle Paul explains this 
to the Romans as follows: "Know ye not, that so many 
of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized 
into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by 
baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up 
from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we 
also should walk in newness of life. For if we have 
been planted together in the likeness of his death, 
we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: 
Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, 
that the body of sin might be destroyed, that hence- 
forth we should not serve sin. For he that is dead is 
freed from sin. £Jow if we be dead with Christ, we be- 
lieve that we shall also live with him: Knowing that 
Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death 
hath no more dominion over him. For in that he died, 
he died unto sin once; but in that he liveth, he liv- 
eth unto God. likewise reckon ye also yourselves to 
be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through 
Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 6:3-11 ) 

We see,, then, that we would be hazarding men r s 
souls to say that water baptism is unnecessary. Jesus 
was baptised. His apostles commanded baptism and bap- 
tised literally thousands of His followers. Study 
Acts 2:33, 2:41, 8:12 and 26-39, 9:18, 10:47-48, 16: 

10 THE PIL GRIM . . , 

30-31 , and the many other records of the early 
church's practice and teaching on this important sub- 
ject. It is through the obedience of water baptism 
that we receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit. 
Christ is our example . After He had been baptized by 
John, the Spirit came down in the bodily shape of a 
dove. Undoubtedly we acknowledge the Spirit before 
we are baptized and are willing to accept Him; but we 
must be baptised of the Spirit, Christ had to die be- 
fore lie arose in the form of the Spirit. likewise, we 
die with Him (water baptism) before we arise out of 
the water (born again) and are saturated In the Holy 
Spirit. Thus the two-fold baptism is complete. (See 
Acts 2:38) 

We have the example of Jesus; of the apostles j the 
answer of a good conscience toward Godj proof that 
primitive Christians obeyed the command. We believe 
that Ghrist meant It to be literally observed when He 
commanded; !I Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, 
baptising them in the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost; Teaching them to observe 
all things whatsoever I have Commanded you. . . tf 
(Matthew 28:19,20) (To be continued) 

By Ronald L* Cable 
Goshen, Indiana 


Time of gifts is every day; 
Smiles are nice to give away. 
Kindly deeds are welcome, too; 
Words make" gifts if glad and true. 

Let gay songs fill the air; 

Pleasant thoughts send everywhere; 
Give thanks always; you will see 
Earth 1 s a better place to be 
If these gifts are scattered round 
Where you T re sure they will be found. 

Submitted by Mary Ellen Lavy 



happy day when far away 

The joyful praises ring. 
When peace on earth at Jesus 1 birth 

Proclaims the coming King, 

When shepherds gaze as angels praise 
In s:lory-lighted sky; 

While Jesus lay near breaking day, 
Sleeping without a cry. 

The guiding star was seen from far 
As wise men travelled long, 

From far-off land 'cross desert sand, 
Of winds and tempests strong. 

Choice gifts they bring unto Christ King 

And Lord of Lords to be; 
To Him they bow, and happy now, 

Their Saviour Christ. to see. 

We praise Him too, and long to view, 

To see Him face to face, 
Who died that we might happy be 

In far-off happy place. 

to be there with angels fair 

And loved ones tried and true; 
Happy to meet in life complete, 

Where all things are made new. 

Joseph I. Cover (196?) 


John and Loraine Bayer Rt. 3, Box 244-A 

Fulton, Kentucky 42041 
(502) 468-5071 

BOWSER - A son, Justin Ray, born December 10 to Allien 

and Rhoda Bowser of Collins, Mississippi. 

12 THE PI LGKEM _ _____ 




First in the long procession of good men, led of 
God and called his ministers in the church in America, 
stands pious Peter Becker, who joined the church in 
Creyfelt, Germany, in 171 X* He came from Dillsheim, 
where he was born in 1687. When the unfortunate divi- 
sion occurred at Creyfelt, peter Becker stood for mod- 
eration and for Christian charity. Saddened at the 
unexpected action of Elder Libe, he gathered a few 
pious families around him and prepared to sail to 

Just what led' hiui to come here is not known. But 
it is undoubtedly true that the active efforts of the 
Frankfort Land Company, of which Francis Daniel 
Pastorius was agent, to bring good German families to 
Pennsylvania, was the immediate cause of his choice. 

Creyfelt was a refuge for Kennonites, Penn had 
converted maiiy of these to the Quaker faith on his 
famous missionary journeys to the Palatine and Holland 
In 1672 and in 1677. As early as 1683, Germantown was 
a German settlement. It was here, in 1688, that 
Pastorius, the Up de Graffs and Hendricks presented 
the first protest against slavery In America. The 
prospect of living with these men no doubt was a de- 
termining factor. Tney came to Germantown in 1719. 
This is the first Body of German Baptist Brethren or 
Dunkers in America I 

They had a stormy passage. The horrors of the sea 
were emphasized by the memory of troubles at Creyfelt, 
and this was augmented by the wretched sufferings of 
the members, owing to the miserable accommodations 
afforded for the voyage. . . 

To Peter Becker God gave the care of his cause In 
America, and from the organization of the congregation 
at Germantown to 1758, when he piously fell asleep, he 
was a true and faithful shepherd of God's sheep. Of 
his relations to the Germantown congregation I have 


already written . He was a weaver by trade, and owned 
twenty-three acres of ground in Germantown. This land 
he cultivated in cereals and In flax. In 1720 he had 
for an apprentice the afterwards famous Conrad Beissel. 
Beissel lived in Becker T s house for one yea?; then 
left for the Gonestoga country, and then eventually 
Peter Becker baptized him and made of him the head of 
the Gonestoga church. 

Peter Becker was married to Anna Dorothy Partmsn, 
and their children have many descendants among the 
churches in eastern Pennsylvania. In 174-7 he removed 
to the Skippack and spent his last days in the home of 

his daughter Mary, then the wife of Rudolph Harly* 
His other daughter, Elizabeth, was married to Jacob 
Stump, Here he was happy. This congregation on 
Indian Greek was the home place of worship of the 
Prices and others who were dear to him. On the very 
spot where he frequently preached now stands a new 
house — the home of Abraham H. Gassel, the antiquarian, 
and one of his descendants. 

Here he died on March 19, 1758, rich in years and 
richer In good works. He was burled in the old grave- 
yard near by, and a simple sandstone with the inscrip- 
tion, "Anno 1758, P. B.," marked his grave. 

This gravestone was so small that It finally sunk 
beneath the scd and the grave was unmarked and almost 
forgotten. To Abraham H. Gassel, his old aunt pointed 
out the grave, explaining that she was perhaps the 
only person living who knew its locationo Soon after 
that she died. Rrother Gassel was the sole custodian 
of the sleeping place of our first American preacher. 
Years rolled by and typhoid fever seized upon the aged 
Christianc In his sickness he remembered that he 
alone knew of the exact spot where Peter Becker was 
buried. On his sick-bed he made a solemn vow to God 
that if his life were spared he would, at his own ex- 
pense, erect a fitting memorial over the grave, God 
was good to him and in due time he was well. Then the 
order was given and a beautiful Carrara marble stone 
was prepared and fittingly engraved. When the workmen 
under Brother Gassel <s direction dug the soil away to 


set the stone j their picks struck an obstacle ,— a 
rough old sandstone. It was removed to enable the 
new stone to be securely set, when, wonderful to re- 
late, the old gravestone was brought from beneath the 
sod! The inscription was plainly cut, and by the 
side of the new now stands the old stone which for a 
hundred years had been lost. Surely the hand of God 
was in this! Now we know of a surety the final rest- 
ing place, and over it is this loving memorial. 

From A Hist ory of the Brethren , 
p. 191-197 
By Martin Q a Brumbaugh 


We see Jesus by the wayside, 

Healer of the suffering crowd, 

In the temple, through the wheatfields, 

And in Jordan 1 s waters bowed. 

As a Teacher of glad tidings 

Prom the mount and by the sea, 

As a joyous Guest in Gana 

And in grief at Bethany. 

Here on earth we sometimes see Him 

In a song or lesson taught, 

In a sorrow borne with patience, 

In a lovingkindness wrought. 

We see Jesus in the lovely, 

In the holy, just, and good, 

In a life of consecration, 

And in ties of brotherhood. 

We see Jesus on Golgotha 
Tasting death for every man, 
Then we see Him crowned with glory, 
Sealer of redemption's plan. 
Though we see Him now but dimly, 
Veiled by time and fleeting things, 
We shall see Him crowned with glory 
Lord of lords, and King of kings. 
Miriam E. Hanson Dayton, Ohio 



The greatest victory ever won 

Is the victory of God's Son, 

When Jesus Christ came down to earth, 

When the virgin gave Him birth. 

The greatest victory ever won 
Is the victory of God T s Son, 
When Jesus did the devil meet, 
And the temptor did defeat. 

The greatest victory ever won 
Is the victory of God's Son, 
When Jesus gave His "life for sin, 
When lie died for fallen men. 

The greatest victory ever won 
Is the victory of God's Son, 
When Jesus from the grave did rise, 
To win life's eternal prize. 

The greatest victory ever won 
Is the victory of God's Son, 
When Jesus did ascend in love, 
To His Father 's throne above. 

The greatest victory ever won 

Is the victory of God's Son 

When Jesus comes the saints to call, 

He will raise and bless them all. 

Thank God for the great victory 
Jesus won for you and me; 
Thank Christ for the power to win , 
Victory over death and sin. 

Hollis Flora 
Greenville, Ohio 



■ Did you know you live at the bottom of a huge ocean, 
one that is hundreds of miles deep, and covers the 
entire earth? Warm and cool currents continually 
change the temperatures where you live. And as you 
look around you, you can see many strange and amazing 
creatures "swimming" through this ocean, or walking 
and crawling along on the ocean floor. 

■ We live in an ocean of air. Without it, we would 
gasp for a few minutes, struggle, and die. Animals, 
-birds, insects — even fish--need oxygen to continue 
living. God has wisely made the atmosphere around the 
earth to be rich in oxygen, having enough but not too 
much, and He has covered the earth with this precious 
substance. We cannot see air, we cannot smell it, or 
taste it, but we know it is there. We usually don ! t 
even think about it except when strong currents of 
wind show their force against swaying trees. Yet air 
Is here, wherever we go. Up on the highest mountains 
or down in the deepest caves, we will find that air 
is there too. 

God is like air in many ways. He is present every- 
where, filling Heaven and Earth. Psalm 139 teaches us 
■ that God knows where we sit, lie down, and stand up* 
He knows every path where we walk. He even knows our 
thoughts. He is in front of us, behind us, and there 
is no place we could go, even into Hell or the depths 
of the seas, to hide from God. 

What a blessing that God, like air, is with usj for 
without Him we would surely die. Hour by hour He 
showers tne blessings we need upon us. Praise Him. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 


19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif.